New strategies for rural development in the Russian North Semenova Tamara
Rural landscapes in Russia cover a wide and diverse geographic area. The new economic reality established since the late 1990s aggravated the polarity in the urban/rural dichotomy and significantly modified both land use patterns and landscapes. Economic factors force governmental bodies and public authorities to pay special attention to the regions with specific development needs, to be addressed with a cross-cutting approach and to be mainstreamed into the strategic planning. Case studies of rural settlements in the Arkhangelsk region give evidence to these developmental trends. Traditional rural communities in the Russian North suffer from unemployment, depopulation, poverty and anomie. Loss of human capital puts forward the urgent development issues: capacity-building for the civil society and civic participation, self-government and law enforcement, social service and financial support, traditional land use and heritage preservation. Landscape policy becomes both a political and economic issue to be integrated through information exchange and communication into the planning and development process by local communities and their civic organizations.
Glazychev, V. & Genisaretsky, O. (1997). Razvitie mestnogo samoupravleniya I stanovlenie grazhdanskogo obschestva v Rossii (Development of the local self-government and civil society in Russia), Gorodskoe upravlenie, No.5, Obninsk.
Kolbowsky, E. (2008). Landshaftnoe planirovanie (Textbook on Landscape Planning), Moscow, Academia.
Kuleshova, M. (2007). Landscape Heritage in Russian Legislation Today. In Landscape and Rural Heritage (pp. 149-156). Proceedings of the COE workshop Sibiu, Romania, 20-21 September, 2007.
Lapteva, G. Ya (2010). K voprosu o sokhranenii kulturnogo naslediya (On Preservation of Cultural Heritage). Abstracts of Reports of the International Conference "Culture of the Wood- Wood in Culture". Moscow-Rostov Veliky, 24-28 September 2010, pp. 110-113.
Olwig, K. (2009). Landscape, Culture and Regional Studies: Connecting the Dots. In N. Castree, D. Demeritt, D. Liverman & B. Rhoads, (eds.), A Companion to Environmental Geography (pp. 238-252). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Parlamentskaya Gazeta (Parliament Newspaper), 21 February 2008, № 10-11 (2262-2263), pp. 8-9.
Pilyasov, A. (2006). I poslednie stanut pervymi (And The Last Will Be First), Otechesvennye Zapiski, 6(5), 8-25.
Pilyasov, A. N. (1996). Zakonomernosti i Osobennosti Osvoeniya Severo-Vostoka Rossii: retrospectiva i prognoz (Conceptual and Specific Characteristics of the Russian North-East Development), Magadan: North-East Interdisciplinary Scientific Research Institute FEBRAS.
Romanova, E. A., Vinogradova, O. L. & Stanchenko, L. Y (2004). Structure and evolution of landscapes in connection with strategic planning of development of rural areas (on the example of the Slavsk area in the Kaliningrad district), Changing function of rural areas in the Baltic Sea region (pp.150-158), Warsaw: European rural Development Network.
Semenova, T. (2010). Rural Landscape in Russia: Local Participation and Development Trends. Living Landscape (vol.2, pp.261-266). Conference materials, Florence, 18-19 October, 2010.