Globalization and foreign amenity migrants: the case of foreign home owners in the Pomurska region in Slovenia
Slovenia became an independent state in 1991 with immigration flows in the country strengthening since 1998. The majority of the immigrants, mostly seeking employment, originate from the former Yugoslav republics. Parallel to this work migration flow from the south and after accession to the EU, Slovenia also attracted other types of migration from EU member states particularly amenity migrants. These amenity migrants show a strong interest in the Slovenian peripheral rural regions with its reasonably priced real estate and its natural landscape character. In the case of these foreign home owners an important question is whether and to what extent they are symptomatic of the processes of globalization? To address this, a detailed survey has been conducted in the Pomurska region located in eastern Slovenia and bordering Hungary, Austria and Croatia. The survey focused on foreign home owners who either became permanent residents or who are second home owners. The results of this empirical work prove very insightful of the processes going on in the region and the integration of migrants into rural society in Slovenia.
Benassi, F. & Porciani, L. (2010). The dual demographic profile of migrants in Tuscany. In Salzmann, T., Edmonston, B. & Raymer, J. (eds.), Demographic Aspects of Migration (pp. 209-226). Berlin: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Buller, H. & Hoggart, K. (1994). International Counterurbanization: British Migrants in Rural France. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Cadieux, K. V., Patrick T. & Hurley, P. T. (2011). Amenity migration, exurbia, and emerging rural landscapes: global natural amenity as place and as process. GeoJournal, 76(4), 297-302. Doi: 10.1007/s10708-009-9335-0.
Hall, M. C. & Müller, D. K. (2004). Introduction: Second Homes, Curse or Blessing? In Hall, M. C. & Müller, D. K. (eds.), Tourism, mobility, and second homes (pp. 3-14). Clevedon: Channel View Publications.
Horvat, U. (2009). Naravno in selitveno gibanje prebivalstva v Pomurju po letu 2000. In Kikec, T. (ed.), Pomurje, trajnostni regionalni razvoj ob reki Muri (pp. 216-225), Ljubljana: Zveza geografov Slovenije; Murska Sobota: Društvo geografov Pomurja.
Illės, S. & Michalkó, G. (2008). Relationships between International Tourism and Migration in Hungary: Tourism Flows and Foreign Property Ownership. Tourism Geographies 10(1), 98-118. Doi: 10.1080/14616680701825271.
Jansson, B. & Müller, D. K. (2004). Second Home Plans Among Second Home Owners in Northern Europe's Periphery. In Hall, M. C. & Müller, D. K. (eds.), Tourism, mobility, and second homes (pp. 261-272). Clevedon: Channel View Publications.
Lukšič-Hacin, M., ed. (2002). Seasonal work and emigration in the Pannonia space The neighborhood of Austria, Croatia, Hungary and Slovenia, Proceedings of the International Conference, Radenci, Slovenia, 22. -25. October 2002
Lukšič-Hacin, M. (2010). Migracije v teoretskem diskurzu. In Štih, P., Balkovec, B. (Eds), Migracije in slovenski prostor od antike do danes, Zbirka Zgodovinskega časopisa, 39 (pp. 8-23). Ljubljana: Zveza zgodovinskih društev Slovenije.
Marcouiller, D. W., Clendenning, J. G. & Kedzior, R. (2002). Natural Amenity-Led Development and Rural Planning. Journal of Planning 16(4), 515-542. Doi: 10.1177/088541202400903572.
McCarthy, J. (2008). Rural geography: globalizing the countryside. Progress in Human Geography 32(1), 129-137. Doi: 10.1177/0309132507082559.
Müller, D. K. & Hall, M. C. (2004). The Future of Second Home Tourism. In Hall, M. C. & Müller, D. K. (eds.), Tourism, mobility, and second homes (pp. 273-278). Clevedon: Channel View Publications.
Office of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia for Macroeconomic Analysis and Development (2011). Economic Mirror, February 2011.
Pavlin, B. (2009). Trg bivalnih nepremičnin v Pomurju 2004-2008. In Kikec, T. (ed.), Pomurje, trajnostni regionalni razvoj ob reki Muri (pp. 260-272), Ljubljana: Zveza geografov Slovenije; Murska Sobota: Društvo geografov Pomurja.
Pitkänen, K. (2008). Second-home Landscape: The Meaning(s) of Landscape for Second-home Tourism in Finnish Lakeland. Tourism Geographies 10(2), 169-192. Doi: 10.1080/14616680802000014.
Schmied, D. (2005). Incomers and locals in the European countryside. In Schmied, D. (Ed.), Winning and Losing: The Changing Geography of Europe's Rural Areas (pp. 141-167). Aldershot: Ashgate.
Walters, W. H. (2002). Place Characteristics and Later-Life Migration. Research on Aging 24(2), 243-277. Doi: 10.1177/0164027502242004.
Williams, A. M., King, R. & Warnes, T. (2004). British second homes in Southern Europe: Shifting Nodes in the Scapes and Flows on Migration and Tourism. In Hall, M. C. & Müller, D. K. (eds.), Tourism, mobility, and second homes (pp. 97-112). Clevedon: Channel View Publications.
Zelinsky, W. (1971). The hypothesis of the mobility transition. Geographical Review, 61(2), 219-249.
Zupančič, J. (2005). Geopolitične in kulturnozgodovinske razsežnosti ozemlja med Muro in Rabo. In Prekmursko narečje, regionalna zavest in narodna pripadnost (pp. 20-33). Murska Sobota: Prekmurska narečna slovstvena ustvarjalnost.