Spirit and Limits of The European and French (New?) Approach on Production Contracts, Interbranch and Producers Organisations

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Abstract

From the Single CMO Regulation (Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 of 22 October 2007 establishing a common organization of agricultural markets and on specific provisions for certain agricultural products), the European common law is looking for a new challenge when the French law has been already partially reformed (Law n° 2010 - 874 of 27th of July 2010 and Décret n° 2010 - 1753 of 30th of December 2010). In both cases, Legislators would like to firstly fight against the dispersion of organizing farmer’s concentration in front of food processors (agro processing industry) and supermarkets (food distribution sector); secondly, they try to make the contracts more transparent requiring writing forms. Thus, it deals with the way farmers (farmers or producers Organizations) organize their relationships: what are the opportunities and limitations, what are the new points and specificities in this institutional law? It also deals with contracts requirements, options and freedom the partners may have. Overall this paper may represent a way to think about the meanings and the spirit of the common organization of agricultural markets reform: will it be the good answer face to the successive agricultural economic crises; it is not sure...

Résumé

Depuis l’OCM unique, le droit communautaire (règlement 1234/2007, COM(2010)728, PAC 2020) cherche sa voie alors que le droit français a déjà été partiellement réformé (Loi no 2010 - 874 du 27 juillet 2010, Décret no 2010 - 1753 du 30 décembre 2010). Dans les deux cas, les législateurs cherchent d’une part à éviter la dispersion en organisant la concentration des producteurs agricoles faces aux centrales et circuits de distribution, d’autre part à rendre les relations entre partenaires plus transparentes par le biais de contrats écrits. Il s’agit donc d’observer en premier lieu comment profession agricole s’organisent (organisations de producteurs), quels sont les avantages et les limites, les éventuelles nouveautés ou particularités de ce droit que l’on pourrait qualifier d’institutionnel. En second lieu, il faut s’intéresser aux modalités contractuelles proposées, aux clauses obligatoires et aux options offertes aux cocontractants. L’ensemble de ces recherches devrait permettre de réfléchir au sens et à l’esprit de la réforme de l’organisation commune de marché et des relations contractuelles au sein des organisations de producteurs: est-ce une bonne réponse aux crises agricoles successives; ce n’est pas certain…

References
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EU agrarian Law

The Journal of Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra

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