1 Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Geodesy, Department of Spatial Management, Grunwaldzka 55 Street, 50-357 Wroclaw, Poland Adam Mickiewicz University, Faculty of Geographical and Geological Science, Institute of Socio-Economic Geography and Spatial Management, Department of Spatial Econometrics, Dzięgielowa 27 Street, 61-680 Poznan, Poland;
2 Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Geodesy, Department of Spatial Management, Grunwaldzka 55 Street, 50-357 Wroclaw, Poland Adam Mickiewicz University, Faculty of Geographical and Geological Science, Institute of Socio-Economic Geography and Spatial Management, Department of Spatial Econometrics, Dzięgielowa 27 Street, 61-680 Poznan, Poland
This paper points out possibilities for limiting anthropic pressure in the Puszcza Zielonka Landscape Park in Poland. Based on the identification and evaluation of the most precious fragments of the environment, it determines the attractiveness of the park perceived as a complex multi- -ecosystem. It also identifies the main spatial problems and symptoms of anthropic pressure. The evaluation was conducted through establishing zones with similar environmental value and the determination of hemeroby indicators. The following basic problems were identified: recreational buildings and the development of settlements, cessation of agricultural production, further division of arable land into smaller plots in the buffer zone, combined with a change of land use. The final result of this research is a map of the functional and spatial division of the park, allowing for its protective, biocenotic and scientific functions and possible use for recreation in line with the principles of sustainable development. We ascertained that the strategic objectives and criteria for shaping spatial structures of protected areas should be included in the local spatial policy.
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