Sustainable Rural Development Requires Value-Added Activities Linked with Comparative Advantage: The Case of the Catalan Pyrenees

Open access

Abstract

In a peripheral rural area like the Pyrenees, it is necessary to promote local resources, which can be converted in value-added activities with comparative advantages in relation with other areas. The Comparative Advantage Theory and Second-Best Option (SBO) methodology are presented here. Each local territory can develop activities or services, even though there are other places that may be more suitable for them, when these are the best specialization option for this territory. The idea of SBO methodology means engaging in activities that make it possible to achieve a comparative advantage. Four cases are discussed: a) transformation of dairy products into competitive value-added commodities; b) promotion of extensive cattle farming based on local natural grass feed; c) development of value-added tourist activities linked to local landscape; and d) planning value-added cultural activities related with cultural heritage.

[1] Antoine, J.-M. & Milian, J., eds. (2011). La Ressource Montagne. Entre potentialités et contraintes. Paris: Le Harmattan.

[2] Arcila Garrido, M. & López Sánchez, J. A. (2015). Los centros de interpretación como motor de desarrollo local, ¿un modelo fracasado? El caso de la provincia de Cádiz. Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles, 67: 143–165 (471–473).

[3] Badia, A., Tulla, A. F. & Vera, A. (2010). Los incendios em zonas de interfase urbano forestal. La integración de nuevos elementos en el diseño de la prevención. Scripta Nova, XIV, 331 (60).

[4] Barrachina, M. (2009) Landscape Change and Urbanization: A Case Study from Catalan Pyrenees. In: M. J. Prados, ed., Naturbanization: New identities and Processes for Rural-Natural areas (167–181), London: Taylor and Francis.

[5] Barrachina, M. & Tulla, A. F. (2010). Els canvis socioambientals al Pirineu català: la Vall Fosca com a esceneri representatiu de les economies tradicionals de muntanya. Documents d’Anàlisi Geogràfica, 56(3): 557–572.

[6] Barrachina, M. (2011). Perspectives per a la ramaderia del Pirineu Català. Anàlisi multidimensional dels seus condicionants a partir de l’exemple de la Vall Fosca (Pallars Jussà). [Doctoral Thesis]. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.

[7] Barrachina, M., Serra-Diaz, J. M., Tulla, A. F. & Cristóbal, J. (2012). On the Link between Socio-Economic Development and Landscape Changes in Two Pyrenean Valleys: The True Challenge of Multifunctionality. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 11(6), 1–7. DOI: 10.30638/eemj.2012.132.

[8] Barrachina, M., Cristobal, J. & Tulla, A. F. (2015). Estimating Above-Ground Biomass on Mountain Meadows and Pastures through Remote Sensing. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 38: 184–192. DOI: 10.1016/j.jag.2014.12.002.

[9] Baumgartner, D., Pütz, M. & Seidl, I. (2013). What Kind of Entrepreneurship Drives Regional Development in European Non-Core Regions? A Literature Review on Empirical Entrepreneurship Research. European Planning Studies, 21(8), 1095–1127. DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2012.722937.

[10] Best, S. (1989). The Commodification of Reality and the Reality of Commodification: Jean Baudrillard and Post-Modernism. Current Perspectives in Social Theory, 19: 23–51.

[11] Bordons, G., ed. (2010). Manual de Gestió del Patrimoni Literari de l’Alt Pirineu i Aran, Tremp: Centre d’Art i Natura and Garsineu Edicions.

[12] Brown, D. L. & Schucksmith, M. (2015). A New Lens for Examining Rural Change. European Countryside, 8 (2), 183. DOI: 10.1515/euco-2016-0015.

[13] Burandt, A. & Mölder, T. (2017). Nature-Gender Relations within a Social-Ecological Perspective on European Multifunctional Agriculture: The Case of Agrobiodiversity. Agriculture and Human Values, 34: 955–967. DOI: 10.1007/s10460-016-9763-7.

[14] Capdepón Frías, M. (2015). The Role of Natural Parks in Tourism Diversification Processes: An Application to the Alicante Coastline. Cuadernos de Turismo, 35: 431–434.

[15] Copus, A. & Hörnström, L. (2011). The New Rural Europe: Towards Rural Cohesion Policy. Stockholm: Nordic Centre for Spatial Development.

[16] Cuéllar, M., Calle, A. & Gallar, D., eds. (2013). Procesos hacia la soberanía alimentaria. Perspectivas y prácticas desde la agroecología política. Barcelona: Icaria.

[17] Esparcia, J. (2014). Innovation and Networks in Rural Areas: An Analysis from European Innovative Projects. Journal of Rural Studies 34, 1–14. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2013.12.004.

[18] Eychenne, C. (2008). Montagne versus haute montagne: Les recompositions territoriales du pastoralisme ariégeois. Sud-Ouest Européen 25, 39–49.

[19] Gosnell, H., Abrams, J. (2011). Amenity Migration: Diverse Conceptualization of Drivers, Socioeconomic Dimensions, and Emerging Challenges. GeoJournal, 76(4); 303–322. DOI: 10.1007/s10708-009-9295-4.

[20] Goulart Rocha, F., Tulla, A. F. (2015). Indicación geográfica de productos agrícolas: situación y perspectivas para la pequeña explotación familiar en Brasil. Documents d’Anàlisi Geogràfica, vol. 61/1: 67–89.

[21] Guinjoan, E., Badia, A. & Tulla, A. F. (2016). The New Paradigm of Rural Development: Theoretical Considerations and Reconceptualization Using the ‘Rural Web’. Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles, 71: 495–500. DOI: 10.21138/bage.2279.

[22] Hall, C. M. & Lew, A. A. (1998). The Geography of Sustainable Tourism Development: An Introduction. In Hall, C. M. & Lew, A. A. (eds.), Sustainable Tourism: A Geographical Perspective (pp. 1–12). Harlow: Longman.

[23] Herslund, L. (2012). The Rural Creative Class: Counterurbanisation and Entrepreneurship in the Danish Countryside. Sociologia Ruralis, 52(2), 235–255. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9523.2011.00560.x.

[24] Horlings, L. G. & Marsden, T. K. (2014). Exploring the ‘New Rural Paradigm’ in Europe: Eco-economic Strategies as a Counterforce to the Global Competitiveness Agenda. European Urban and Regional Studies, 21(1), 4–20. DOI: 10.1177/0969776412441934.

[25] Lipsey, R. G. & Lancaster, K. (1956). The General Theory of Second Best. Review of Economic Studies, 24: 11–32.

[26] Lipsey, R. G. (2007). Reflections on the General Theory of Second Best at Its Golden Jubilee. International Tax and Public Finance, 14(4): 349–364. DOI: 10.1007/s10797-007-9036-x.

[27] Little, J., Ilbery, B., Watts, D., Gilg, A. & Simpson, S. (2012). Regionalization and the Rescaling of Agro-food Governance: Case Study Evidence from Two English Regions. Political Geography, 31(2): 83–93. DOI: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2011.10.007.

[28] Mármol Cartañá, C. & Gascón Chopo, C. (2016). Muntanyes de formatge. Transformacions productives i patrimonialització a l’Urgellet i el Baridà. Barcelona: Generalitat de Catalunya.

[29] Mendizabal, E., Ajenjo, M., Blanes, A. & Sánchez, E. (1993). La población estacional en los municipios de Catalunya. Papers de demografia, 75.

[30] Milian, J. (2011). La protection de la nature, quelle ressource sociale pour la gestion et le développement des espaces montagnards? In Antoine, J-M. et Milian, J., eds., La ressource montagne. Entre potentialités et contraintes (pp. 249–272). Paris: Le Harmattan.

[31] Monllor, N. (2013). La nova pagesia: vers un nou model agrosocial. Quaderns Agraris, 35: 7–24. DOI: 10.2436/20.1503.01.25.

[32] Myrdal, G. (1957). Economic Theory and Under-Developed Regions. London: Gerald Duckworth and Co. Ltd.

[33] Navarro, F. A., Woods, M. & Cejudo, E. (2016). The LEADER Initiative Has Been a Victim of Its Own Success. The Decline of the Bottom-Up Approach in Rural Development Programmes. The Cases of Wales and Andalusia. Sociologia Ruralis, 56(2), 270–288. DOI: 10.1111/soru.12079.

[34] Navarro, F. A., Cejudo, E. & Cañete, J. A. (2018a). Análisis a largo plazo de las actuaciones en desarrollo rural neoendógeno. Continuidad de las empresas creadas con la ayuda de LEADER y PRODER en tres comarcas andaluzas en la década de los 90 del siglo XX. Ager. Journal of Depopulation and Rural Development Studies 25, 189–219. DOI: 10.4422/ager.2018.09.

[35] Navarro, F., Labianca, M., Cejudo, E., Rubertis, S., Salento, A., Maroto, J. C. & Belliggiano, A. (2018b). Interpretations of Innovation in Rural Development. The Cases of LEADER Projects in Lecce (Italy) & Granada (Spain) in 2007–13 Period. European Countryside, 10(1), 107–126. DOI: 10.2478/euco-2018-0007.

[36] Neumeier, S. (2017). Social Innovation in Rural Development: Identifying the Key Factors of Success. The Geographical Journal 183(1), 34–46. DOI: 10.1111/geoj.12180.

[37] Ohlin, B. (1933). Interregional and International Trade. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

[38] Olsen, E. (1971). International Trade, Theory and Regional Income Differences. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

[39] Pallarès-Barberà, M., Tulla, A. F. & Vera, A. (2005). Spatial Loyalty and Territorial Embeddedness in the Multi-Sector Clustering of the Berguedà Region in Catalonia (Spain). Geoforum, 35(5), 635–649. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2004.03.004.

[40] Pallarès-Blanch, M. (2012). Natural Protected Areas and Rural/Local Development: A Sustainable Strategy in Remote Areas. Urbani izziv, 23, supplement 2: 87–96. DOI: 10.5379/urbani-izziv-en-2012-23-supplement-2-0.

[41] Pallarès-Blanch, M., Tulla, A. F. & Vera, A. (2013). Reintegración de un territorio entre fronteras: El Alto Segre, Pirineos. Geographicalia, 63–64: 121–156. DOI: 10.26754/ojs_geoph/geoph.201363-64857.

[42] Pallarès-Blanch, M., Prados, M. J. & Tulla, A. F. (2014). Naturbanization and Urban-Rural dynamics in Spain: Case Study of New Rural Landscapes in Andalusia and Catalonia. European Countryside, 6(2), 118–160. DOI: 10.2478/euco-2014-0008.

[43] Pallarès-Blanch, M., Tulla, A. F. & Vera, A. (2015). Environmental Capital and Women’s Entrepreneurship: A Sustainable Local Development Approach. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 10(3), 133–146.

[44] Paniagua, A. (2002). Urban-Rural Migration, Tourism Entrepreneurs and Rural Restructuring in Spain. Tourism Geographies, 4(2), 349–371. DOI: 10.1080/14616680210158128.

[45] Prados, M. J. & Vahí, A. (2012). A Territorial Analysis of the Agricultural Heritage in Andalusia: Case Studies of Rural Settlements and Hydraulic Systems for their Subsequent Enhancement. In Feria, J. M., ed., Territorial Heritage and Development (pp. 98–121). London: CRC Press.

[46] Peet, R. & Hartwick, E. (1999). Theories of Development. New York: The Guilford Press.

[47] Ricardo, D. (1817). On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. Cambridge University Press.

[48] Roberts, L. & Simpson, F. (2003). Encouraging Responsible Access to the Countryside. In Hall, D., Roberts, L. & Mitchell, M., eds., New Directions in Rural Tourism (pp. 67–79). Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.

[49] Servolin, C. (1972). L’ansortion de l’agriculture dans le mode de production capitaliste. In L’Univers politique des paysans. Paris; Armand Colin.

[50] Smith, D. M. (1977). Human Geography: A Welfare Approach. London: Edward Arnold.

[51] Smith, D. M. & Lee, R., eds. (2004). Geographies and Moralities: International Perspectives on Justice, Development and Place. Oxford: Blackwell.

[52] Solé, A., Guirado, C. & Solana, A. M. (2012). Cambios en la dinámica demográfica y migratoria del Pirineo catalán. Análisis sociolaboral de la población extranjera. AGER, Revista de estudios sobre despoblación y desarrollo rural, 12, 51–90. DOI: 10.4422/ager.2011.02.

[53] Sorensen, A. (2018). Conceptualising Rural Sustainability in an Era of Transformative Technologies and a Globalising World Economy. In Paül, V., Lois, R. C., Trillo, J. M. & Haslam, F., eds., Infinite Rural Systems in a Finite Planet: Bridging Gaps towards Sustainability (pp. 140–145). Universidade de Santiago de Compostela.

[54] Stockdale, A. (2006). Migration: Pre-requisite for Rural Economic Regeneration? Journal of Rural Studies, 22(3), 354–366. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2005.11.001.

[55] Thünen, J. H. von (1826). Der Isolierte Staat in Beziehung auf Laundwirtschaft und Nationalökonomie. Rostock.

[56] Throsby, D. (2001). Economics and Culture. Cambridge University Press.

[57] Timothy, D. J. (2011). Cultural Heritage and Tourism: An Introduction. Bristol: Channel View Publications.

[58] Tulla, A. F. (1993). Procés de transformació agrària en àrees rurals de muntanya: Lesexplotacions de producció lletera com a motor de canvi a les comarques de la Cerdanya, el Capcir, l’Alt Urgell i el Principat d’Andorra. Barcelona: Institut Cartogràfic de Catalunya.

[59] Tulla, A. F., Pallarès-Barberà, M. & Vera, A. (2009). Naturbanization and Local Development in the Mountain Areas of the Catalan Pyrenees. In: Prados, M. J., ed., Naturbanization: New Identities and Processes for Rural-Natural Areas (pp. 75–92). London: Taylor and Francis Group.

[60] Tulla, A. F., Stoica, I. V., Pallarès-Blanch, M. & Zafir, D. (2017). Can Naturbanization Promote Environmentally Friendly Built-Up Areas? A Comparison between Cadí-Moixeró (Catalonia, Spain) and Comana (Romania) Natural Parks European Countryside, 9(4), 679–708. DOI: 10.1515/euco-2017-0039.

[61] Tulla, A. F., Vera, A., Valldeperas, N. & Guirado, C. (2018). Social return and economic viability of social farming in Catalonia; A case – study analysis, European Countryside 10(3), 398–428. DOI: 10.2478/euco-2018-0023.

[62] Vera, A., Badia, A. & Tulla, A. F. (2011). Desarrollo local en el Pirineo Catalán. Impulso económico y uso sostenible del territorio. Finisterra 46(92), 5–23. DOI: 10.18055/Finis1308.

[63] Viladomiu, L., Rosell, J. & Francés, C. (2010). Factores determinantes de la participación de la mujer como promotores de proyectos LEADER. Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, 226: 177–206.

[64] Wearing, S., Wearing, M. & McDonald, M. (2012). Slow’n Down the Town to Let Nature Grow: Ecotourism, Social Justice and Sustainability. In Fullagar, S., Markwell, K. & Wilson, E., eds., Slow Tourism: Experiences and Mobilities (pp. 36–50). Bristol: Chanel View Publications.

[65] Wight, P. (1998). Tools for Sustainability Analysis in Planning and Managing Tourism and Recreation in the Destination. In Hall, C. M. & Lew, A. A., eds., Sustainable Tourism: A Geographical Perspective (pp. 75–91). Harlow (UK), Longman Ltd.

[66] Woods, M. (2011). Rural. London and New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.

[67] Zasada, I. (2011). Multifunctional Peri-Urban Agriculture – A Review of Societal Demands and the Provision of Goods and Services by Farming. Land Use Policy, 28(4), 639–648. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2011.01.008.

European Countryside

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno

Journal Information


CiteScore 2018: 0.85

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.288
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.651

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 142 142 27
PDF Downloads 114 114 27