Effective altruism for the poor

Open access

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to contribute to the debate on effective altruism. It is an attempt to present it as a universal moral proposition – not only a new charity model for the richest citizens of the world. The article starts with a definition of a hypothetical group of relatively-poor effective altruists. Their hypothetical living conditions and opportunities are juxtaposed with the theory of effective altruism developed by Peter Singer and William MacAskill and with career guides proposed by 80000hours.org – one of the websites gathering effective altruists. In the last part, selected practices for relatively poor effective altruists are described. The conclusion of the paper is, that although most of the reflections behind the concept of effective altruism are developed for the richest people in the world, it is a universal ethical position that can be applied into lives of relatively poor people, whose contribution should not be underestimated.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • BOSTROM N. (2013): Existential risk prevention as global priority. In: Global Policy 4(1) pp. 15–31.

  • KATEMAN B. (ed.) (2017): The reducetarian solution. New York: Tarcherperigee.

  • LYMBERY P. & OAKESHOTT I. (2014): Framageddon: The true cost of cheap meat. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

  • MACASKILL W. (2015a): Doing good better: Effective altruism and a radical new way to make a difference. London: Guardian Books.

  • MACASKILL W. (2015b): 80000 hours thinks that only a small proportion of people should earn to give long term in: 80000hours.org published 06.07.2015 edited 12.07.2015. [online] [Retrieved April 29 2019] Available at: https://80000hours.org/2015/07/80000-hours-thinks-that-only-a-small-proportion-of-people-should-earn-to-give-long-term

  • MACASKILL W. (2017): Effective reducetarianism. In: B. Kateman (ed): The Reducetarian solution. New York: Tarcherperigee pp. 69–71.

  • SHIH HAN T. (2014): China’s demand for meat to change the face of global trade in feed grains. In: South China Morning Post published: 20.05.2014. [online] [Retrieved April 29 2019] Available at:http://www.scmp.com/business/commodities/article/1516060/chinas-soaring-demand-meat-change-face-global-trade-feed-grains

  • SINGER P. (1972): Famine affluence and morality. In: Philosophy & Public Affairs 1(3) pp. 229–243.

  • SINGER P. (1979): Practical ethics. New York & London: Cambridge University Press.

  • SINGER P. (1997): How are we to live? Ethics in an age of self-interest. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press.

  • SINGER P. (2009): The life you can save: Acting now to end world poverty. New York: Picador.

  • SINGER P. (2013): Why and how to be effective altruist TED conference published: 03.2013. [online] [Retrieved April 29 2019] Available at: https://www.ted.com/talks/peter_singer_the_why_and_how_of_effective_altruism?

  • SINGER P. (2015): The most good you can do: How effective altruism is changing ideas about living ethically. New Haven & London: Yale University Press.

  • SOSIS C. (2019): An interview with Peter Singer. In: what is it like to be a philosopher published without a date of publication [online] [Retrieved April 29 2019] Available at: Whatisitliketobeaphilosopher.com http://www.whatisitliketobeaphilosopher.com/#/peter-singer/

  • TODD B. (2017a): What is the best way to become an advocate? In: 80000hours.org published 04.2017. [online] [Retrieved April 29 2019] Available at: https://80000hours.org/articles/the-advocate/#whats-the-best-way-to-become-an-advocate

  • TODD B. (2017b): Approach 2: Advocacy. In: 80000hours.org published 04.2017. [online] [Retrieved April 29 2019] Available at: https://80000hours.org/career-guide/high-impact-jobs/#approach-2-advocacy

  • TODD B. (2017c): Should you earn to give? In: 80000hours.org published 04.2017. [online] [Retrieved April 29 2019] Available at: https://80000hours.org/career-guide/high-impact-jobs/#should-you-earn-to-give

  • WIBLIN R. (2015a): What are the 10 most harmful jobs? In: 80000hours.org published: 14.08.2015. [online] [Retrieved April 29 2019] Available at: https://80000hours.org/2015/08/what-are-the-10-most-harmful-jobs/

  • WIBLIN R. (2015b): What if you want to have a big social impact and live in a poorer country? In: Effective Altruism Forum published 20.12.2015. [online] [Retrieved April 29 2019] Available at: http://effective-altruism.com/ea/rd/what_if_you_want_to_have_a_big_social_impact_and/

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.35

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.161

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 194 194 23
PDF Downloads 155 155 22