Moral emotions

Open access

Abstract

Moral emotions have been badly neglected by philosophical ethics. In my view to the detriment of this discipline because they are not only important for the moral evaluation of persons but also for value theory and thus also for a theory of morally right actions. This paper outlines my account of moral emotions. Emotions such as regret or shame are sometimes but not always moral emotions. I will determine when they (and other emotions) are moral emotions. In (I) I will deal with the views of some other authors and in (II) and (III) I will explain my own account.

Adams, R. M. 1988. Common Projects and Moral Virtue. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13:297-307.

Bollnow, O. F. 1962. Einfache Sittlichkeit: Kleine philosophische Aufsätze (3. Aufl.). Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Broad, C. D. 1952. Ethics and the History of Philosophy. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Broad, C. D. 1971. Emotion and Sentiment. In D. R. Cheney (ed.), Broad’s critical essays in moral philosophy (pp. 283-301). London: Allen & Unwin.

Broad, C. D. 1985. Ethics. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff.

Clarke, D. S. 1985. Practical Inferences. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Eagly, A. H. & Chaiken, S. 1993. The Psychology of Attitudes. Fort Worth: Hartcourt Brace.

Greenspan, P. S. 1993. Emotions and Reasons: An Inquiry into Emotional Justification. New York: Routledge.

Hare, R. M. 1992. Moralisches Denken: Seine Ebenen, seine Methode, sein Witz. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp (Originally published 1981: Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method and Point)

Harris, P. L. 1993. Understanding Emotions. In M. Lewis & J. M. Haviland (eds.), Handbook of Emotions (pp. 237-246). New York: Guilford Press.

Hoffman, M. L. 1984. Empathy, its Limitations, and its Role in a Comprehensive Moral Theory. In W. M. Kurtines & J. L. Gewirtz (eds.), Morality, Moral Behavior, and Moral Development (pp. 283-302). New York: Wiley & Sons.

Hoffman, M. L. 1994. Empathy, Role Taking, Guilt, and Development of Altruistic Motives. In B. Puka (ed.), Reaching Out: Caring, Altruism, and Prosocial Behavior (pp. 196-215). New York: Garland.

Hoffman, M. L. 2000. Empathy and Moral Development: Implications for Caring and Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Izard, C. E. 1991. The Psychology of Emotions. New York-London: Plenum Press.

Lewis, M. 1993. Self-conscious Emotions: Embarrassment, Prude, Shame, and Guilt. In M. Lewis & J. M. Haviland (eds.), Handbook of Emotions (pp. 563-573). New York: Guilford Press.

Mees, U. 1991. Die Struktur der Emotionen. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Montada, L. 1993. Moralische Gefühle. In W. Edelstein, G. Nunner-Winkler & G. Noam (Hrsg.), Moral und Person (S. 259-277). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Neblett, W. 1981. The Role of Feelings in Morals. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America.

Nowell-Smith, P. H. 1957. Ethics. Oxford: Blackwell.

Oakley, J. 1992. Morality and the Emotions. London-New York: Routledge.

Rawls, J. 1993. Eine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit (7. Aufl.). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. (Originally published 1971: A Theory of Justice)

Schopenhauer, A. 1977. Die beiden Grundprobleme der Ethik. (Züricher Ausgabe. Werke in zehn Bänden, Bd. 6) Diogenes: Zürich. (First published 1839/40)

Smith, A. 1966. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. New York: Augustus M. Kelley Publishers. (First published 1759)

Spiecker, B. 1994. Education and the Moral Emotions. In B. Puka (Ed.), Reaching out: Caring, Altruism, and Prosocial Behavior (pp. 283-303). New York: Garland.

Spielthenner, G. 2003. Grundlagen der Ethik. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang.

Stevenson, C. L. 1944. Ethics and Language. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Stevenson, C. L. 1963. Facts andValues: Studies in Ethical Analysis. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press.

Stocker, M. & Hegeman, E. 1996. Valuing Emotions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Taylor, G. 1988. Envy and Jealousy: Emotions and Vices. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13: 233-249.

Tugendhat, E. 1986. Über die Notwendigkeit einer Zusammenarbeit zwischen philosophischer und empirischer Forschung bei der Klärung der Bedeutung des moralischen Sollens. In W. Edelstein & G. Nunner-Winkler (Hrsg.), Zur Bestimmung der Moral: Philosophische und sozialwissenschaftliche Beiträge zur Moralforschung (S. 25-36). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Tugendhat, E. 1993. Vorlesungen über Ethik. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Warnock, M. 1957. The Justification of Emotions. The Aristotelian Society Suppl. Vol. 31: 43-58.

Williams, B. 1978. Probleme des Selbst: Philosophische Aufsätze 1956-1972. Stuttgart: Reclam. (Originally published 1973: Problems of the Self: Philosophical Papers 1956-1972).