Assessment of urban transport – a comparative analysis of selected cities by taxonomic methods

Open access

Abstract

This paper aims to perform comparative analysis of urban transport in selected global cities and to verify the existence of clusters. It was based on data source from the World Organization Data Urban. It used Indicators proposed in ISO 37120 Sustainable Community Development.

The test procedure exploited taxonomic methods as Ward’s hierarchical analysis and the deagglomerating k-means analysis. The empirical analysis comprises four indicators: (I) high capacity public transport system, (II) light passenger public transport system, (III) annual number of public transport trips and (IV) number of personal automobiles.

Main results are the classification of selected global cities, identification and characterization of trends in the field of urban transport in each group. The empirical analysis confirms a substantial diversity of urban transport in selected cities. These differences arise from their past, geographical location, size, different reactions to the transition process and the different economic structures. The taxonomic analysis of the urban transport in selected cities separated five independent classes typological. This elaboration aims to examine the role of urban transport in city management based on a literature review, databases and reports of the European Union.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Allen J. Browne M. & Holguin-Veras J. (2015). Sustainability Strategies for City Logistics. In A. McKinnon M. Browne M. Piecyk A. Whiteing (Eds.) Green Logistics. Improving the Environmental Sustainability of Logistics (pp. 293-319). Kogan Page Publishers.

  • Bank Danych Lokalnych GUS [Local Data Bank Central Statistical Office]. (2016). Retrieved from https://bdl.stat.gov.pl/BDL/dane/podgrup/tablica

  • Bristol Accord. (2005). Retrieved from http://www.eib.org/attachments/jessica_bristol_accord_sustainable_communities.pdf

  • Chojnacka M. (2012). Kryteria i metody oceny jakości obsługi klienta w wybranych przedsiębiorstwach transportu miejskiego. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu265 65-76.

  • Czech A. & Lewczuk J. (2016). Taxonomic and econometric analysis of road transport development in Poland – the voivodship approach. Ekonomia i Zarządzanie8(3) 79-88.

  • Dobbs R. Remes J. Manyika J. Roxburgh Ch. Smit S. & Schaer F. (2012). Urban World: Cities and the Rise of the Consuming Class. McKinsey Global Institute. Retrieved from http://www.mckinsey.com/global-themes/urbanization/urban-world-cities-and-the-rise-of-the-consuming-class

  • Ejdys J. Nazarko J. Nazarko Ł. & Halicka K. (2015). Foresight application for transport sector. In M. Fiorini & J. Jia-Chon Lin (Eds.) Clean mobility and Intelligent Transport Systems (pp. 379-402). London Great Britain: The Institution of Engineering and Technology.

  • European Commission. (2013). Together towards competitive and resource-efficient urban mobility. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/urban/doc/ump/com(2013)913_en.pdf

  • Eurostat. (2016). Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database

  • Fielbaum A. Jara-Diaz S. & Gschwender A. (2016). Optimal public transport networks for a general urban structure. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological94 298-313.

  • ISO 3166. (2016). Retrieved from http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes.htm

  • ISO 37120. (2015). Sustainable Development of Communities: Indicators for City Services and Quality of Life. Retrieved from http://publicaa.ansi.org/sites/apdl/ANSI%20Network%20on%20Smart%20and%20Sustainable%20Cities/ISO+37120-2014_preview_final_v2.pdf

  • Iwan S. (2015). Zarządzanie miejskim transportem towarowym w kontekście budowania konsensusu pomiędzy zróżnicowanymi oczekiwaniami jego interesariuszy. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu383 223-235.

  • Kiba-Janiak M. (2016). Kluczowe czynniki sukcesu logistyki miejskiej z perspektywy zarządzania miastem. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu420 141-152.

  • Komisja Europejska [European Commission]. (2014). Wytyczne. Opracowywanie i wdrożenie planu zrównoważonej mobilności miejskiej [Guidelines. Development and Implementation of the Plan of Sustainable urban mobility]. Retrieved from http://www.eltis.org/sites/eltis/files/BUMP_Guidelines_PL.pdf

  • Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities. (2007). Retrieved from http://www.sarp.org.pl/pliki/karta_lipska_pl.pdf

  • Medda F. Nijkamo P. & Rietveld P. (2003). Urban Land For Transport System and City Shapes. Geographical Analysis35(1) 46-57.

  • Mingardo G. (2008). Cities and innovative urban transport policies. Innovation: Management Policy & Practice10 269-281.

  • Ministerstwo Infrastruktury i Rozwoju [The Ministry of Infrastructure and Development]. (2015). Krajowa polityka miejska 2023 [National Urban Policy 2023]. Retrieved from http://www.mr.gov.pl/media/11579/Krajowa_Polityka_Miejska_2023.pdf

  • Mucha D. (2012). Jakość życia w dużej aglomeracji miejskiej na przykładzie problemów transportowych Warszawy [Quality of life in the large urban agglomeration on the example of transport problems Warsaw]. Retrieved from http://www.siskom.waw.pl/siskom/Raport_Jakosc_zycia_a_problemy_transportowe_Wawy_Dominika_Mucha.pdf

  • Nieuwenhuijsen M. (2016). Urban and transport planning environmental exposures and health-new concepts methods and tools to improve health in cities. Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source15 161-171.

  • Paradowska M. (2012). China’s Urban Transport. Challenges and Policy Issues. Research Papers of the Wroclaw University of Economic257 125-138.

  • Pindea A. (2016). Disabilities the design of urban transport systems and the city: a situational analysis. Universitas Humanistica81 281-304.

  • Przybyłowski A. (2014). Pomiar zrównoważonego rozwoju transport w polskich województwach [Measurement of Sustainable Transport Development in Polish Voivodship]. Optimum. Studia Ekonomiczne3(69) 184-194.

  • Rzepnikowska M. Mikołajczak R. Antczak R. & Bracik A. (2014). Raport o korkach w 7 największych miastach Polski: Warszawa Łódź Wrocław Kraków Katowice Poznań Gdańsk [The Report of Traffic Jams in 7 the Largest Polish Cities: Warszawa Łódź Wrocław Kraków Katowice Poznań Gdańsk]. Deloitte Targeo. Retrieved from https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/pl/Documents/Reports/pl_Raport_koszty_korkow_najwieksze_polskie_miasta.pdf

  • Szymczak M. & Sienkiewicz-Małyjurek K. (2011). Information in the City Traffic Management System. The Analysis of the Use of Information Sources and the assessment in terms of their usefulness for City Routes users. LogForum7(2) 37-50.

  • Taylor M. (2008). Critical Transport Infrastructure in Urban Areas: Impacts of Traffic Incidents Assessed Using Accessibility-Based Network Vulnerability Analysis. Growth and Change39(4) 593-616.

  • United Nation. (2015). World urbanization prospect: the 2014 revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Revision New York. Retrieved from https://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/Publications/Files/WUP2014-Report.pdf

  • Urban Agenda for the EU Pact of Amsterdam (2016). Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/policy/themes/urban-development/agenda/pact-of-amsterdam.pdf

  • White Paper. (2011). Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a Competitive and Resource Efficient Transport System European Commission. Brussels COM144 final. Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/strategies/doc/2011_white_paper/white-paper-illustrated-brochure_pl.pdf

  • World Council on City Data Open Data Portal. (2016). Retrieved from http://open.dataforcities.org/

  • Zimon G. & Gosik B. (2015). Ocena logistyki miejskiej w zakresie transportu zbiorowego na przykładzie Tomaszowa Mazowieckiego i Rzeszowa. Modern Management Review22 197-209.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.72

Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.505

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 213 85 0
PDF Downloads 726 642 260