An Analysis of the Relationship Between Job Satisfaction and Employee Engagement

Anton Vorina 1 , Miro Simonič 2 , and Maria Vlasova 3
  • 1 School of Economics, Higher Vocational College, , Celje, Slovenia
  • 2 Faculty of Commercial and Business Sciences, , Celje, Slovenia
  • 3 Faculty of Economics, Russian Customs Academy, , Moscow, Russian Federation


This paper examines the relationship between employee engagement and job satisfaction. People spend most of their time at work, and their motivation is considered to be an important factor for job performance. Enthusiastic employees, who focus their efforts on achieving their companies′ goals are a key competitive advantage in the modern world. The effect of employee engagement on business performance has been studied by various experts. They found out the similar conclusion: “the more enthusiastic the workers are, the better operating results they achieve for the company”. An occasional sample of 594 respondents who are employed in the public and non-public sector in Slovenia was used for the purpose of this study. The main goal of the research is to determine whether (and how) the employee engagement influences job satisfaction. A written survey was conducted from 4 January 2016 to 14 March 2016. IBM SPSS 20 was used for the statistical analysis. The results confirm that the relationship between employee engagement and job satisfaction is positive and statistically significant (5 % significance level), based on the linear regression F (1, 583) =296.14, p-value = 0.000, R-square = 0.337. The results also show that there is no statistically significant difference between employee engagement and gender and there is no statistically significant difference between job satisfaction and gender.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Barling, J., Kelloway, E. K. and Iverson, R. D. (2003). Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol 88(2), Apr 2003, 276-283.

  • Brief, A. P., &Weiss, H. M. (2002). Organizational behavior: Affect in the workplace. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 279-307.

  • Employee Engagement Research Report Update-January 2013, Retrieved from:, Accessed on 30March 2016.

  • Employee Engagement, Retrieved from:, Accessed on 10April 2016.

  • Kahn, W. A. (1990). Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at work. Academy of Management Journal, 33 (4), 692-724.

  • Fleisher, C., Khapova, N. S. in Jansen, P. G. W. (2014) "Effects of employees’ career competencies development on their organizations: Does satisfaction matter?",Career Development International, 19 (6), 700-717.

  • Grandey, A. (2000). Emotion regulation in the workplace: A new way to conceptualize emotional labor. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(1), 95-110.

  • Harter, J. K., Schmidt, F. L., & Hayes, T. L. (2002). Business-unit-level relationship between employee satisfaction, employee engagement, and business outcomes: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(2), 268-279.

  • Harter, J. K., Schmidt, F. L., Killham, E. A., &Asplund, J. W. (2006).Q12 Meta- Analysis.Retrieved from:

  • Judge, T. A. in Bono, J. E. (2001).Relationshipofcoreself-evaluations traits-self-esteem, generalizedself-efficacy, locusofcontrol, and emotional stability- withjobsatisfactionandjobperformance: A meta-analysis. American Psychological Association, 86.

  • Landy, F. J. in Conte, J. M. (2007). Work in the 21st Century. An Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Personal Psychology, 61 (2), 447-450.

  • Lee, T. Y. (2006). Expectations of employees toward the workplace and environmental satisfaction, Facilities, 24 (9/10), 343-353.

  • Maslach, C., Schaufelli, W. B. and Leiter, M. P. (2001) Job burnout. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 397-422.

  • Pogačnik, V. (2002).Lestvicaosebnihvrednot. Ljubljana: Center zapsihodiagnostičnasredstva.

  • Q12® Meta-Analysis. The Relationship between Engagement at Work and Organizational Outcomes, Retrieved from:,Accessed on 14April 2016.

  • Rathi, N. (2011). Psychological Well-Being and Organizational Commitment: Exploration of the Relationship. Working Paper No.106/2011, Retrieved from:, Accessed on 6 August 2016.

  • Roethlisberger, F. J., & Dickson, W. J. (1939). Management and the Worker: An Account of a Research Program Conducted by the Western Electric Company. Chicago: Cambridge, Mass: Harward University Press.

  • Saks, A. M. (2006). Antecedents and consequences of employee engagement. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21 (7), 600-619.

  • Semih T. in Tugba Z., (2016).Social interactions in job satisfaction", International Journal of Manpower, 37 (3), 426-455.

  • Shanmuga, P., &Vijayadurai, J. ( 2014). Employee Engagement in Organisations. European Journal of Business and Management(Department of Management studies, BharathNiketan Engineering College, Andipatty), Vol. 6, No. 34.

  • Schaufeli, W.B., Bakker, A.B. and Salanova, M. (2006). The measurement of work engagement with a short questionnaire: a cross-national study. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66 (4), 701-716.

  • Schaufeli, W.B., Salanova, M., Gonzalez-Roma, V. and Bakker, A.B. (2002). The measurement of engagement and burnout and: a confirmative analytic approach. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3, 71-92.

  • Schneider, B., Hanges, P. J., Smith, D. B., &Salvaggio, A. N. (2003). Which comes first: Employee attitudes or organizational financial and market performance? Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 836-851.

  • Smsdieta, Retrieved from:, Accessed on 14 September 2016.

  • Vorina, A. (2013). The relationship between satisfaction with life and employee engagement. Journal of Process Management - New Technologies, International, 1 (2), 77-81.

  • Vorina, A., David, K. and VrabičVukotić, A. (2013).The relationship between the development of the ict competencies and employee engagement.Vesnik, 2 (1), 37-50.

  • Warr, P., &Inceoglu, I. (Apr 2012). Job engagement, job satisfaction, and contrasting associations with person-job fit. Journal of Occupational Health Psyhology, Vol 17(2), 129-138.


Journal + Issues