Douglas-fir provenance phenology observations

Open access


Lavadinović V., Isajev V., Rakonjac L., Popović V., Lučić A.: Douglas-fir provenance phenology observations. Ekologia (Bratislava), Vol. 32, No. 4, p. 376-382, 2013.

Introduction of species involves adaptation, productivity and success in new types of environmental conditions. The introduction also includes confirmation to bring in only species which are superior on their natural habitat. In Canada and western North America, Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii/Mirb./Franco) is one of the most ecologically and economically value trees. In Europe, New Zealand, Australia and Chile, Douglas fir is important as an exotic fast-growing timber species. Douglas fir has one of the widest natural ranges of any tree species, extending from the Pacific Coast to the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains and from 19°N in Mexico to 55°N in western Canada. In Serbia, from the original seeds introduced from British Columbia and Canada, the experimental Douglas-fir provenance is established in a few locations. One of the main dangers for the Douglas fir is its sensitivity to the occurrence of late frost in spring and early occurrence of frost in the autumn. The aim of the paper is to test the effect of environment on the expression of Douglas-fir seed transfer. Bud burst phenology is closely related to genecology of introduced species. Douglas fir is susceptible to cold climate and most of its genetic structure and ability depends on its ecological adaptability. In order to avoid errors introduction of Douglas-fir provenances that are sensitive to the occurrence of extreme temperature, applied are researching for buds phenological changes Douglas fir, as an introduced species, has to be tested at the provenance level before its introduction to the new sites in Serbia.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bailey J.D. & Harrington C.A. (2006). Temperature regulation of bud-burst phenology within and among years in a young Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) plantation in western Washington USA. Tree Physiol. 26 421-430. doi: 10.1093/treephys/26.4.421.

  • Campbell R.K. (1986). Mapped genetic variation of Douglas-fir to guide seed transfer in Southwest Oregon. Silvae Genet. 35(2-3) 85-95.

  • Defila C. (1992). Pflanzenphanologischer Kalender ausgewahlter Stationen in der Schweiz. Klimatologie der Schweiz Hrg. Schweizerische Meteorologische Anstalt Heft 30/L 1-233.

  • Defila C. & Clot B. (2001). Phytophenological trends in Switzerland. Int. J. Biometeorol. 45 203-207. DOI : 10.1007/ s004840100101.

  • Guak S. Olsyzk D.M. Fuchigami L.H. & Tingey D.T. (1998). Effects of elevated CO 2 and temperature on cold hardiness and spring bud burst and growth in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii). Tree Physiol. 18 671-679. doi: 10.1093/treephys/18.10.671.

  • Hannerz M. (1999). Evaluation of temperature models for predicting bud burst in Norway spruce. Can. J. For. Res. 29 9-19. DOI :10.1139/x98-175.

  • Hanninen H. (1995). Effects of climatic change on trees from cool and temperate regions: an ecophysiological approach to modelling of bud burst phenology. Can. J. Bot. 73 183-199. doi:10.1139/b95-022

  • Heide O.M. (2003). High autumn temperature delays spring bud burst in boreal trees counterbalancing the effect of climatic warming. Tree Physiol. 23 931-936. doi: 10.1093/treephys/23.13.931.

  • Koch E. Bruns E. Chmielewski F.-M. Defila C. Lipa W. & Menzel A. (1992). Guidelines for plant phenological observations.

  • Lavadinović V. Koprivica M. & Isajev V. (2004). Phenological characters of Douglas-fir provenances in Serbia. Silva Balcanica 4(1) 89-94.

  • Lavadinović V. Isajev V. & Miletić Z. (2010). Significance of genetic potential of Douglas-fir introduced provenances in Serbia for the ranking of their adaptation to climate changes. In IUFRO and EFI International scientific conference “Forest ecosystems and climate changes” (pp. 71-80). Belgrade 9-10th March Serbia

  • Lavadinović V. Miletić Z. Isajev V. & Krstć M. (2011a). Variability of nitrogen content in the needles of Douglasfir (Pseudotsuga Menziesii Mir / Franco) provenance. Genetika 43(2) 407-417. DOI : 10.2298/GENSR1102407L

  • Lavadinović V. Isajev V. & Popović V. (2011b). Uticaj staništa na širinu transfuzionog parenhima provenijencija duglazije u test kulturama u Srbiji. In Zbornik abstrakta IV Simpozijuma sekcije za oplemenjivanje organizama društva genetičara Srbije (p. 88). Kladovo 2-6.oktobra 2011.

  • Ministry of Environment Lands and Parks British Columbia (1999). Douglas-fir ecosystems. Victoria: Conservation Data Centre.

  • Murray M.B. Cannell M.G.R. & Smith R.I. (1989). Date of budburst of fifteen tree species in Britain following climatic warming. J. Appl. Ecol. 26 693-700.

  • Sakai A. & Larcher W. (1987). Frost survival of plants: responses and adaptation to freezing stress. Berlin: Springer- Verlag.

  • Teševič V. & Lavadinović V. (2009). Analysis and antifungal activity essential oil of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) from Serbia. Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 74(10) 1035-1040. doi: 10.2298/JSC0910035T.

  • Timmis R. Flewelling J. & Talbert C. (1994). Frost injury prediction model for Douglas-fir seedlings in the Pacific Northwest. Tree Physiol. 14 855-869. doi: 10.1093/treephys/14.7-8-9.855.

Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.77

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.283
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.534

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 209 127 1
PDF Downloads 85 60 1