An Evaluation of the Demand for Telework and Smart Work Centres in Rural Areas: A Case Study from Latvia

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Abstract

Rural territories face significant challenges in a globalised world as the number of jobs in traditional rural sectors are decreasing. At the same time, information and communication technologies as well as the changes in professional duties allow the rural community to participate in the knowledge economy distantly. In order to evaluate the potential of telework 1335 inhabitants (0.07% of the population) were surveyed in Latvia. A detailed analysis was conducted in two rural municipalities (Balvi and Limbazi) that face different socio-economic challenges. The results of the survey show a high demand for telework in Latvia rather insensitive to the gender, age and the place of residence of the respondents. People in less populated areas are also interested in socialising and professional networking activities in smart work centres - special premises for teleworking.

Kopsavilkums

Mūsdienu globalizētajā pasaulē lauku teritorijas saskaras ar būtiskiem izaicinājumiem, jo darbavietu skaits tradicionālajās lauku nozarēs samazinās. Tai pašā laikā informācijas un komunikāciju tehnoloģijas, kā arī pārmaiņas darba saturā un organizācijā ļauj lauku kopienām piedalīties zināšanu ekonomikā attālināti. Lai novērtētu attālinātā darba potenciālu, tika aptaujāti 1335 jeb 0,07% Latvijas iedzīvotāju. Detalizēta aptaujas rezultātu analīze tika veikta divās lauku pašvaldībās (Balvos un Limbažos), kas saskaras ar atšķirīgiem sociālekonomiskajiem izaicinājumiem. Aptaujas rezultāti liecina, ka Latvijā ir augsts pieprasījums pēc teledarba iespējām, kas saglabājās līdzvērtīgs neatkarīgi no respondentu dzimuma, vecuma un dzīvesvietas. Cilvēki mazāk apdzīvotos reģionos ir arī ieinteresēti socializēšanās un profesionālas tīklošanās aktivitātēs attālinātā darba centros - telpās, kas veidotas teledarba veikšanai.

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CiteScore 2016: 0.69

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.190
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.896

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