Nowadays world faces crisis caused by growing energy demand. Threat of climate change caused by the increased emission of CO2 from burning of fossil fuels exerts pressure on wider use of renewable energy resources. It is believed that one of important resources of renewable energy are biofuels. In the paper we present that in the most cases it is not true. Wide use of biofuel, especially in European Union, poses threat to sustainable development of today’s world. It is going to be presented that the production of biofuels from agricultural crops is, in many cases, unsustainable due to the fact that it reduces the access to food by devoting cultivatable land to crops designated for the production of biofuels. What is more, it has also negative influence on the environment, namely it reduces biodiversity, pollute water and, what is curious, not in all cases the use of biofuels leads to the reduction of CO2 emission.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
 WCED Our Common Future Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development 1987.
 Pawłowski A. Sustainable Development and Globalization. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development. 2013;8(2):5-16.
 Papuziński A. The Axiology of Sustainable Development: An Attempt at Typologization. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development. 2013;8(1):5-25.
 Udo V Pawłowski A. Human Progress Towards Equitable Sustainable Development - part II: Empirical Exploration. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development. 2011;6(2):33-62.
 Mroczek B Kurpas D Klera M. Sustainable Development and Wind Farms. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development. 2013;8(2):113-122.
 Nader S. Path to Low-Carbon Economy. The Masadar Example Energy Precedia. 2009;1(1):3951-3958
 Lindzen RS. Global Warming: The Origin and Nature of the Alleged Scientific Consensus. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development. 2010;5:13-28.
 Danielesen F Beukema H Burges N Parish F Bruhl C Donald P et al. Biofuel plantation on forested lands: double jeopardy for biodiversity and climate. Conversation Biology. 2009;23:348-358.DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.01096.x.
 Fargione J Hill J Tilman D Polasky S Hawthorne P. Land clearing and the biofuel carbon dobt. Science. 2008;319(5867):1235-1238. DOI: 10.1126/science.1152747.
 Hooijer A Page S Canadell JG Silvius M Kwadijk J Wosten H et al. Current and future CO2 emission from drained peatlends in Southeast Asia. Biogeosciences. 2010;7:1505-1514. DOI: 10.5194/bg-7-1505-2010.
 Koizumi T Ogha K. Biofuels policies in Asian countries: Impact of the expander biofuels programs on world agricultural markets. J Agricultural and Food Industrial Organization. 2008;5(2):22-28. http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jafio.2007.5.2/jaf....1190.xml?format=INT (text/html)
 Pawłowski A. Sustainable Development as a Civilizational Revolution. Multidimensional Approach to the Challenges of the 21st Century. Boca Raton London New York Leiden: CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group A Balkema Book; 2011.
 Wall G. Exergy life and sustainable development. Problemy Ekorozwoju /Problems of Sustainable Development. 2013;8(1):27-41
 USDA Agricultural Statistics. Washington D.C.: US Department of Agriculture; 2008.
 World Population Data Sheet. Washington D.C.: Population Reference Bureau; 2012.
 Oxfam Briefing Paper. The Hunger Grains Briefing Paper www.oxfam.ca/news-and-publications; 2012.
 Piementel D Marklein A Toth MA Karpoff MN Paul GS Mccormack R et al. Food versus biofuels: Environmental and economic cost. Hum Ecol. 2009;37:1-12. DOI: 10.1007/s10745-009-9215-8
 Mandit C Shihalo-Eldin A. Assessment of Biofuels Potential and Limitations. Report Commissioned by the International Energy Forum; 2010.
 Krajewski P. The Rights of Local Communities and Their Role in the Sustainable Exploitation of Biodiversity. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development. 2013;8(1):57-64.
 Makarewicz-Marcinkiewicz A. Strategies Against Technological Exclusion. The Contribution of Sustainable Development Concept to the Process of Economic Inclusion of Developing Countries. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development. 2013;8(2):67-74.
 Cizler J. Opportunities for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas in Serbia. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development. 2013;8(2):85-91.
 Piementel D. Energy Production from Maize. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development. 2012;7(2):15-22.
 Duran J Golusin M Ivanovic OM Jovanovic L Andrejevic A. Renewable Energy and Socio-economic Development in the European Union. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development. 2013;8(1):105-114.
 WWF. Oil Palm Soybeans & Critical Habitat Loss. A Review Prepared for the WWF Forest Conversion Initiative. 2003.
 Junk W Cunha CN. Pantanal: A Large South American Wetland at a Crossroads. Ecol Eng. 2005;24(4):391-401.
 OECD International Energy Agency World Energy Outlook 2011.
 FAO 2013 Food Price Index www.fao.org/worldfoodsituation.