Vertical Distribution of Major and Trace Elements in a Soil Profile from the Nile Delta, Egypt

Wael Badawy 1 , 2 , Marina V. Frontasyeva 2 ,  and Medhat Ibrahim 3
  • 1 Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA), Nuclear Research Centre, Radiation Protection & Civil Defense Department, , 13759, Egypt
  • 2 Sector of Neutron Activation Analysis and Applied Research, Division of Nuclear Physics, Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Joliot Curie, 6, 141980, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russian Federation
  • 3 Spectroscopy Department, National Research Centre, , 33 El-Bohouth St. 12622 Dokki, Giza, Egypt

Abstract

The present study was conducted to highlight the elemental composition of ten soil samples collected at different depths along of a soil profile (0.25-17 m). The collected samples were subjected to epithermal neutron activation analysis at the pulsed reactor IBR-2 of Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics - Joint Institute for Nuclear Research - Dubna - Russian Federation. The concentrations in mg/kg of 36 major and trace elements were determined. Symbatic behaviour of geochemically related elements was observed: Th and U; Cl and Br and Fe, Ti, Ca, Al, and Mg, etc. A sharp increase of certain concentrations at the depth of 8 m was observed. Significant mafic sources of elements were observed and mostly are attributed to Ethiopian High Plateau with small amount of felsic volcanic rocks.

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