One Rural, two Visions — Environmental Issues and Images on Rural Areas in Portugal

Open access

One Rural, two Visions — Environmental Issues and Images on Rural Areas in Portugal

In recent years rural areas, specially the most peripheral and remote ones, have become increasingly perceived and identified as spaces of outstanding environmental quality. This relatively new function of the rural, while widely recognized both socially and institutionally, is to some extent strange to local residents to whom the natural resources and the environmental aspects are mainly perceived from an utilitarian perspective. The exteriority of the measures and policies to preserve rural environment tends to place remote rural areas in a new subaltern position. Correspondingly, the social and institutional construction of rural areas as environmental reserves tends to create a new rural-urban dichotomy which may have important repercussions in terms of the future directions of rural development processes. We aim to discuss the abovementioned aspects, based on empirical evidence from two Portuguese rural areas. We conclude that there are two different visions about the rural — the rural to visit and the rural to live - conveyed respectively by the urban residents and the State and by the local inhabitants.

BELL, D. (1997). Anti-idyll: rural horror. In P. Cloke, & J. Little (Eds.): Contested Countryside: Otherness, Marginalisation and Rurality (pp. 94-108). London: Routledge.

BUTLER, R.H.; HALL, C.M. & JENKINS, J.M. (1998). Introduction. In R. H Butler, C.M. Hall & J.M. Jenkins (Eds.), Tourism and Recreation in Rural Areas (pp. 3-15). Chichester: John Willey&Sons

BUTLER, R.H. & HALL, C.M. (1998). Image and reimaging of rural areas. In: R. H Hitler & C.M. Hall (Eds.), Tourism and Recreation in Rural Areas (pp. 115-122). Chichester: John Willey&Sons.

CAVACO, C. (1993). O Mundo Rural em Portugal. In O Programa de Desenvolvimento Regional e o Mundo Rural. Lisbon: MPAT/MAP.

CHAMBOREDON, J.C. (1980). Les usages urbains de l'espace rural: du moyen de production au lieu de recreation. Revue Française de Sociologie. 21, 97-119.

COMOLET, A. (1990). Déprise agricole et avenir de l'espace rural. Futuribles. 140, 23-40.

CUDWORTH, E. (2003). Environment and Society. London: Routledge.

DUNLAP, R.E. & BEUS, C.E. (1992a). Understanding public concerns about pesticides: an empirical examination. The Journal of Consumer Affairs, 26(2), 418-438.

DUNLAP, R.E. & BEUS, C.E. (1992b). What is sustainable agriculture? An empirical examination of faculty and farmer definitions. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 3(1), 5-39.

DUNLAP, R.E. & BEUS, C.E. (1994). Agricultural paradigms and the pratice of agriculture. Rural Sociology, 59(4), 620-635.

FIGUEIREDO, E. (2002). A rural to live, a rural to visit: visitor's and inhabitant's perceptions of the environment in two Portuguese rural areas. In Proceedings of the Fifth IFSA Symposium on Farming and Rural Systems Research and Extension — Local Identities and Globalization (pp. 272-285). Firenze: Facoltà di Agraria — Università degli Studi di Firenze/CeSAI/Instituto Agronómico per l'Oltremare.

FIGUEIREDO, E. (2003). Um Rural para Viver, Outro para Visitar — o Ambiente nas Estratégias de Desenvolvimento para as Áreas Rurais. PhD Thesis, University of Aveiro, Portugal.

FIGUEIREDO, E. (2008a). Imagine there's no Rural - the transformation of rural spaces into places of nature conservation in Portugal. European Urban and Regional Studies. 15(2), 159-171.

FIGUEIREDO, E. (2008b). ¿Cómo Proteger a las Personas en las Áreas Protegidas? El medio ambiente como vulnerabilidad en dos áreas protegidas portuguesas. Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, (in press).

GILG, A. (1991). Countryside Planning Policies for the 1990's. Wallingford: CAB International.

HALFACREE, K. (1993). Locality and social representation: space, discourse and alternative definitions of the rural. Journal of Rural Studies. 9, 1-15.

HALFACREE, K. (1995). Talking about rurality: social representations of the rural as expressed by residents of six English parishes. Journal of Rural Studies. 11, 1-20.

HALFACREE, K. (1997). Contrasting roles for the post-productivist countryside: a postmodern perspective on counterurbanisation. In P. Cloke & J. Little (Eds.), Contested countryside: otherness, marginalisation and rurality (pp. 109-122). London: Routledge.

JOLLIVET, M. (1994). Bilan des Recherches en Sciences Sociales sur les Problemes d'Environnement en Millieu Rural dans les Pays Européens. Paris: CNRS (LDSRE).

JOLLIVET, M. (1997b). Les métamorphoses d'un rural incertain. In M. Jollivet (Ed.), Vers un Rural Postindustriel — Rural et Environnement en Huit Pays Européens (pp. 351-371). Paris: L'Harmattan.

KAYSER, B. (1990). La Renaissance Rural — Sociologies des Campagnes du Monde Occidental. Paris: Armand Colin

KING, R. (1992). Heterogeneity of rural areas: posing the strategic issues. In M. O'Cinneide & M. Cuddy (Eds.), Perspectives on Rural Development in Advanced Economies (pp. 37-50). Galway: University College.

LOWE, P. (1992). Industrial agriculture and environmental regulation. Sociologia Ruralis. 32(1), 4-10.

LUGINBUHL, Y. (1991). Le paysage rural. Études Rurales. 121-124, 27-44.

MACNAGHTEN, P. & URRY, J. (1998). Contested natures. London: Sage.

MATHIEU, N. & JOLLIVET, M. (1989). De la question de la nature à la question de l'environnement — réperes anciens pour des questions nouvelles. In N. Mathieu & M. Jollivet (Eds.), Du Rural à l'Environnement — La Question de la Nature Aujourd'hui (pp. 11-22) Paris: l'Harmattan.

MELO, A. (1992). Education and training for rural development. In M. O'Cinneide & M. Cudy (Eds.), Perspectives on Rural Development in Advanced Economies (pp. 199-208). Galway: University College.

MORMONT, M. (1990). Who is rural? Or how to be rural? Towards a sociology of the rural. In T. MARSDEN et al, Rural Restructuring — Global Processes and Their Responses pp.21-44. London: David Fulton.

MORMONT, M. (1994a). La agricultura en el espacio rural europeo. Agricultura y Sociedad. 71, 17-49.

MORMONT, M. (1994b). La place de l'environnement dans les strategies de developpement rural en Europe. Territoires d'Europe, Vol. II — Elements Fonctionnels de Strategies Regionales en Faveur du Monde Rural (pp. 135-155). Brest: CEDRE.

NEWBY, H. (1985). The Green and Pleasant Land? — Social Change in Rural England. London: Wildwood House.

PERNET, F. (1994). Le système rural localisé comme outil des politiques regionales. Territoires d'Europe — Vol. II — Elements Fonctionnels de Strategies Regionales en Faveur du Monde Rural (pp. 157-172). Brest: CEDRE.

PHILLIPS, M., FISH, R. & AGG, J. (2001): Putting together ruralities: towards a symbolic analysis of rurality in the British mass media. Journal of Rural Studies, 17, 1-21.

PINET, J-M. (1984). Risques liées aux activités agricoles. In J. THEYS, J. (Ed.), Les Politique de l'Environnement face à la Crise (pp. 86-97). Paris: Germes,.

RAMOS-REAL, E. (1995). De la crisis a la regeneracion rural. In Actas do III Colóquio Hispano-Portuguěs de Estudos Rurais (pp. 125-149). Lisbon: SPER.

SAINTENY, G. (1992). La crise du monde rural, la nature et l'impôt. Futuribles, 170, 21-39.

SHUCKSMITH, M. et al. (2006). First European Quality of Life Survey: Urban-rural Differences. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

The Future of Rural Society (1988). Bulletin of the European Communities, 4/88, Brussels.

WOODS, M. (2003). Conflicting environmental visions of the rural: windfarm development in Mid Wales. Sociologia Ruralis, 43(3), 271-288.

European Countryside

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.78

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.265
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.607

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 169 169 34
PDF Downloads 86 86 15