Social capital supports toward participating in political activities in democratic countries. This study tries to examine the relation between social capital and political participation in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Sylhet Sadar Upazila (sub-district) of north-eastern Bangladesh. A total of 100 respondents - who are above 23 years of age - were selected by using systematic random sampling technique for a face-to-face interview. Chi-square test and Fisher Exact test were applied to measure the association between social capital dimensions and political participation. The results show that social networks, civic participation, norms of reciprocity and social trusts are significantly associated with political participation in Bangladesh. This result suggests that social capital may have an effect towards an increment of a political participation in Bangladesh.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Ahamed Emajuddin (2015 27 October): Democracy in Bangladesh: Prospects and Problems Daily Sun. Retrieved from http://www.daily-sun.com/arcprint/details/86261/Democracy-in-Bangladesh:-Prospects-and-Problems/2015-10-27.
Bäck M. & Christensen H. S. (2011). Social trust and Political Participation–A multilevel analysis of 25 European democracies. Working paper.
Bourdieu P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. G. Richardson (Ed.) Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education (pp. 241-258). New York: Greenwood.
Brady H. E. (1999). Political participation. Measures of political attitudes 2 737-801.
Côté S. & Healy T. (2001). The well-being of nations: The role of human and social capital. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Demirhan K. (2012). Politics in the globalization: thinking on the relations between social capital and political participation write in correct case. International Journal of Social Sciences And Humanity Studies4(1):229-238
Derose K. P. & Varda D. M. (2009). Social capital and health care access: a systematic review. Medical Care Research and Review 66(3): 272-306. doi:10.1177/1077558708330428.
Ekman J. & Amnå E. (2012). Political participation and civic engagement: Towards a new typology. Human affairs 22(3) 283-300.
Ellison N. B. Steinfield C. & Lampe C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook “friends:” Social capital and college students’ use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication 12(4) 1143-1168.
Farris E. M. & Holman M. R. (2014). Social capital and solving the puzzle of Black women’s political participation. Politics Groups and Identities 2(3) 331-349.
Hassan R. & Birungi P. (2011). Social capital and poverty in Uganda. Development Southern Africa 28(1) 19-37.
Häuberer J. (2010). Social capital theory: Towards a methodological foundation. Springer Science & Business Media.
Inamasu K. & Ikeda K. I. (2008). The effect of gendered social capital on political participation: Using the Position Generator method on the JES3 Dataset. In a conference on social capital held at Academia Sinica Taipei Taiwan.
Islam M. S. & Alam M. S. (2014). Social Capital and Mental Health: Results from a Cross-Sectional Study in Bangladesh. Asian Social Science 10(2) 118.
Iisakka L. (2006). Social capital and trust. Social Capital in Finland: Statistical Review. Statistics Finland Helsinki. 23-32.
Kim J. Y. (2005). “Bowling together” isn’t a cure-all: The relationship between social capital and political trust in South Korea. International Political Science Review 26(2) 193-213.
Krishna A. (2002). Enhancing political participation in democracies: what is the role of social capital? Comparative Political Studies 35(4) 437-460.
Kuenzi M. T. (2008). Social capital and political trust in West Africa. Afro barometer Working paper 96 1-32.
La Due Lake R. & Huckfeldt R. (1998). Social capital social networks and political participation. Political Psychology 19(3) 567-584.
Lowndes V. (2004). Getting on or getting by? Women social capital and political participation. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations 6(1) 45-64.
McClurg S. D. (2003). Social networks and political participation: The role of social interaction in explaining political participation. Political research quarterly 56(4) 449-464.
Milbrath L. W. La Goel M. (1977). Political Participation. How and Why People Get Involved in Politics. Chicago: Rand McNally
Nygård M. Nyqvist F. Steenbeek W. & Jakobsson G. (2015). Does social capital enhance political participation of older adults? A multi-level analysis of older Finns and Swedes. Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy 31(3) 234-254.
Obst P. Smith S. G. & Zinkiewicz L. (2002). An exploration of sense of community Part 3: Dimensions and predictors of psychological sense of community in geographical communities. Journal of community psychology 30(1) 119-133.
Pahad E. (2005). Political participation and civic engagement. Progressive Politics 4(2) 24.
Putnam R. D. (1995). Bowling alone: American civic engagement. A Progressive Journal of Democracy6(1)65-78
Sarker M. M. & Islam M. S. (2014). Social Capital and Access to Microcredit: Evidence from Rural Bangladesh. Developing Country Studies 4(7).55-61
Skoric M. M. Ying D. & Ng Y. (2009). Bowling online not alone: Online social capital and political participation in Singapore. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 14(2) 414-433.
Sun X. Rehnberg C. & Meng Q. (2009). How are individual-level social capital and poverty associated with health equity? A study from two Chinese cities. International Journal for Equity in Health 8(1) 2.
Suh H. (2013). Correlation between Social Capital and Political Participation: Considering National Economic Political Development and Economic Inequality.
Teney C. & Hanquinet L. (2012). High political participation high social capital? A relational analysis of youth social capital and political participation. Social science research 41(5) 1213-1226.
Teorell J. (2003). Linking social capital to political participation: Voluntary associations and networks of recruitment in Sweden. Scandinavian Political Studies 26(1) 49-66.
Wagle U. R. (2006). Political participation and civic engagement in Kathmandu: an empirical analysis with structural equations. International Political Science Review 27(3) 301-322.