The Hutsuls, an ethnic group belonging to the Bukovina’s agro-forestry and pastoral area, still preserve ancient folk traditions which generate friendly practices and attitudes towards the environment. Globalisation and modernisation have brought about changes in the local rural traditions which, on the one hand, threaten their singularity, and on the other hand, set the stage for a new start. The paper aims to analysethe perception of the Bukovina’s communities on the tradition-sustainable development relations considered from a double perspective: the Hutsuls’ traditions and the evolution of the group itself under changes in Romania in the last 25 years.
Consequently, our approach has sought to make a correlation between the information collected from the scientific literature, the answers given in a field survey and the opinions expressed in the media concerning this subject. The results of the study have shown that both the occupations and the traditions of the Hutsul ethnics, as well as their spiritual and cultural life, are strongly linked to the natural elements of the environment which the Hutsuls consider to be the basic resources for their existence. However, given that nowadays young people migrate abroad, the community’s perception is indicative of a particular concern to do with the viability of this ethnic group; that is, the human right to turn to modernisation and the efficiency of multicultural policies application in Romania. The study is hence useful from several points of view: it can disseminate information on a national level concerning this little-known ethnicity; it can promote the role of the ethnic groups in reaching the local objectives of sustainable development; and it can supply the authorities with the necessary information for taking the right decissions, be they political, cultural, economic or demographic.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Adler P.A. Adler P. 1994 ‘Observational Techniques’ in N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (eds) Handbook of Qualitative Research Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage Publications.
Andronic M. 1998 ‘Hutsuls a minority in Buckovina’ (Hutulii o minoritate in Bukovina) in Pagini din Istoria si Cultura Bucovinei Soc. Culturală „Stefan cel Mare” pp.96.
Balabaşciuc C. 2006 Stranger Hutsul Stories (Stranii povestiri huţule) Moldoviţa: Editura Cibela pp. 236.
Bănăţeanu T. 1975 Bokovineean Folk Art (Arta populară bucovineană) Bucuresti: Editura Artis pp. 332.
Bernard H. R. 2000 Social research methods Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage pp.178.
Bertaux D. 1981 ‘From the life-history approach to the transformation of sociological practice’ in D. Bertaux (ed.) Biography and Society: The life History Approach in the Social Sciences London: Sage pp. 29–45.
Bobocu-Cojocaru A. 2010 ‘Huţulii din Bucovina – Controverse identitare’ Constelaţii ieşene anul V 4(20): 42-46.
Bucher S. Nováková Š. 2015 ‘Territorial Aspects of Regional Identity and Respondents’ Identication with the Region and Place: Case Study of Slovakia’ Eastern European Countryside 21: 81-109.
European Council 1995 Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities Stasbourg: 3-4.
Figlus T. 2009 ‘Past and present of Hutsulshchyna as the Carpathian borderland region. Remarks on changes of spatial structures ethno-cultural specificity and heritage’ Region and Regionalism Vol. 9 pp.143-159.
Grumezea I. 2009 Dacia: Land of Transylvania Cornerstone of Ancient Eastern EuropeHamilton books p.77.
Guest G. Bunce A. & Johnson L. 2006 ‘How many interviews are enough? An experiment with data saturation and variability’ Field Methods 18: 59-82.
Huţuleac D. 2014 ‘Despre originea limba şi cultura etniei huţule în contextul globalizării’ in Memoria ethnologica no. 50-51 (An XIV) Maramureş.
Iosep I. 1999 ‘Economic-geographic study of Bukovina Mountain’ (Studiul geografico-economic al Obcinelor Bucovinei) Teza de doctorat Universitatea Al. I. Cuza Iasi p. 365.
Irimie R.C. 2014 ‘Religion and political identification in Communist Romania’ Revista POLIS Vol. II 2 (4): 44-66.
José Blanco M. & Vidal R. 2015 The Power of Death: Contemporary Reflections on Death in Western Society New York-Oxford: Berghahn.
Marian-Bălaşa M. 2013 ‘Maternity as a source of religion’ Journal of Ethnography and Folklore 1-2: 101-108.
Matei E. Dumitrache L. Manea G. Cocoş & O. Mihalache C. 2013 ‘The Begging Phenomenon in Bucharest City: Dimensions and Patterns of Expression’ Revista de cercetare şi intervenţie social 43: 61-79.
Morse J. 1994 ‘Designing funded qualitative research’ in N. Denzin & Y. Lincoln (eds) Handbook for Qualitative ResearchThousand Oaks: CA: Sage: p. 225.
Murthy D. 2013 Twitter: Social Communication in the Twitter Age Cambridge: Polity pp. 7–8
Nikitin A.G. Kochkin I.T. June C.M. Willis. C.M. Mcbain I. & Videiko M.Y. 2009 ‘Mitochondrial
DNA sequence variation in the Boyko Hutsul and Lemko populations of the Carpathian highlands’ Human Biology 81(1): 43-58. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3378/027.081.0104.
Nimigeanu Gh. 1945 Hutsans from Bukovina-Antropogeographic and ethnograhic study (Huţanii din Bukovina – Studiu antropogeografic şi etnografic) Teză de doctorat mss col. Prof. P. Froicu Suceava.
Nistor I. 1915 ‘Românii şi rutenii în Bukovina’ Studii istorice şi statistice XX/1914 Bucureşti.
Population and Housing Census of Romania 2011. Available http://www.insse.ro/cms/ro/content/diseminare-informatii-statistice (January 2016).
Ross A. 2011 ‘Border Crossing Young People’s Identity in Time of Change’ in C. Mesaroş (ed.) Knowledge Communication: Transparency Democracy Global Governance West Timisoara University Publishing House pp.65-82.
Sõukand R. & Pieroni A. 2016 ‘The importance of a border: Medical veterinary and wild food ethnobotany of the Hutsuls living on the Romanian and Ukrainian sides of Bukovina’ Journal of Ethnopharmacology 185: 17–40.
Small M. L. 2009 ‘How many cases do I need? On science and the logic of case selection in field-based research’ Ethnography 10: 5-38.
Tufescu V. 1970 On Modova Valley (Pe Valea Moldovei) Bucureşti: Editura Ştiinţifică.
Tîrcomnicu E. 2013 ‘Identity and self-identification of Aromanians and Megleno-Romanian in Dobrogea’ Journal of Etnography and Folkore New Series 1-2: 217-236.
Vasilcu D. 2006 Moldova Valley in Carpathian Sector. Human geography Study (Valea Moldovei în sectorul carpatic. Studiu de geografie umană) Suceava: Universităţii Publishing House pp. 343.
Warren C. A. B. 2002 ‘Qualitative Interviewing’ in J. F. Gubrium & J. A. Holstein (eds) Handbook of Interview Research: Context and Method Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage pp. 83-101.
http://www.natgeo.ro (accessed in February 2016)
http://www.ziarulstefancelmare.ro (accessed in February 2016)
http://adevarul.ro (accessed in February 2016)
http://flaviusobeada.wordpress.com (accessed in February 2016)
https://video.monitorulsv.ro (accessed in February 2016)
http://ioncoja.ro (accessed in February 2016)
http://www.gandul.info (accessed in February 2016)