The Effect of Landscape on the Diversity in Urban Green Areas

Marina Kirichenko-Babko 1 , Grzegorz Łagód 2 , Dariusz Majerek 3 , Małgorzata Franus 4  and Roman Babko 1
  • 1 Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology NAS of Ukraine, , 01030, Kiev, Ukraine
  • 2 Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, 20-618, Lublin, Poland
  • 3 Faculty of Fundamentals of Technology, Lublin University of Technology, 20-618, Lublin, Poland
  • 4 Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Lublin University of Technology, 20-618, Lublin, Poland

Abstract

This article presented the results of a comparative analysis of carabid species compositions (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in urban green areas of the City of Lublin, Eastern Poland. In this study, the occurrence and abundance of ground beetles were analysed according to habitat preference and dispersal ability. A total of 65 carabid species were found in the three green areas. Obviously, the high species richness of ground beetles in the greenery of the Lublin is determined by the mostly undeveloped floodplain of the river Bystrzyca. The species richness of carabids and their relative abundance decrease in the assemblage of green areas under the effect of isolation of green patches and fragmentation of the semi-natural landscape elements in the urban environment. Generalists and open-habitat species significantly prevailed in all green areas. The prevailing of riparian and forest species at floodplain sites of the river Bystrzyca demonstrated the existence of a connection of the carabid assemblage with landscape of river valley. The Saski Park and gully “Rury” are more influenced by urbanization (fragmentation, isolation of green patches) and recreation that is consistent with the significant prevalence of open-habitats species in the carabid beetle assemblage.

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