Online Measurement Method of Water Quality in the Sulejow Reservoir

Open access

Abstract

The paper presents methodology of accurate mobile measurements of water quality parameters such as temperature, dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll “a” concentration, ammonium ion concentration, conductivity, pH and blue-green algae content in water. The measurements (probe EXO 2, YSI, USA) were made on various depths of probe immersion (1.5, 2.5 and 3.5 m) and at different towing speeds of the probe (approx. 5.4 and 9.0 km/h). Static measurements carried out on the same route provided reference values for the measurements in motion to compare the repeatability of static and mobile methods. The tests were also evaluated by observation of probe behavior in motion, e.g. water disturbance intensity, access of light (sun rays) to the sensors. Statistical tests confirmed that the mean values of water quality parameters from mobile measurements with the speed of 5.4 km/h at the depth 1.5 m does not differ from the stationary measurements. Results of statistical analysis prove that water quality parameters can be measured accurately keeping established speed of towing the probe at the fixed depth. Methodology of mobile measurements elaborated in the frame of this work allows to collect vast number of data which can be used to obtain GIS point maps of water quality parameters in large water bodies.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Kagami M Hirose Y Ogura H. Phosphorus and nitrogen limitation of phytoplankton growth in eutrophic Lake Inba Japan. Limnology. 2013;14:51-58. DOI: 10.1007/s10201-012-0385-5.

  • [2] Jachniak E Kozak JL. Estimating the level of water eutrophication in Poraj dam reservoir based on selected methods. Ecol Chem Eng A. 2013;20;7-8:779-790. DOI: 10.2428/ecea.2013.20(07)071.

  • [3] Zieminska-Stolarska A Zbicinski I Imbierowicz M Skrzypski J. Waterpraxis as a tool supporting protection of water in the Sulejow Reservoir. Desalin Water Treat. 2013;51(19-21):4194-4206. DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2013.768043.

  • [4] Mankiewicz-Boczek J Jaskulska A Pawełczyk J Gągała I Serwecińska L Dziadek J. Cyanophages infection of microcystis bloom in lowland dam reservoir of Sulejow Poland. Microb Ecol. 2016;71(2):315-25. DOI: 10.1007/s00248-015-0677-5.

  • [5] Bukowska A Kaliński T Koper M Kostrzewska-Szlakowska I Kwiatowski J Mazur-Marzec H et al. Predicting blooms of toxic cyanobacteria in eutrophic lakes with diverse cyanobacterial communities. Scientific Reports 7 Article number: 8342 (2017). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-08701-8.

  • [6] Grabowska M. The role of a eutrophic lowland reservoir in shaping the composition of river phytoplankton. Ecohydrol Hydrobiol. 2012;12(3):231-242. DOI: 10.2478/v10104-012-0016-0.

  • [7] Szulc B Jurczak T Szulc K Kaczkowski Z. The influence of the ecohydrological rehabilitation in the cascade of Arturowek reservoirs in Lodz (Central Poland) on the cyanobacterial and algae blooming. Oceanolog Hydrobiol Stud. 2015;44(2):236:244. DOI: 10.1515/ohs-2015-0022.

  • [8] Glasgow HB Burkholder JM Reed RE Lewitus AJ Kleinmann JE. Real-time remote monitoring of water quality: a review of current applications and advancements in sensor telemetry and computing technologies. J Experim Marine Biol Ecol. 2004;300(½):409-448. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2004.02.022

  • [9] Tuna G Arkoc O Gulez K. Continuous monitoring of water quality using portable and low-cost approaches. Int J Distributed Sensor Networks. 2013;9(6):1-11. DOI: 10.1155/2013/249598.

  • [10] YSI Application notes 1 - Catchment Monitoring Network Protects Thames River ©2008 YSI Environmental web. www.environment-agency.gov.uk - A566.

  • [11] YSI Application notes 2 - Water Quality Is Key to the Success of Cardiff Bay Restoration ©2011 YSI Environmental web www.ysihydrodata.com - A592 Cardiff Harbour Authority’s website: www.cardiffharbour.com.

  • [12] Absalon D Ruman M Matysik M Koziol K Polkowska Z. Innovative solutions in surface water quality monitoring. APCBEE Procedia. 2014;10:26-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.apcbee.2014.10.009.

  • [13] Torbick N Feng H Zhang J Qi J Zhang H Becker B. Mapping chlorophyll-a concentrations in West Lake China using Landsat 7 ETM+. J Great Lakes Res. 2008;34(3):559-565. DOI: 10.3394/0380-1330(2008)34 [559:MCCIWL]2.0.CO;2.

  • [14] Ho J Michalak A. Challenges in tracking harmful algal blooms: A synthesis of evidence from Lake Erie. J Great Lakes Res. 2015;41(2):317-325. DOI: 10.1016/j.jglr.2015.01.001.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.467
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.226

CiteScore 2018: 1.47

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.352
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.907

Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 512 282 3
PDF Downloads 230 138 1