Introduction: A relevant role is now emerging for nutraceuticals and specific functional foods in the treatment of dyslipidemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a nutraceutical multi-target approach in subjects with moderate cardiovascular risk and to compare it with red yeast rice (RYR) treatment alone. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients with a first diagnosis of moderate dyslipidemia were included in a 6-week open-label, randomized, parallel-group controlled clinical trial and were treated with a nutraceutical supplement of Red Yeast Rice (RYR) extract containing 10 mg of monacolin k or its combination with 48 mg of an improved form of highly bioavailable resveratrol. The dosage of RYR was selected on the basis of its expected efficacy in reducing low-density lipoprotein- cholesterol also approved by the EFSA panel. All differences were assessed by Student’s t test with P values .05 are considered as statistically significant. Statistical analysis was performed by using Excel. Results: Treatment with RYR (10 mg monacolin K) led to a reduction of total cholesterol (20%) and low-density lipoprotein- cholesterol (21%). The combination with resveratrol however, compared to RYR alone significantly reduced triglyceride (-18 %) levels, systolic blood pressure (-2 %) and HOMA index (-17 %). Discussion: These results indicate that the nutraceutical supplementation of RYR associated with resveratrol not only shows lipid-lowering activity but compared to RYR treatment alone significantly also ameliorates other metabolic parameters. Thus, may represent a valid and safe approach, especially in people with moderate cardiovascular risk, in which a pharmacologic intervention may not be appropriate.
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