The Niger Delta of Nigeria rich in oil and gas resources has been plagued with series of armed conflicts characterised by massive youth restiveness. The peaceful coexistence of people in the region is often affected by the nature of oil and gas business determined by the political economy of the Nigerian state. By the statute of the Federal system of Government in Nigeria, all resources within the territorial boundary of the country belong to the Federal Government. The Government then pays a certain 13% derivation fund to the resource bearing states for development. The Federal Government equally sees to the development of the region through its statutory Agencies such as the Niger Delta Development Commission. All these efforts are yet to bring about infrastructural development and human capacity needs of the region. A consequence of this is the armed militancy and cult related violence that has engulfed the region. In this paper, an attempt is made to analyse the socioeconomic requisitions of a reintegration programme for ex-offenders seeking re-entry into mainstream society. An interventionist approach is recommended with effective monitoring and evaluation system for a socioeconomic reintegration of ex-offenders in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Adewale A.R. (2011) The Political Economic and Social Dynamics of Nigeria: A Synopsis. African Institute of South Arica. (39) pp 1-8
Akukwe O. (nd). 20 Owners of Richest Oil Blocks in Nigeria- Their Names Will Shock You. Available on line at facesinternationalmagazine.org.ng/?p=2533
Clark H. & Taplin D. (2012) Theory of Change Basics: A Primer on Theory of Change. Available at http://www.theoryofchange.org/wp-content/upload/toco_library/pdf/ToCBasics.pdf
Danielle S. & Craig V. (2012). Understanding Theory of Change in International Development. Journal of Social Research and Policy Paper 1.
Hunter B.A Lanz A.S. Lawlor M. Dyson W. A & Gordon D. (2017) A Strength-Based Approach to Prisoner Reentry: The Fresh Start Prisoner Reentry Programm. Available online https://www.ncbi.nlln.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4580511/
Ibaba S. I. (2008). Alienation and Militancy in the Niger Delta: Hostage Taking and the Dilemma of the Nigerian State. African Journal on Conflict Resolution. (8) 2
Lopex M.R. Andreauli E. & Howarth (2015) Special Thematic Session “The Social Psychology of Citizenship Participation and Social Exclusion”. From Ex-combatants to Citizens: Connecting Everyday Citizenship and Social Reintegration in Colombia. Available online at oro.open.acul/43945/1/388-3031-3-PB.pdf
Maruna s. & LeBel T. (2002). Revisiting Ex-Prisoner Re-entry: A Buzzword in Search of a Narrative Cited in Rex S. and Tonry M. (eds) Reform and Punishment: The Future of Sentencing Portland: William Publishing pp 158-180
Nwogwugwu N. Alao O.E & Egwuonwu C. (2012). Militancy and Insecurity in the Niger Delta: Impact on the Inflow of Foreign Direct Investment in Nigeria. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review. (2) 2
Ojochenemi J.D. Asuelime L.E & Onapajo H. (2015) Political Economy of Nigeria. Available online at https://link.springer.com/chapter/10/1007/978-3-319-21230_3
Ojo M. O. (2015). Militia Uprising in the Niger Delta and its Implication for National Security. International Journal of Development and Sustainability 4 (9) pp 919-939
Pattoni L. (2012) Strength-Based Approaches for Working with Individuals. Available online at https://www.iriss.org.uk/resources/insights/strengths-based-approaches-working-individuas
Saleeby D. (1996) The Strenghts Perspective in Socal Work Practice: Extensions and Cautions. Social Work (41) pp 296-305
Tarila M.E & Arnim L. (2017). How Amnesty Efforts in the Niger Delta Triggered New Violence. Available online at from reliefwebnet/report/Nigeria/howamnestyeffortsinthenigeerdeltatriggerednewviolence
Ubleble B.A & Agomoh M. John. (2017). Concept Note on Ex-Militants’ Reintegration Programme in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Notes submitted to NOSDRA Abuja.
Ubleble B.A & Gbenemene K. (2017). Cognitive Development in Children and Environmental Leadership Project for Sustainable Development in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. International Journal of Innovative Psychology and Social Development. 5 (4) pp 21-33