Cross the border - close the gap: resilience-based analysis of landscape change (Editorial)
As a consequence of widespread agricultural intensification, land abandonment and urbanization, most European landscapes are undergoing fundamental changes. The drivers and effects of these dynamics and possible approaches for guiding them (or at least coping with them) are addressed by two relatively distinct research communities dealing with the concepts of "cultural landscapes" and "resilience". This editorial introduces the key elements of the resilience approach and illustrates these in a landscape-related context. Incorporating the resilience perspective into landscape research sheds light on drivers and patterns of landscape change and illustrates opportunities for its constructive management. This will be dealt with in detail in the following three contributions to this special issue.
Antrop, M. (2000). Changing patterns in the urbanized countryside of Western Europe. Landscape Ecology 15(3), 257-270. DOI: 10.1023/A:1008151109252
Antrop, M. (2004). Landscape change and the urbanization process in Europe. Landscape and Urban Planning 67(1-4), 9-26. DOI:10.1016/S0169-2046(03)00026-4
Antrop, M. (2005). Why landscapes of the past are important for the future. Landscape and Urban Planning 70(1-2), 21-34. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2003.10.002
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005). Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Synthesis. Washington D.C.: Island Press.
Berkes, F., Colding, J. & Folke, C., Eds. (2003). Navigating Social-Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bieling, C., Allgaier, M. & Höchtl, F. (2010). Beyond agricultural production: forest expansion and the preservation of open landscapes in marginal areas. A case study from the Black Forest, Germany. Outlook on Agriculture 39(1), 25-30. DOI: 10.5367/000000010791169989
Carpenter, S., Walker, B., Anderies, M. J. & Abel, N. (2001). From metaphor to measurement: Resilience of what to what? Ecosystems 4(8), 765-781. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-001-0045-9
Chapin III, S. F., Kofinas, G. P. & Folke, C., Eds. (2009). Principles of Ecosystem Stewartship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. New York: Springer.
Figueroa, E. B. & Aronson, J. (2006). New linkages for protected areas: Making them worth conserving and restoring. Journal for Nature Conservation 14, 225-232. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2006.04.007
Grove, A. T. & Rackham, O. (2001). The Nature of Mediterranean Europe: An Ecological History. New Haven, London: Yale University Press.
Gunderson, L. H. & Holling, C. S., Eds. (2002). Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Washington, Covelo, London: Island Press.
Höchtl, F., Jenne, P., Petit, C. & Konold, W. (2009). Stein und Wein I: Erhaltung und Entwicklung historischer Terrassenweinberge. Stadt+Grün 58, 23-28.
Joneswalters, L. (2008). Biodiversity in multifunctional landscapes. Journal for Nature Conservation 16(2), 117-119. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2008.03.001
Kristensen, L. (2001). Agricultural change in Denmark between 1982 and 1989: the appearance of post-productivism in farming? Geografisk Tidsskrift 101(1), 77-86.
Plieninger, T. & Gaertner, M. (2011). Harnessing degraded lands for biodiversity conservation. Journal for Nature Conservation 19(1), 18-23. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2010.04.001
Scheffer, M. (2009). Critical Transitions in Nature and Society. Princeton, Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Scheffer, M. & Carpenter, S. R. (2003). Catastrophic regime shifts in ecosystems: linking theory to observation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 18(12), 648-656. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2003.09.002
Selman, P. & Knight, M. (2006). On the nature of virtuous change in cultural landscapes: exploring sustainability through qualitative models. Landscape Research 31(3), 295-307. DOI: 10.1080/01426390600783517
Stanners, D. & Bourdeau, P., Eds. (1995). Europe's Environment: The Dobris Assessment. Copenhagen: European Environmental Agency.
Vos, W. & Klijn, J. (2000). Trends in European landscape development: prospects for a sustainable future. In J. Klijn & W. Vos (Eds.), From Landscape Ecology to Landscape Science (pp. 3-29), Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Walford, N. (2003). Productivism is allegedly dead, long live productivism. Evidence of continued productivist attitudes and decision-making in South-East England. Journal of Rural Studies 19(4), 491-502. DOI: 10.1016/S0743-0167(03)00030-5
Walker, B. H. & Salt, D. (2006a). Building resilience in the wetlands: The Kristianstads Vattenrike, Sweden. In B. H. Walker & D. Salt, Resilience Thinking: Sustaining Ecosystems and People in a Changing World (pp. 125-138), Washington DC: Island Press.
Walker, B. H. & Salt, D. (2006b). Resilience Thinking: Sustaining Ecosystems and People in a Changing World. Washington DC, Island Press.
Walker, B. H., Gunderson, L. H., Kinzig, A. P., Folke, C, Carpenter, S. R. & Schultz, L. (2006). A handful of heuristics and some propositions for understanding resilience in social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society 11, 13. Available at http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol11/iss1/art13/ http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol11/iss1/art13/
Zimmermann, R. C. (2006). Recording rural landscapes and their cultural associations: some initial results and impressions. Environmental Science & Policy 9(4), 360-369. DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2006.01.009