Spatiotemporal bioaccumulation of lead, cadmium, zinc and copper metals in Lettuce Sea Ulva lactuca harvest in two Algerian west coasts

Linda Abi-Ayad 1 , Sidi-Mohammed Bahae-Ddine Ghezlaoui 2 , Nassereddine Belkhouche 1 ,  and José Morillo Aguado 3
  • 1 Laboratory of Separation and Purification Technologies, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Chemistry, University of Tlemcen, Algeria
  • 2 Laboratory of Management of the Naturals Ecosystems, Faculty of Nature and life Sciences, and Earth and the Universe Sciences, Department of Agronomy, University of Tlemcen, Algeria
  • 3 Departments of Chemical Engineering and Environment, High Technical School of Engineering, University of Seville, Spain

Abstract

This work brings an evaluation of the quality of littoral zone of Algerian in two neighbouring port coasts, namely, Honaine and Beni Saf, chosen as significant discharge sites. This was followed by a comparison of the state of these coasts with those of the Mediterranean coastal areas. The study was conducted in all seasons in the year 2011−2012 by measuring the hydrological physicochemical parameters (pH, temperature, turbidity and salinity) and using sea lettuce Ulva lactuca as significant ‘biomarker of the quantity of metal contaminants (Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn)’. Harvesting of Ulva and the seawater samples were performed in each season in three stations, characterised by discharges of waste and industrial water and saline discharges from the recent installation of desalination in Honaine. The metal concentrations in seawater showed significant variations between stations and the harvest season, resulting in the appearance of pollution of Cd, Pb, Cu and Zn. Also this result was manifested in Ulva in the station S1 (Beni Saf) and S2 (Honaine-beach) with the exception of copper. These results have exceeded tolerable international standards.

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