New Rules for Acquisition of Agricultural Land – – Case of Slovakia / Nové Pravidlá Pre Nadobúdanie Vlastníctva K Poľnohospodárskej Pôde – – Prípad Slovenska

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Abstract

The paper analysis the development of the legal regulations of the currency law related to the acquisition of the land by the foreigners and the new legal regulation no. 140/2014 Coll. on the acquisition of the ownership to the agricultural land which entered into force on June, 1st, 2014 and to limit not only the rights of foreigners but also the rights of the Slovak residents as well. According to this law the owner of the agricultural land in Slovakia may, without further restrictions, transfer the agricultural land only to (a) a buyer who has been active in the food business or exercises agricultural activity („Farmer“) in the municipality where the agricultural land is situated for at least three years prior to the transfer; (b) the existing co-owner of the agricultural land; or (c) persons related to the owner, in the event that the owner is a natural person

Abstrakt

Príspevok analyzuje vývoj právnej úpravy devízového zákona vo vzťahu k nadobúdaniu pôdy cudzincami vrátane nového zákona č. 140/2014 Z.z. o nadobúdaní vlastníctva poľnohospodárskeho pozemku a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov, ktorý vstúpil do platnosti 1. Júna 2014. Tento zákon neobmedzuje len nadobúdanie pôdy cudzincami, ale aj občanmi Slovenska. Na základe zákona, vlastník poľnohospodárskej pôdy na Slovensku je oprávnený bez ďalších obmedzení previesť pozemok do vlastníctva (a) osobe, ktorá vykonáva poľnohospodársku výrobu ako podnikanie najmenej tri roky predo dňom uzavretia zmluvy o prevode vlastníctva poľnohospodárskeho pozemku v obci, v ktorej sa poľnohospodársky pozemok nachádza, (b) spoluvlastníkovi poľnohospodárskeho pozemku, (c) príbuznej osobe, v prípade, že vlastníkom je fyzická osoba.

References

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EU agrarian Law

The Journal of Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra

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