Modeling of pollutants in the air in terms of fire on dumps / Modelowanie zanieczyszczeń powietrza w warunkach pożaru na wysypisku

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Abstract

Paper presents modelling of pollutants in the air in terms of fire on dumps. Uncontrolled fire on dumps where are tyre produce a lot of smoke and air pollutants, including benzene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Great heat leads to the generation of pyrolytic oil which, when mixed with the fire extinguishing agent, contaminates the surrounding soil, surface water and underground water. Paper analyzes and presents in particular the emission factors of incomplete burning of waste car tyres. Metal dust emissions have been presented as well as volatile organic compund (VOC) emissions, slightly volatile organic compound (SVOC) emissions and emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Evaluation of the effect on the air quality has been graphically presented by modelling of uncotrolled tyre burning by using EPA "SCREEN 3 MODEL".

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