The paper provides an overview of the state of the art in the area of reconfigurable antennas. This emerging area has been rapidly developing in the recent years. This article brings a comprehensive summary of the high quality applied and fundamental research contributions in the above-mentioned field. A broad spectrum of topics is covered, reflecting the areas in which Institute of Radioelectronics's expertise is recognized worldwide.
C.-W. Baek, S. Song, J.-H. Park, S. Lee, J.-M. Kim, W. Choi, C. Cheon, Y.-K. Kim, and Y. Kwon, "A v-band micromachined 2-d beam-steering antenna driven by magnetic force with polymer-based hinges", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques., 51(1), 2003, pp.325-331.
C. A. Balanis. Modern Antenna Handbook, Wiley, 2008.
N. S. Barker and G. M. Rebeiz, "Optimization of distributed MEMS transmission-line phase shifters - U-band and W-band designs", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory Techniques, vol.48, no.11, pp.1957-1966, Nov. 2000.
N. Behdad and K. Sarabandi, "Dual-band reconfigurable antenna with a very wide tenability range", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 52, pp. 409-416, February 2004.
R. Bose and A. Sinha, "Tunable Patch Antenna Using a Liquid Crystal Substrate", RADAR'08, May 2008, pp.1 - 6.
C. Chekroun, "Microwave chase shifter and its application to electronic scanning", U. S. Patent, 4,320,404, February 24, 1981.
A. Dorne, R. G. Malech, and W. Statre, "Grid array antenna", U. S. Patent 3,276,023, May 21, 1963.
A. Fathy, A. Rosen, F. McGinty, G. Taylor, S. Perlow, and M. ElSherbiny, "Silicon Based Reconfigurable Antennas", in Proc. 2000 IEEE Antennas and Propagations Symposium, Salt Lake City, 2000, pp. 325-313.
A. Fathy, et al., "Silicon-based Reconfigurable Antennas - Concepts, Analysis, Implementation, and Feasibility", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 51, no. 6, pp.1650 - 1661, June, 2003.
A. Gaebler, et al., "Liquid Crystal-Reconfigurable Antenna Concepts for Space Applications at Microwave and Millimeter Waves", Hindawi Publishing Corp., International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, ID876989.
J. B. Hacker, R. E. Mihailovich, M. Kim, and J. F. DeNatale, "A Kaband 3-bit RF MEMS true-time-delay network", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory Techniques, vol. 51, no.1, pp. 305-308, January 2003.
M. J. Lancaster, J. Powell, and A. Porch. Superconductors Science Technologies, 11, 1323, 1998.
J. C. Maloney, M. P. Kesler, L. M. Lust, L. N. Pringle, T. L. Fountain, and P. H. Harms, "Switched Fragmented Aperture Antennas", in Proc. 2000 IEEE Antennas and Propagations Symposium, Salt Lake City, 2000, pp. 310-313.
M. Matsumoto, M. Tsutsumi, and N. Kumagai, "Radiation of Millimeter waves form a Leaky Dielectric Waveguide with a Light-Induced Grating Layer", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. MTT-35, pp. 1033 - 1042, Nov. 1987.
F. A. Miranda, F. W. Van Keuls, R. R. Romanofsky, C. H. Mueller, S. Alterovitz, and G. Subramanyam. Integrated Ferroelectrics, 42, 131, 2001.
J. Modelski and Y. Yashchyshyn, "Investigations of the Microstrip Antenna on Ferroelectric Substrates", 30th European Microwave Conference 2000. France, Paris, October 2-6, 2000, pp. 162-165.
J. Modelski and Y. Yashchyshyn, "Voltage-controlled ferroelectric microstrip antenna for phased arrays", 2000 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting. USA, Utah, Salt Lake City, July 16-21, 2000, pp. 506-509.
J. Modelski and Y. Yashchyshyn, "Null Pattern Synthesis of Ferroelectric Smart Antennas". IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest, Phenix, Arizona, USA, May 20-25, 2001, Vol.1, pp.467-470.
D. Packiaraj, V. S. Reddy, G. J. D'Mello, and A. T. Kalghatgi, "Electronically switchable suspended substrate stripline filters", in Proc. RF and Microwave Conference, Oct. 2004, pp. 64 - 66.
L. N. Pringle, et. al., "A Reconfigurable Aperture Antenna Based on Switched Links Between Electrically Small Metallic Patches", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. AP-52, pp.1434 - 1445, June 2004.
J. B. L. Rao, G. V. Trunk, and D. P. Patel, "Two Low-Cost Phased Arrays," IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, Vol.12, pp.39-44, 1997.
G. M. Rebeiz, RF MEMS Theory, Design, and Technology. John Wiely and Sons, 2003.
J. K. Smith, "Special session - reconfigurable aperture antennas" IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting. USA, Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, July 2000.
M. Szafran, E. Bobryk, J. Modelski, and Y. Yashchyshyn. Kompozyt ceramika-polimer do zastosowań mikrofalowych i sposób wytwarzania kompozytu ceramika-polimer do zastosowań mikrofalowych. Patent PL, priority BUP02-05-200509/2005, published WUP30-01-200901/2009, [in polish].
A. K. Tagantsev, V. O. Sherman, K. E. Astafiev, J. Venkatesh, and N. Setter. Ferroelectric Materials for Microwave Tunable Applications. Journal of Electroceramics, 11, 5-66, 2003.
G. C. Taylor, et. al., "Reconfigurable Antenna", U. S. Patent no.: US 6,567,046 B2, May 20, 2003.
G. C. Taylor, A. Rosen, A. E. Fathy, P. K. Swain, and S. M. Perlow, "Surface PIN device", U. S. Patent no.: US 6,617,670 B2, Sep., 9, 2003.
H. Toshiyoshi and H. Fufita, "Electrostatic micro torsion mirrors for an optical switch matrix", IEEE Journal Microelectrometech. Symt. 5(4), 1996, pp. 231-237.
O. G. Vendik, E. K. Hollmann, A. B. Kozyrev, and A. M. Prudan. Journal of Superconductivity, 12, 325, 1999.
G. Washington, H.-S. Yoon, M. Angelino, and W. H. Theunissen, "Design, modeling, and optimization of mecahanically reconfigurable aperture antennas", IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 1, pp. 179 - 181, 1991.
X. X. Xi, H. C. Li, W. D. Si, A. A. Sirenko, I. A. Akimov, J. R. Fox, A. M. Clark, J. H. Hao. Journal of Electroceramics, 4, 393, 2000.
S. Yang, C. Zhang, H. K. Pan, A. E. Fathy, V. K. Nair, "Frequency-Reconfigurable Antennas for Multiradio Wireless Platforms", IEEE Microwave Magazine, vol.10, nr. 1, pp.66-83, Feb. 2009.
Y. Yashchyshyn, J. Modelski. "The Leaky-Wave Antenna With Ferroelectric Substrate", Proc. IX Intern. Conf. On Microwaves, Radar and Wireless Communications MIKON'2002, Vol.1, Gdansk, Poland, May 20-22, 2002, p.218-221.
Y. Yashchyshyn, J. Modelski, "A Reconfigurable Leaky-Wave Microstrip Antenna" in Proc. 35-th European Microwave Conference, Paris, France, Oct. 2005.
Y. Yashchyshyn, J. Modelski, "Rigorous Analysis and Investigations of the Scan Antennas on a Ferroelectric Substrate", IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory Techniques, Feb. 2005, pp. 427 - 438.
Y. Yashchyshyn, K. Derzakowski, J. Modelski, "Extending Functionalities of Waveguide Slot Antennas by Means of Reconfigurable Aperture", in Proc. 38-th European Microwave Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherland, Oct. 2008, pp. 268-261.
Y. Yashchyshyn, J. Marczewski, K. Derzakowski, J. Modelski, P. Grabiec, "Development and Investigation of an Antenna System with Reconfigurable Aperture" IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 57, no. 1, Jan., 2009.
S. Zhang, G. H. Huff, G. Cung, J. T. Bernhard, "Three variations of a pattern-reconfigurable microstrip parasitic array", Microwave Optical Technology Letters, vol.45, pp. 369 - 372, June 2005.