Irena Ickiewicz 1
  • 1 Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bialystok University of Technology, ul. Wiejska 45 E, 15-331 Białystok, Poland, phone +48 797 775 773


The present paper describes a technical-economic analysis of thermomodernization works in multifamily buildings and public utility facilities constructed with the use of both traditional and industrialized technologies (prefabricated large-panel concrete, Zeranska brick), built before 1990. 1441 buildings located in 7 towns were analysed. The energy consumption indicator of the buildings undergoing the analysis was the indicator of heat load demand per cubic capacity, which was established on the basis of site inspections and technical documentation. The obtained results were used in analysing the cost-effectiveness of the suggested thermomodernization works. The following were adopted as criteria of the investment effectiveness: the ‘Simple Pay Back Time’ (SPBT), reducing the amounts of particulate matter and sulphur dioxide polluting the air, and heat load saving (amounting to a few or even several megawatts, which, in the case of a small town, is often sufficient to cover a prospective increase in heat load demand).

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Boonekamp P. Trends and policies for space heating in the EU-27. Conference „Energy Efficiency in Buildings - Improving the database”. Berlin: 2008.

  • [2] Bochenek D. Environment 2012. Statistical Information and Elaborations. Warsaw: 2012;211-225.

  • [3] Pawłowski A. The role of environmental engineering in introducing sustainable development. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2010;17(3):263-278.

  • [4] Domínguez S, Sendra JJ, Leon AL, Esquivias PM. Towards energy demand reduction in social housing buildings: envelope system optimization strategies. Energies. 2012;5(7):2263-2287. DOI: 10.3390/en5072263.

  • [5] Kanie N, Nishimoto H, Hijioka Y, Kameyama Y. Allocation and architecture in climate governance beyond Kyoto: lessons from interdisciplinary research on target setting. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics. 2010;10(4):299-315. DOI: 10.1007/s10784-010-9143-5.

  • [6] Li J. Towards a low-carbon future in China's building sector A review of energy and climate models forecast. Energy Policy. 2008;36(5):1736-1747.

  • [7] Ickiewicz I, Stempniak A, Nytko K. Concept of energy-saving modernization of district heating system in Suwalki, Gizycko Lomza, Hajnowka, with account for prospective development of the town. Białystok: NECA; 2010.

  • [8] Ickiewicz I, Stempniak A, Nytko K. Design assumptions for a heat supply plan for the town of Pisz, Siemiatycze, Kolno. Bialystok: NECA; 2010.

  • [9] Boron W, Chomiak A, Kawa A, Zawora A. Using renewable energy sources and their influence on the energy performance of buildings. Dissertations and Monographs. Institute of Innovative Technologies EMAG. Katowice 2012.

  • [10] Karganov S. Evaluation of economic effectiveness of investment activity. Materials of International Scientific and Technical Conference Expol-Ship (IV). Stettin 2006.

  • [11] Thermal modernization of public utility buildings in Kolno town - conference materials - financing thermal modernization works in residential and public buildings by the ESCO Energy Saving Company Ltd. Krakow2007.

  • [12] Rybkowska I, Siuta-Olcha A. The evaluation of energy-consumption of the school building before and after the thermo-modernization. Polish Academy of Sciences. The Committee on Environmental Engineering, Monographs: Polish environmental engineering after five years in the European Union 2009;3(60):207-216.

  • [13] Third Assessment Report, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2000.

  • [14] Kryza M, Mill W, Dore AJ, Werner M, Blas M. Calculation of sulphur and nitrogen deposition with the frame model and assessment of the exceedance of critical loads in Poland. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2013;20(2):279-290. DOI: 10.2478/eces-2013-0020.

  • [15] Liu G, Liu H. Using insulation in china’s buildings: potential for significant energy savings and carbon emission reductions. Low Carbon Economy. 2011;2:220-223. DOI: 10.4236/lce.2011.24027.

  • [16] Norwisz J. Building thermomodernization for improving the quality of the environment. Gliwice: The Library of Energy Conservation Foundation; 2004.

  • [17] Pawłowski A. Sustainable development and environemntal engineering. Polish Academy of Sciences. The Committee on Environmental Engineering, Monographs: Polish environmental engineering after five years in the European Union. 2009;3(60):17-33.

  • [18] Ickiewicz I. Ecological and economic aspects of modernizing district heating systems in north-eastern Poland. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2011;18(4):429-442.

  • [19] Liu KS, Hsueh SL, Wu WC, Chen YL. A DFuzzy-DAHP Decision-Making Model for Evaluating Energy-Saving Design Strategies for Residential Buildings. Energies. 2012;5(11):4462-4480. DOI: 10.3390/en5114462.

  • [20] Lukić P, Tamburić J, Stojić D. Energy efficiency of buildings with phase-change materials. Facta Universitatis Series: Architecture and Civil Engineering. 2012;10(3):353-360. DOI: 10.2298/FUACE1203343L.

  • [21] Turnić D, Dimitrijević Ž, Stanković D. Housing facilities management in the Republic of Serbia from the aspect of energy efficiency improvement. Facta Universitatis Series: Architecture and Civil Engineering 2012;10(3):353-360. DOI: 10.2298/FUACE1203353T.


Journal + Issues