Submergence analysis of the proposed Ken Betwa Dam (Madhya Pradesh) India, using geospatial technology in Environmental Impact Assessments

Open access


This study has analysed the Landsat 8 OLI data (December 2016) to delineate the various land use/land cover classes of the area which will be submerged by the proposed Daudhan/Greater Gangau Dam, which is part of the proposed Ken Betwa River Link Project (in the Madhya Pradesh state of India) and also the area likely to be submerged in the Panna Tiger Reserve (PTR). The proposed area of submergence was computed at various full reservoir lengths (FRL), 278 m, 283 m, 288 m, 289 m and 293 m. Similarly the area of submergence for the Panna Tiger Reserve was computed at the mentioned FRLs. It was concluded that a large part of the Panna Tiger Reserve would be submerged and habitat of various animals and plants would be under threat. In comparison with the figures given in the Environmental Impact Assessment certain serious discrepancies and weaknesses were detected and it was felt that they should have been addressed. The results were compared with the EIA – EMP report of the Ken-Betwa link project, Phase 1, prepared by Agricultural Finance Corporation Limited for the National Water Development Agency (Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India). A proper evaluation of the negative impacts would help when making relevant decisions and appropriate steps to ensure that the loss is kept to a minimum. Safeguarding the biodiversity of forests and wildlife habitats should be the priority as their loss is irreplaceable. Geospatial technology helps in studying the overall spatial view of the proposed submergence area and the visualization gives a clear picture of the likely scenario in the future. It would assist in decision making and mitigation measures.

Anderson J.R., Hardy E.E., Roach J.T., Witman R.E. 1976. A land use land cover classification system for use with remote sensor data. US Geol. Surv. Prof. Paper, 964.

Cihlar J., Xiao Q., Chen J., Beaubien J., Fung K. And Latifovic R. 1998. Classification by progressive generalization: a new automated methodology for remote sensing multispectral data. Int. J. Remote Sens., 19: 2685–2704.

Chigbu N., Onukaogu D. 2013. Role of Geospatial Technology in Environmental Sustainability in Nigeria-An Overview. An overview. In: FIG working week 2013. Environment for sustainability. Abuja, Nigeria.

Chowdary V.M., Desai V.R., Gupta M., Jeyaram A., Murthy YVNK. 2012. Runoff Simulation Using Distributed Hydrological Modeling Approach, Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques: A Case Study from an Indian Agricultural Watershed. ISPRS-Int. Archiv. Photogram., Remote Sens. Spatial Inform. Sci., 1: 203–207.

Indian Water Resources Society (IWRS) 1996. Theme Paper on Inter-basin Transfers of Water for National Development: Problems and Perspectives. IWRS.

EIA/EMP Report. Ken-Betwa Link project Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Management Plan, Final EIA and EMP report. National Water Development Agency, (Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India). May 2015.

Krueger K., Segovia F., Toubia M. 2007. Assessment of the India River linking plan: A closer look at the Ken-Betwa pilot link. Univ. Michigan.

Lakra W.S., Sarkar U.K., Dubey V.K., Sani R., Pandey A. 2011. River inter linking in India: status, issues, prospects and implications on aquatic ecosystems and freshwater fish diversity. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish., 21, 3: 463–479. DOI:10.1007/s11160-011-9199-5.

Lillisand T.M., Kiefer R.W. 2004. Remote Sensing and image interpretation. John Wiley, New York.

Mehmood K., Patel A., Singh V., Prajapati S., Kalubarme MH., Prakash I., Gupta KP. 2014. Submergence Analysis Using Geo-Informatics Technology for Proposed Dam Reservoirs of Par-Tapi-Narmada River Link Project, Gujarat State. India Int. J. Geosci., 5: 622–633.

Journal Information


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 240 240 25
PDF Downloads 113 113 24