Regional identity: a key to overcome structural weaknesses in peripheral rural regions?

Open access

Regional identity: a key to overcome structural weaknesses in peripheral rural regions?

Depopulation is a well-known phenomenon in peripheral rural regions. The most identified problems are based on structural weaknesses in terms of decreasing business activities and a lack of public infrastructure. In such regions population is mainly older causing major changes in social infrastructure. For instance many schools and kindergartens close down for lack of demand, which hinders young families to migrate to such regions. The result is typically a negative cumulative process of loss of population, loss of jobs, loss of infrastructure, further outmigration. It is an enormous challenge for such regions to overcome this vicious circle. Regional identity can be seen as an important factor to overcome such structural weaknesses. The paper will discuss the concept of regional identity in order to define the term and how it is embedded in regional development theory. The empirical analysis is presenting results focusing on regional identity coming out of a qualitative data analysis and a postal survey. We designed a regional identity index, which measures the intensity of personal and social relationships of both in-migrants and out-migrants.

Amin, A. (1999). An institutionalist perspective on regional development. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 23 (2), 365-378.

Amin, A. (2002). Spatialities of Globalisation. Environment and Planning A 34, 385-399.

Amin, A. & Thrift, N. (1992). Neo-Marshallian nodes in global networks. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 16, 571-587.

Andersson, A. (1985). Creativity and Regional Development. Papers of the Regional Science Association 56, 5-20.

ARL (2005). Handwörterbuch der Raumordnung. 4. neu bearbeitete Auflage. Hannover: Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung,.

Aydalot, Ph. (1986). Milieux Innovateurs en Europe. Paris: GREMI.

Aydalot, Ph. & Keeble, D. (1988). High Technology Industry and Innovative Environments: The European Experience. London: Routledge.

Baron, S., Field, J. & Schuller, T. (Eds.) (2000). Social Capital. Critical Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bausinger, H. (1980). Heimat und Identität. In Moosmann, E. (Hrsg.), Heimat, Sehnsucht nach Identität, Ästetik und Kommunikation (pp. 13-20), Berlin.

Blotevogel, H.H., Heinritz, G. & Popp, H. (1989). Regionalbewusstsein. Zum Stand der Diskussion um einen Stein des Anstoßes. Geographische Zeitschrift 77 (2), 65-88.

Brenner, N. (2001). The Limits to Scale? Methodological Reflections on Scalar Structuration. Progress in Human Geography 25, 591-614.

Camagni, R. (1991). Space, Networks and Technical Change: An Evolutionary Approach. Belhaven, London: GREMI.

Crevoisier, O. (1993). Spatial Shifts and the Emergence of Innovative Milieux: The Case of the Jura Region between 1960 and 1990. Environment and Planning C 11, 419-430.

Deas, I. & Lord, A. (2006). From a New Regionalism to an Unusual Regionalism? The Emergence of Non-standard Regional Spaces and Lessons for the Territorial Reorganisation of the State. Urban Studies 43 (10), 1847-1877.

Derenbach, R. (1988). Regionales Entwicklungsbewußtsein und Handlungsbereitschaft. Modelle, Konzepte und instrumentelle Konsequenzen. Raumforschung und Raumordnung 5-6, 258-264.

DiMaggio, P. (1990). Cultural Aspects of Economic Action and organization. In Friedland, R. & Robertson, A., (Eds), Beyond the marketplace (pp. 113-36), New York: de Gruyter.

Dobson, A. (2007). Environmental citizenship: towards sustainable development. Sustainable Development 15, 276-285.

Donaldson, A. (2006). Performing regions: territorial development and cultural politics in a Europe of the regions. Environment and Planning A 38(11), 2075-2092.

Edwards, B. & Foley, M. (1997). Social Capital and the Political Economy of Our Discontent. American Behavioral Scientist 40(5), 669-678.

European Commission (2006). Synthesis of mid-term evaluations of LEADER+ Programmes. Final report, Brussels.

Fromhold-Eisebith, M. (2004). Innovative Milieu and Social Capital - Complementary or Redundant Concepts of Collaboration-based Regional Development? European Planning Studies 12 (6), 747-765.

Fukuyama, F. (2000). Social Capital and Civil Society. Washington DC: International Monetary Fund. (IMF Working Paper WP/00/74)

Goldstein, H. (1991). Growth centre vs. endogenous development strategies: The case of research parks. In Bergman, E.M., Maier, G. & Tödtling, F. (Eds.), Regions reconsidered. Economic Networks, Innovation, and local development in industrialized countries (pp. 241-263). London: F.Mansell Publishing Limited.

Hess, M. (2004). ‘Spatial’ relationships? Towards a reconceptualization of embeddedness. Progress in Human Geography 28 (2), 165-186.

Ipsen, D. (1993). Regionale Identität. Überlegungen zum politischen Charakter einer psychosozialen Raumkategorie. Raumforschung und Raumordnung (1), 9-18.

Keating, M. (1998a). The new regionalism in Western Europe: Territorial restructuring and political change. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Keating, M. (1998b). Is there a regional level of government in Europe? In P. LeGalès & Ch. Lequesne Eds.). Regions in Europe (pp. 11-29), New York: Routledge.

Keating, M. (2003). The invention of regions: political restructuring and territorial government in Western Europe. In N. Brenner, B. Jessop, M. Jones & G. MacLeod (Eds.), State/Space. A Reader (pp. 256-277), Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

Keating, M. (ed.) (2004). Regions and regionalism in Europe. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Lafferty, W. M. (ed.) (2004). Governance for sustainable development. The challenge of adapting form to function. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Lovering, J. (1999). Theory led by Policy: the Inadequacies of the, new regionalism'. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 23, 379-396.

Lukesch, R. (2007). The LAG-handbook - a guide through the stunning world of local action groups. Retrieved August 28, 2008 from http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/rur/leaderplus/pdf/library/methodology/lukesch_handbook.pdf

MacLeod, G. (2001). New Regionalism reconsidered: globalization and the remaking of political economic space. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 25, 804-829.

MacLeod, G. & Jones, M. (2001). Renewing the geography of regions. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 19, 669-695.

Maillat, D. (1991). The Innovation Process and the Role of the Milieu. In Bergman, E., Maier, G., Tödtling, F. (Eds.). Regions Reconsidered. Economic Networks, Innovation, and Local Development in Industrialized Countries (pp. 103-118), London and New York: Mansell.

Malecki, E.J. (1987). The R&D Location Decision of the Firm and "Creative" Regions. Technovation 6, 205-222.

Markusen, A. (1999). Fuzzy Concepts, Scanty Evidence, Policy Distance: the Case for Rigour and policy relevance in critical regional studies. Regional Studies 33 (9), 869-884.

OECD (2002). Improving policy coherence and integration for sustainable development. A checklist. Retrieved September 24, 2008 from OECD Observer: http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/61/19/2763153.pdf

OECD (2007). Institutionalising sustainable development. Paris: OECD.

Paasi, A. (1991). Deconstructing regions: notes on the scales of spatial life. Environment and Planning A 23 (1991), 239-256.

Paasi, A. (2002a). Bounded spaces in the mobile world: deconstructing ‘regional identity’. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 93 (2), 137-148.

Paasi, A. (2002b). Place and region: regional worlds and words. Progress in Human Geography 26 (6), 802-811.

Paasi, A. (2004). Place and region: Looking through the Prism of Scale. Progress in Human Geography 28 (4), 536-546.

Putnam, R. D. (1993). Making Democracy Work. Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Putnam, R. D. (2001). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster Publishing.

Ratti, R., Bramanti, A. & Gordon, R. (Eds.) (1997). The Dynamics of Innovative Regions: The GREMI Approach. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Ray, Ch. (1999). Endogenous Development in the Era of Reflexive Modernity. Journal of Rural Studies 15 (3), 257-267.

Robertson, R. (1992). Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture. London: Sage.

Roca, Z. & Oliveira-Roca, M. (2007). Affirmation of territorial identity: A Development Policy Issue. Land Use Policy 24, 434-442.

Rose, G. (1995). Place and identity: a sense of place. In: D. Massey & P. Jess (Eds.), In A place in the world? (pp. 87-132). New York: Oxford University Press.

Schuller, T. (2007). Reflections on the Use of Social Capital. Review of Social Economy LXV (1), 11-28.

Stockdale, A. (2002). Towards a typology of out-migration from peripheral areas: a Scottish case study. International Journal of Population Geography 8, 345-364.

Stockdale, A. (2006). Migration: Pre-requisite for rural economic regeneration? Journal of Rural Studies 22, 354-366.

Stockdale, A., Findlay A. & Short, D. (2000). The repopulation of rural Scotland: opportunity and threat. Journal of Rural Studies 16, 243-257.

Stöhr, W. (1987). Regional innovation complexes. Papers of the Regional Science Association, Vol. 59, 29-44.

Storper, M. (1997). The Regional World: Territorial Development in a Global Economy. New York: Guilford Press.

Tödtling, F. (1990). Räumliche Differenzierung betrieblicher Innovation - Erklärungsansätze und empirische Befunde für österreichische Regionen. Berlin: Edition Sigma.

Van Huijstee, M. M., Francken, M. & Leroy, P. (2007). Partnerships for sustainable development: a review of current literature. Environmental Sciences 4 (2), 75-89.

Van Staveren, I. and Knorringa, P. (2007). Unpacking Social Capital in Economic Development: How Social Relations Matter. Review of Social Economy LXV (1), 107-135.

Voß, J.-P., Bauknecht, D. And Kemp, R. (Eds.) (2006). Reflexive governance for sustainable development. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Weichart, P. (1989). Regionale Identität - ein sinnvoller Forschungsansatz für die Humangeographie? In E. Aufhauser, R. Giffinger und G. Hatz (Hrsg.), Regionalwissenschaftliche Forschung. Fragestellungen einer empirischen Disziplin, Mitteilungen des Arbeitskreises für Regionalforschung Vol. 19, S. 371-378, Wien.

Weichart, P. (1990). Raumbezogene Identität - Bausteine zu einer Theorie räumlichsozialer Kognition und Identifikation. Schriftenreihe für Forschung und Praxis, Stuttgart.

Werthmöller, E. (1995). Räumliche Identität als Aufgabenfeld des Städte- und Regionenmarketing. Ein Beitrag zur Fundierung des Placemarketing. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Verlag.

European Countryside

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.78

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.265
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.607

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 140 140 29
PDF Downloads 57 57 18