Effects of the European Common Agricultural Policy on Preserving Biodiversity: Farmland Birds in Slovenia

Renata Slabe-Erker 1 , Marko Ogorevc 2 , Primož Kmecl 3 , and Rok Ciglič 4
  • 1 Institute for Economic Research, , Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 2 Institute for Economic Research, , Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 3 DOPPS Birdlife Slovenia, , Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 4 Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Anton Melik Geographical Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia


This paper assesses the effects of agricultural payments on changes in farmland bird diversity in Slovenia. Diversity was measured by Shannon index, while the impacts were estimated with the first-difference estimator on panel data for municipalities with and without special protection areas for birds. The effects of agricultural payments on farmland biodiversity require that the balance of financial instruments be taken into account when the agricultural policy is being drafted. The effects of payments in municipalities with and without special protection areas indicate the need to consider the landscape perspective and adapt schemes to landscape type while preparing the national agricultural policy.

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