Discriminating between nesting and non-nesting habitat in a vulnerable bird species: implications for behavioural ecology

Open access

Abstract

Nowadays, partitioning amongst nesting and non-nesting habitats is not much studied. Here, I investigate whether or not the turtle dove (Streptopelia turtur) nesting habitats overlap with those used for other purposes in a North African agroforestry system. A total of 33 nest points and 33 turtle dove presence points were considered. The study, conducted in May to June 2017, attempted to determine the factors that may play a role in discriminating between the nesting habitats and non-nesting habitats. I used a linear discriminant analysis (LDA) to test the relevance of proximity of food resources, forest edge and human presence variables in the distribution of the species. The results show substantial segregation in the habitats selected for nesting and those selected for other uses [average distance was 1129.69 ± 169.40 m (n = 66) with a maximum of 1518.6 m and a minimum of 617.72 m], with selection depending primarily on the proximity to forest edge and feeding areas. I discuss these findings and their implications on behavioural ecology and future researches of this vulnerable species. I suggest guidelines for future studies that will seek to better understand the behavioural dynamics of turtle doves in the Mediterranean agroforestry systems. This can only be done when disturbance covariates, such as: (i) forest logging, (ii) cereal harvesting and (iii) hunting and predation pressures, were imperatively taken into account.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Anjos L. Collins D.C. Holt R.D. Volpato G.H. Mendonca L.B. Lopes E.V. Bocon R. Bisheimer M.V. Serafini P.P. & Carvalho J. (2011) Bird species abundance—occupancy patterns and sensitivity to forest fragmentation: implications for conservation in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Biological Conservation 144 2213–2222.

  • Bakaloudis D.E. Vlachos C.G. Chatzinikos E. Bontzorlos V. & Papakosta M. (2009) Breeding habitats preferences of the turtledove (Streptopelia turtur) in the Dadia-Soufli National Park and its implications for management. European Journal of Wildlife Research 55 597–602.

  • Barrientos R. Valera F. Barbosa A. Carrillo C.M. & Moreno E. (2009) Plasticity of nest-site selection in the trumpeter finch: A comparison between two different habitats. Acta Oecologica 35 (4) 499–506.

  • Block W.M. & Brennan L.A. (1993) The habitat concept in ornithology: Theory and applications. Current Ornithology 11: 35–91.

  • Bibby C.J. Burgess N.D. Hill D.A. & Mustoe S.H. (2000) Bird census techniques 2nd edn. Academic Press New York.

  • Browne S.J. & Aebischer N.J. (2003) Habitat use foraging ecology and diet of turtle doves Streptopelia turtur in Britain. Ibis 145 572–582.

  • Browne S. & Aebischer N. (2004) Temporal changes in the breeding ecology of European turtle doves Streptopelia turtur in Britain and implications for conservation. Ibis 146 125–137.

  • Browne S.J. Aebischer N.J. & Crick H.Q.P. (2005) Breeding ecology of Turtle Doves Streptopelia turtur in Britain during the period 1941–2000: an analysis of BTO nest record cards Bird Study 52(1) 1–9.

  • Cherkaoui S.I. Dakki M. Selmi S. Rguibi Idrissi H. & Thévenot M. (2007) Les oiseaux de la subéraie de la Maamora (Maroc): phénologie du peuplement statut des espèces nicheuses et évolution depuis le début du vingtième siècle. Alauda 75 3–20.

  • De Buruaga M.F. Onrubia A. Fernandez-Garcia J.M. Campos M.A. Canales F. & Unamuno J.M. (2012) Breeding habitat use and conservation status of the turtle dove Streptopelia turtur in Northern Spain. Ardeola 59 291–300.

  • Dias S. Moreira F. Beja P. Carvalho M. Gordinho L. Reino L. Oliveira V. & Rego F. (2013) Landscape effects on large scale abundance patterns of turtle doves Streptopelia turtur in Portugal. European Journal of Wildlife Research 59 510–541.

  • Dunn J.C. & Morris A.J. (2012) Which features of UK farmland are important in retaining territories of the rapidly declining turtle dove Streptopelia turtur? Bird Study 59 394–402.

  • Dunn J.C. Hamer K.C. & Benton T.G. (2010) Fear for the family has negative consequences: indirect effects of nest predators on chick growth in a farmland bird. Journal of Applied Ecology 47 994–1002.

  • Dunn J.C. Morris A.J. & Grice P.V. (2015) Testing bespoke management of foraging habitat for European turtle doves Streptopelia turtur. Journal for Nature Conservation 25 23–34.

  • Dunn J.C. Grice P. & Morris A.J. (2016) Post-fledging habitat selection in a rapidly declining farmland bird the European turtle dove Streptopelia turtur. Bird Conservation International 27(1) 45–57.

  • Eraud C. Rivière M. Lormée H. Fox J.W. Ducamp J.J. & Boutin J.M. (2013) Migration routes and staging areas of Trans-Saharan Turtle Doves appraised from light-level geolocators. PLoS ONE 8(3) e59396.

  • Evens R. Beenaerts N. Neyens T. Witters N. Smeets K. & Artois T. (2018) Proximity of breeding and foraging areas affects foraging effort of a crepuscular insectivorous bird. Scientific Reports 8. 10.1038/s41598-018-21321-0.

  • Fisher I. Ashpole J. Scallan D. Proud T. & Carboneras C. (compilers) (2018) International Single Species Action Plan for the conservation of the European Turtle-dove Streptopelia turtur (2018 to 2028). European Commission Technical Report xxx-2018.

  • Gillings S. & Fuller R.J. (1998) Changes in bird populations on sample lowland English farms in relation to loss of hedgerows and other noncrop habitats. Oecologia 116 120–127.

  • Gutiérrez-Galán A. & Alonso C. (2016) European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur diet composition in Southern Spain: the role of wild seeds in Mediterranean forest areas Bird Study 63(4) 490–499.

  • Gutierrez-Galan A. Alonso L.S. & González A.C. (2018) Foraging habitat requirements of European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur in a Mediterranean forest landscape. Acta Ornithologica 53 143–154.

  • Hanane S. (2003) Suivi de la reproduction de la tourterelle des bois (Streptopelia turtur) dans la région de Taroudant au cours de l’année 2002. Rapport Département des Eaux et Forêts et à la Lutte Contre la Désertification (Div. Rec. Exp. For). 19pp.

  • Hanane S. (2012) Do age and type of plantings affect turtle dove Streptopelia turtur nest placement in olive agro-ecosystems? Ethology Ecology and Evolution 24 284–293.

  • Hanane S. (2014) Plasticity in nest placement of the turtle dove (Streptopelia turtur): experimental evidence from Moroccan agroeco-systems. Avian Biology Research 7(2) 1–9.

  • Hanane S. (2015) Nest-niche differentiation in two sympatric Streptopelia species from a North African agricultural area: the role of human presence. Ecological Research 30 573–580.

  • Hanane S. (2016a) Effects of orchard type and breeding period on turtle dove nest density in irrigated agroecosystems. Bird Study 63 141–145.

  • Hanane S. (2016b) Effects of location orchard type laying period and nest position on the reproductive performance of turtle doves (Streptopelia turtur) on intensively cultivated farmland. Avian Research 7 4.

  • Hanane S. (2017) The European turtle-dove Streptopelia turtur in Northwest Africa: a review of current knowledge and priorities for future research. Ardeola 64(2) 273–287.

  • Hanane S. (2018) Multi-scale turtle dove nest habitat selection in a Mediterranean agroforestry landscape: implications for the conservation of a vulnerable species. European Journal of Wildlife Research 64 (4) 1-9.

  • Hanane S. & Baamal L. (2011) Are Moroccan fruit orchards suitable breeding habitats for turtle doves Streptopelia turtur? Bird Study 58 57–67.

  • Hanane S. & Yassin M. (2017) Nest-niche differentiation in two sympatric columbid species from a Mediterranean Tetraclinis woodland: considerations for forest management. Acta Oecologica 78 47–52.

  • Hanane S. Cherkaoui I. Magri N. & Yassin M. (2018) Bird species richness in artificial plantations and natural forests in a North African agroforestry system: assessment and implications. Agro-forestry Systems https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-018-0281-z.

  • Haut Commissariat aux Eaux et Forêts et à la Lutte Contre la Désertification (HCEFLCD) (2013) Rapport annuel de la chasse saison 2012/2013. 38 pp

  • Hinsley S.A. Bellamy P.E. Newton I. Sparks T.H. (1995) Habitat and landscape factors influencing the presence of individual breeding bird species in woodland fragments. Journal Avian Biology 26 94–104.

  • Hinsley S.A. & Bellamy P.E. (2000) The influence of hedge structure management and landscape context on the value of hedgerows to birds: a review. Journal of Wildlife Management 60 33–49.

  • Kafi F. Hanane S. Bensouilah T. Zeraoula A. Brahmia H. & Houhamdi M. (2015) Les facteurs déterminants le succès de reproduction de la Tourterelle des bois (Streptopelia turtur) dans un milieu agricole Nord-Africain. Rev d’Écologie (Terre Vie) 70 271–279.

  • Lormée H. Boutin JM. Pinaud D. Bidault H. & Eraud C. (2016) Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur migration routes and wintering areas revealed using satellite telemetry. Bird Study 63(3) 425–429.

  • Marx M. Korner-Nievergelt F. & Quillfeldt P. (2016) Analysis of Ring Recoveries of European Turtle Doves Streptopelia turtur — Fly-ways Migration Timing and Origin Areas of Hunted Birds. Acta Ornithologica 51(1) 55–70.

  • Mezquida ET. & Marone L. (2002) Microhabitat structure and avian nest predation risk in an open Argentinean woodland: an experimental study. Acta Oecologica 23 313–320.

  • Niemc A. Remisiewicz M. Avni J. Underhill L.G. (2018) Sexual di-morphism in adult Little Stints (Calidris minuta) revealed by DNA sexing and discriminant analysis. PeerJ 6:e5367; DOI 10.7717/peerj.5367.

  • Pearse A.T. Cavitt J.E. & Cully J.F. (2004) Effects of food supplementation on female nest attentiveness and incubation mate feeding in two sympatric wren species. Wilson Bulletin 116(1) 23–30.

  • Peiro V. (1990) Aspectos de la reproduccion de la Tortola comun (Streptopelia turtur) en Madrid. Mediterranean Series Biology 12 89–96.

  • Penloup A. Martin J.L. Gory G. Brunstein D. Bretagnolle V. & Gory G. (1997) Distribution and Breeding Success of Pallid Swifts Apus pallidus on Mediterranean Islands: Nest Predation by the Roof Rat Rattus rattus and Nest Site Quality. Oikos 80 78. 10.2307/3546518.

  • Quantum GIS Development Team (2017) QGIS Geographic Information System Version 2.18.14-Las Palmas. Open Source Geospatial Foundation Chicago.

  • Quinn G.P. & Keough M.J. (2002) Experimental Design and Data Analysis for Biologists. Cambridge University Press Cambridge.

  • R Development Core Team (2013) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. ISBN 3-900051-07-0 R Foundation for Statistical Computing Vienna. http://www.R-project.org.

  • Reino L. Beja P. Osborne P.E. Morgado R. Fabiao A. & Rotenberry J.T. (2009) Distance to edges edge contrast and landscape fragmentation: interactions affecting farmland birds around forest plantations. Biological Conservation 142(4) 824–838.

  • Rice W.R. (1989) Analyzing tables of statistical tests. Evolution 43 223e225.

  • Rocha G. & Quillfeldt P. (2015) Effect of supplementary food on age ratios of European turtle doves (Streptopelia turtur L.). Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 38 11–21.

  • Rocha G. & Hidalgo S. (2002) La tórtola común Streptopelia turtur. Análisis de los factores que afectan a su status. Cáceres. Universidad de Extremadura Servicio de Publicaciones.

  • Rogers P.C. (1996) Disturbance ecology and forest management: a review of the literature. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station Ogden p 16.

  • Sweeney O. Wilson M. Irwin S. Kelly T. & O’Halloran J. (2010) Are bird density species richness and community structure similar between native woodlands and non-native plantations in an area with a generalist bird fauna? Biodiversity Conservation 19 2329–2342.

  • Tabachnick B.G. & Fidell L.S. (2001) Using Multivariate Statistics. 4th Edition Allyn and Bacon Boston.

  • Thévenot M. Vernon R. & Bergier P. (2003) The birds of Morocco. Tring: British Ornithologists’ Union/British Ornithologists’ Club.

  • Underwood A.J. (1996) Experiments in Ecology. Their Logical Design and Interpretation Using Analysis of Variance. Cambridge University Press Cambridge.

  • Vernon R. Thévenot M. Bergier P. & Rousseau E. (2005) Argan woodland an important bird habitat in Morocco. ABC Bulletin 12 134–146.

  • Wiehn J. & Korpimäki E. (1997) Food Limitation on Brood Size: Experimental Evidence in the Eurasian Kestrel. Ecology 78. 10.2307/2265943.

  • Yahiaoui K. Arab K. Belhamra M. Browne S.J. Boutin J.M. & Moali A. (2014) Habitat occupancy by European turtle dove (Streptopelia turtur) in the Isser Valley. Algeria. Revue d’Ecologie (Terre Vie) 69(3–4) 234–246.

  • Yanes M. & Oñate J.J. (1996) Does nest predation affect nest-site selection in larks. Rev. D’Ecologie (Terre Vie) 51 259–267.

  • Yanes M. Herranz J. & Suarez F. (1996) Nest microhabitat selection in larks from a European Semiarid shrub steppe. The role of sunlight and predation. Journal of Arid Environments 32 469–478.

  • Zar J.H. (1984) Biostatistical Analysis. Prentice-Hall Inc. Englewood Cliffs p. 717.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.84

Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.365

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 116 115 48
PDF Downloads 95 95 29