Turkey has a total land potential of 78 million ha with a population about 74 million. About one third of the land is arable, and 26% of the population has lived in rural areas. The active population, work in the rural area of Turkey, is 14,767,000 and women have about 51% of that population. The population of women working in agriculture has shown an increase from year to year. In that regard, importance of women in agricultural activities and rural development is very clear. In agricultural enterprises, the individuals are comprised from 54% men and 46% women whose main work is agricultural activities and female economically active population in agriculture is about 55% in Turkey. The Social Gender Inequality Index, SGII, can be used to make some recommendations for policy makers. SGII is still at a high rate of 0.366 in Turkey. In present paper, some secondary data such as reports and statistical data were analyzed about the contributions of women labor uses in agriculture.
 6th Periodic Report of Turkey (2008), Ankara, to be presented to CEDAW Committee of the United Nations.
 Acker, J. (1992). From Sex Roles to Gendered Institutions. Contemporary Sociology 21(5), 565-569.
 Brandth, B. (2003). Gender identity in European family farming: A literature review. Sociologia Ruralis 42(3), 181-200. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9523.00210.
 Brown, D. (2000). The misery behind the statistics: Women suffer most. In: Jackson, R, ed., Global Issues 2000/2001. Guilford: McGraw-Hill Inc.
 Croppenstedt, A., Goldstein, M. & Rosas, N. (2013). Gender and agriculture: Inefficiences, segregation and low productivity traps. The World Bank Research Observer 28(1), 79-109. DOI: 10.1093/wbro/lks024.
 Dayıoğlu, M. (2000). Labour market participation of women in Turkey. In Acre, F. & Güneş-Ayata, eds., Gender and Identity Construction: Women of Central Asia, in Caucasus and Turkey. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers.
 Demirbilek, S. (2007). Analysis of Gender Discrimination Socially. Finance, Politics & Economic Comments 44(511).
 Demirgüç-Kunt, A., Klapper, L. & Singer, D. (2013). Financial inclusion and legal discrimination against women: Evidence from developing countries. World Bank Policy Research Working Papers Nr. 6416. Washington: World Bank.
 Dixon-Mueller, R. B. (2013). Rural women at work: Strategies for development in South Asia. London: Routledge.
 Gülçubuk, B., Şengül, H. Aluftekin, N. Kızılaslan N. & Kılıç, M. (2005). In Implementation of Employment Social Security in Agriculture and Rural TMMOB Chamber of Agricultural Engineering VI. Technic Congress.
 Gülçubuk, B. (2003). Globalization and the Agricultural Labor Market in Turkey. The 6th Conference of the European Sociological Association. Murcia.
 Hes, T., Neradová, A. & Srnec, K. (2013). Attempt for explanation of declining labor force participation of women in Turkey through test of Under-Participation Trap Hypothesis applied on micro-finance survey data. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 7, 76-85.
 Household Labor Statistics 2013. Ankara: Turkish Statistical Institute.
 İlkkaracan, İ. (2012). Why so few women in the labor market in Turkey? Feminist Economies 18(1),1-37. DOI: 10.1080/13545701.2011.649358.
 Little, J. & Panelli, R. (2003). Gender research in rural geography, Gender, Place and Culture 10(3), 281-289. DOI: 10.1080/0966369032000114046.
 Oğuz, C., Peker, K. & Karakayacı, Z. (2007). The Role of Women for Sustainable Agriculture in Turkey. Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine. 64(1-2).
 Oğuz, C., Karakayacı, Z. & Ermetin, Ü. (2008). The Role of Some Socio-Economic Aspect of Turkish Women for Sustainable Agriculture: A Case Study in Konya, Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium Agro Environ Antalya.
 Oğuz, C. (2008). The Role of Women in Horticulture; the Case Study of Yaylacık Village in Konya, Turkey. Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine 65(1). Oğuz, C. (2011). The Status of Rural Women in Education and Their Participation in Agriculture”, the Case Study of Konya, Turkey. International Technology, Education and Development Conference, Valencia.
 Oğuz, C., Kann, A., Kan, M. & Ergun, H. (2012). Women‘s Role in Local Development: A Case of Organic Agriculture in Yaylacık Village, Konya Province, Turkey. Poverty and Protection Conference 2012. Bangkok.
 Oğuz, C. & Kan, A. (2012). Women in Agriculture and Poverty: A Case Study from Highland of Turkey. Poverty and Protection Conference 2012. Bangkok.
 Rad, S., Ates, H. Ç., Delioğlan, Ş., Polaköz, S. & Özçömlekçi, G. (2012). Participation of rural women in sustainable development – demographical and socio-economic determinants. Sustainable Development 20(2), 71-84. DOI: 10.1002/sd.451.
 Sachs, C. & Alston, M. (2010). Global shifts, sedimentations and imaginaries: An introduction to the special issue on women and agriculture. Signs 35(2), 277-287. DOI: 10.1086/605618.
 Segalen, M. (1980): Mari et femme dans la société paysanne. Paris: Flammarion.
 Scott, J. W. & Tilly, L. A. (1975). Women′s work and the family in nineteenth-century Europe. Comparative Studies in Society and History 17(1), 36-64. DOI: 10.1017/S0010417500007635.
 Shortall, S. (2002). Gendered agricultural and rural restructuring: A case study of Northern Ireland. Sociologia Ruralis 42(2), 160-175. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9523.00208.
 Shortall, S. & Bock, B. (2014). Introduction: Rural women in Europe: The impact of place and culture on gender mainstreaming the Europe Rural Development Program. Gender, Place and Culture 22(5), 662-669. DOI: 10.1080/0966369X.2014.917819.
 Sireni, M. (2015). Reinventing rural femininities in the post-productivist Finnish countryside. European Countryside 7(1), 42-56. DOI: 10.1515/euco-2015-0003.
 Üçeçam Karagel, D. & Karagel, H. (2009). Women Labor in Rural Areas of (1990-2000). e-Journal of New World Sciences Academy 4(3).
 Yıldırak, N., Gülçubuk, B. Gün, S. Olhan & E. Kılıç, M. (2003).Türkiye’de Gezici ve Geçici Kadın Tarım İşçilerinin Çalışma ve Yaşam Koşulları ve Sorunları. Tarım-İş Sendikası Yayınları, Ankara.