The Energy Use Of Granulate And Pyrolysis Oil From Discarded Car Tires As A Method To Increase Ecological And Energy Safety

Andrzej Tomporowski 1 , Izabela Piasecka 1 , Adam Mrozński 1 , Weronika Kruszelnicka 1 , Patrycja Bałdowska-Witos 1 ,  und Stephan Kovalyshyn 2
  • 1 University of Science and Technology, , Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • 2 Lviv National Agrarian University, , Ukraine


On average, there are about 60 kg of rubber in a passenger car, about 67% of which are tires, about 20% of all kinds body seals, doors and windows, suspension elements amount to 5%, the rest are other elements related to the engine (seals, hoses, wires, pads, etc.). Rubber waste is too valuable resource to direct to landfills. The vast majority of recovery of used tires in Poland (over 70%) is carried out by burning tires with energy recovery. Tires in the form of granulate, mixed with coal dust, are burn in some combined heat and power plants. The paper presents results of experimental studies of possible use for energy purposes, granules and pyrolysis oil the resulting from discarded car tires for increasing ecological and energy safety. Energy properties of granulates and pyrolysis oil were investigated and the shape and size of granulate particles were analyzed. For this purpose, digital image processing (CAMSIZER device) and calorimeter were used. It was found that the products of tire recycling decommissioned from exploitationare the high-energy material with good calorific value. Based on the results of experimental studies, application conditions of rubber waste for energy purposes was formulated.

Falls das inline PDF nicht korrekt dargestellt ist, können Sie das PDF hier herunterladen.

  • Amari, T., Themelis, N. J., Wernick, I. K., 1999. Resource recovery from used rubber tires. Resources Policy, 25, 179-188,

  • Bignozzi, M. C., Sandrolini, F., 2006. Tyre rubber waste recycling in self-compacting concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 36(4), 735-739,

  • Flizikowski, J., 1999. Comminution of plastics in the recycling process, Polymers, 44(6), 397-402.

  • Flizikowski, J., Topoliński, T., Opielak, M., Tomporowski, A., Mroziński, A., 2015. Research and analysis of operating characteristics of energetic biomass micronizer. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc – Maintenance and Reliability, 17(1), 19–26, https://10.17531/ein.2015.1.3.

  • Formela, K., Haponiuk, J., Stankiewicz, P., Stasiek, A., 2011. Continuous devulcanization of ground rubber tire waste. Przemysl Chemiczny, 90(12), 2175-2178.

  • Ivan, G., 2012. Some aspects of tyre impact on environment: production, service and recycling. Elastomery, 6(4-5), 24-38.

  • Macko, M., Flizikowski, J., Szczepanski, Z. Tyszczuk, K., Smigielski, G., Mrozinski, A., Czerniak, J., Tomporowski, A., 2017. CAD/CAE Applications in Mill's Design and Investigation. Proceedings of 13th International Scientific Conference: Computer Aided Engineering, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 343-351.

  • Marczuk, A., Caban, J., Savinykh, P., Turubanov, N., Zyryanov, D., 2017. Maintenance research of a horizontal ribbon mixer. Eksploatacja i Niezawodnosc-Maintenance and Reliability, 19(1), 121-125,

  • Marczuk. A., Misztal, W., Słowik, T., Piekarski, W., Bojanowska, M., Jackowska, I., 2015. Chemical determinants of the use of recycled vehicle components. Przemysl Chemiczny, 94(10), 1867-1871,

  • Miranda, M., Cabrita, I., Pinto, F., Gulyurtlu, I., 2013. Mixtures of rubber tyre and plastic wastes pyrolysis: A kinetic study. Fuel, 103, 542-552,

  • Seidelt, S., Müller-Hagedorn, M., Bockhorn, H., 2006. Description of tire pyrolysis by thermal degradation behaviour of main components. Journal of Analytical and Applied. Pyrolysis, 75(1), 11-18,

  • Sharma, V. K., Fortuna, F., Mincarini, M., Berillo, M., Cornacchia, G., 2000. Disposal of waste tyres for energy recovery and safe environment. Applied Energy, 65(1-4), 381-94,

  • Sunthonpagasit, N., Duffey, M. R., 2004. Scrap tires to crumb rubber: feasibility analysis for processing facilities. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 40(4), 281-299,

  • Szymański, M., Szymczak, M., Łukasiewicz, J., 2006. Zbiór zadań z termodynamiki. Wydawnictwa Uczelniane ATR, Bydgoszcz.

  • Tomporowski, A., Flizikowski, J., Kasner, R., Kruszelnicka, W., 2017. Environmental control of wind power technology. Rocznik Ochrona Srodowiska, 19, 694-714.

  • Tomporowski, A., Flizikowski, J., Kruszelnicka, W., 2017. A new concept of roller-plate mills. Przemysl Chemiczny, 96(8), 1750-1755,

  • Tomporowski, A., Flizikowski, J., Opielak, M., Kasner, R., Kruszelnicka, W., 2017. Assessment of Energy use and elimination of CO 2 emissions in the life cycle of an offshore wind power plant farm. Polish Maritime Research, 24(4), 93-101,


Zeitschrift + Hefte