Seasonal Work in Hungary in the Light of Seasonal Work Directive / Sezónna Práca V Maďarsku Vo Svetle Smernice Pre Sezónnu Prácu

Vera Ács 1
  • 1 Szeged University, Hungary


The Seasonal Work Directive forms part of the EU’s sectoral immigration policy, as there is a permanent need for unskilled labour within the EU. The Directive introduces the common admission standards with simplifi ed entry procedures and the prospect of returning in a subsequent season in the sectors which are identifi ed seasonal - most notably agriculture, horticulture and tourism - where work undertaken mostly by third country nationals. As safeguards against economic and social exploitation the Directive also establishes a common set of rights to which third country seasonal workers are entitled during their stay, which, at the same time, also protects EU citizens who are seasonal workers from unfair competition. Today, Hungary is not a target country for seasonal employment. The Directive not only gives an obligation to the Member States but also gives a good chance to make their country more attractive for temporary migration

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  • 1. FUDGE, J. - HERZFELD OLSSON, P., 2014. The EU seasonal workers Directive: When Immigration Controls Meet Labour Rights, European Journal of Migration and Law, 16 (2014) 465.

  • 2. National Labour Offi ce. 2013. Report on the main features of the foreigners working in Hungary in 2013. [A kulfoldi munkavallalok magyarorszagi munkavallalasanak főbb sajatossagai 2013-ban], [available online] <>.

  • 3. Act II of 2007 on entry and stay of third county nationals [A harmadik orszagbeli allampolgarok beutazasarol es tartozkodasarol szolo 2007. evi II. torveny].

  • 4. Act I of 2012 on the Labor Code adopted by Parliament on 13 December 2011.

  • 5. Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001.

  • 6. Council Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council (Schengen Borders Code).

  • 7. Council Regulation (EC) No 810/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council (Visa Code).

  • 8. Decree of Minister for Economy No 30/2000 (IX.15.) on labour market services and labour market supports [a munkaerőpiaci szolgaltatasokrol, valamint az azokhoz kapcsolodoan nyujthato tamogatasokrol szolo 30/2000. (IX. 15.) GM rendelet].

  • 9. Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the recognition of professional qualifi cations.

  • 10. Directive 2009/50/EC of 25 May 2009 on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of highly qualifi ed employment, OJ L 155/17, 18.6.2009.

  • 11. Directive 2011/98/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on a single application procedure for a single permit for third-country nationals to reside and work in the territory of a Member State and on a common set of rights for third-country workers legally residing in a Member State, OJ L 343/1 23.12.2011.

  • 12. Directive 2014/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on the conditions of entry and stay of third-country nationals for the purposes of employment as seasonal workers.

  • 13. Directive 2014/66/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals in the framework of an intra- corporate transfer, OJ L 157/1 27.5.2014.

  • 14. Government Decree No 445/2013. (XI.28.) on the employment of third country nationals not on the basis of single procedure and permit [A harmadik orszagbeli allampolgarok magyarorsza- gi foglalkoztatasanak nem osszevont kerelmezesi eljaras alapjan tortenő engedelyezeseről, az engedelyezesi kotelezettseg aloli mentessegről, a fővarosi es megyei kormanyhivatal munkaugyi kozpontjanak az osszevont kerelmezesi eljarasban valo szakhatosagi kozreműkodeseről, valamint a Magyarorszagon engedelymentesen foglalkoztathato harmadik orszagbeli allampolgarok magyarorszagi foglalkoztatasanak bejelenteseről, es a munkaber megteriteseről szolo 445/2013. (XI. 28.) Korm. rendelet].


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