Towards Food Policy for Europe: A Comparison of the Post-2020 Common Agricultural Policy Discourses

Abstract

This paper dives into the world of policy discourses to assess the extent to which the European agencies’ discourse of the post-2020 Common Agricultural Policy incorporates the innovative impulses presented in the Common Food Policy proposal of the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES food). The discourse analysis performed on European Commission and IPES food documents, showed fundamentally different foci and goals, proposed actions and understanding of the concept of sustainability. However, although the differences between the two discourses are still very large, the analysis points out that some features of the IPES food discourse are starting to become part of that of the European Commission.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Alons, G. (2017). Environmental policy integration in the EU’s common agricultural policy: greening or greenwashing? Journal of European Public Policy 24(11), 1604–1622. DOI: 10.1080/13501763.2017.1334085.

  • [2] Anania, G. & Pupo D’Andrea, M. R. (2015). The 2013 Reform of the Common Agricultural Policy. The Political Economy of the 2014–2020 Common Agricultural Policy: An Imperfect Storm (pp. 33–86). Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies.

  • [3] Bailey, A., Lang, T. & Schoen, V. (2016). Does the CAP still fit? London: Food Research Collaboration. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2828.5048.

  • [4] Daugbjerg, C. & Swinbank, A. (2016). Three Decades of Policy Layering and Politically Sustainable Reform in the European Union’s Agricultural Policy. Governance 29(2), 265–280. DOI: 10.1111/gove.12171.

  • [5] Erjavec, K. & Erjavec, E. (2015). ´Greening the CAP’–Just a fashionable justification? A discourse analysis of the 2014–2020 CAP reform documents. Food Policy 51, 53–62. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2014.12.006.

  • [6] Fresco, L. O. & Poppe, K. J. (2016). Towards a common agricultural and food policy. Wageningen University & Research.

  • [7] Fuchs, D. & Kalfagianni, A. (2009). Discursive power as a source of legitimation in food retail governance. The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research 19(5), 553–570. DOI: 10.1080/09593960903445434.

  • [8] Given, L. M. (2008). The Sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

  • [9] Hogan, J. & Howlett, M. (2015). Reflections on our understanding of policy paradigms and policy change. In: Hogan, J. & Howlett, M., eds., Policy paradigms in theory and practice (pp. 3–18). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • [10] Kingdon, J. W. & Thurber, J. A. (1984). Agendas, alternatives, and public policies. Boston: Little, Brown.

  • [11] Lang, T. & Heasman, M. (2015). Food wars: the global battle for mouths, minds and markets. London: Routledge.

  • [12] Lenschow, A. (1999). The greening of the EU: the common agricultural policy and the structural funds. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 17(1), 91–108. DOI: 10.1068/c170091.

  • [13] Levidow, L., Birch, K. & Papaioannou, T. (2013). Divergent paradigms of European agro-food innovation: The knowledge-based bio-economy (KBBE) as an R&D agenda. Science, Technology, & Human Values 38(1), 94–125. DOI: 10.2307/23474465.

  • [14] Phillips, N. & Hardy, C. (2002). Discourse analysis: Investigating processes of social construction. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

  • [15] Pierce, R. (2008). Using Content Analysis. In: Pierce, R., ed., Research Methods in Politics (pp. 263–278). Thousand Oaks: Sage. DOI: 10.4135/9780857024589.d26.

  • [16] Compassion in World Farming (2014). A sustainable food policy for Europe: towards a sustainable, nourishing and humane food policy for Europe and globally. Executive Summary, September 2014.

  • [17] De Schutter, O. (2016). Why we need a common food policy for the EU: an open letter to Mr. Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission. Open letter presented April 4, 2016.

  • [18] Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development (2012). The Common Agricultural Policy: a story to be continued. European Commission, Brussels.

  • [19] European Commission (2013). Overview of CAP reform 2014–2020, Agricultural Policy Perspectives Brief, No.5/ December.

  • [20] European Commission (2017). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: The Future of Food and Farming, Brussels, 29.11.2017, COM (2017) 713 final.

  • [21] European Commission (2017). The EU explained: Agriculture, Directorate General for Communication, Brussels.

  • [22] European Commission (2018). Proposal for a Regulation of the European parliament and the council establishing rules on support for strategic plans to be drawn up by member states under the CAP and financed by the EAGF and by the EAFRD and repealing Regulation No 1350/2013 of the EU Parliament and of the Council and Regulation No 1307/2013 of the EU Parliament and of the Council. Brussels, COM (2018) 392 final.

  • [23] IPES food (2018). Towards a Common Food Policy for the EU – Framing paper for the EU food and Farming Forum 2018. Presented at Eu Food and Farming Forum, 29–30 May 2018, Brussels.

  • [24] IPES food (2018). A Plan B for Europe – As CAP reform proposals are launched, 200 Food System actors come together to design a common food policy, Brussels, May 29.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search