The Ergonomic Assessment of Cycle Rickshaw Operators Using Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (Rula) Tool and Rapid Entire Body Assessment (Reba) Tool

Open access


In India, the population of about eight lacks people who are engaged in riding cycle rickshaw as an occupation. It is an unorganized sector of India. A cycle rickshaw is a modified form of bicycle which is the cheapest mode of transportation for carrying passengers, luggage and goods. Many tasks connected with this occupation are associated with strenuous body postures, and some body movements typical for this job which, when combined with a heavy load, result in frequent work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs).Working postures were analyzed by means of Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) tool and Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) tool in order to determine the area of discomfort. The outcome of the research is beneficial for manufactures of cycle rickshaws and similar products well as users of such products, including cycle rickshaw operators. Some suggestions were given to have increase the comfort and safety level.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Pradhan CK Thakur S Mukherjee AK and Roychowdhury A. 2004. Physiological assessment of cycle rickshaw pullers. Indian J Physiology and Allied Sciences 58: 113-118.

  • Pradhan CK Thakur S Mukherjee A and Roychowdhury A. 2008. Energy expenditure of cycle rickshaw pullers in different places in India. Ergonomics 51: 1407-1417.

  • Dhara PC Kar SK Manna I. Ghosh S Sau S and Banerjee S. 2005. Body dimension and body composition of agricultural workers of Eastern India. Indian Journal of Physiology and Allied Sciences 59: 111-123.

  • Kar SK Ghosh S Manna I Banerjee S and Dhara P. 2003. An investigation of hand anthropometry of agricultural workers. J. Human Ecology 14: 57-62.

  • Yadav R Tiwari VK and Prasad N. 1997. Anthropometric data of Indian farm worker - a module analysis. Applied Ergonomics 21: 69-71.

  • Gite LP and Yadav BG. 1989. Anthropometric survey for agricultural machinery design. Applied Ergonomics 20: 191-196.

  • Gupta PK Sharma AP and Gupta ML. 1983. Anthropometric survey of Indian farm workers. Agricultural Mechanisation in Asia 14: 27-30.

  • Manna I Pradhan D Ghosh S Kar SK and Dhara P. 2001. A comparative study foot dimension between adult male and female and evaluation of foot hazards due to using footwear. J Physiological Anthropology and Applied Human Science 20: 241-246.

  • Chakrabarti D. 1997. Indian Anthropometric Dimensions for Ergonomic Design Practice. National Institute of Design Ahmedabad.

  • Chakrabarti D and Nag PK. 1996. Human concept in workspace design. Ergonomics and work Design ed. By Nag PK New Age International Publishers New Delhi : Ch 8 129-157.

  • Fernandez JE and Uppugonduri KG 1992. Anthropometry of South Indian industrial workmen. Ergonomics 35: 1393- 1398.

  • Pradhan C.K. Thakur S. Mukherjee A.K.2010. Anthropometric characteristics of Indian cycle rickshaw pullers Journal of Human Ergology 39 (2).

  • Lynn McAtamney et al. 1993. “RULA: a survey method for the investigation of world-related upper limb Disorders” Applied Ergonomics.

  • Hignett S. and McAtamney L. 2000. “REBA: A Survey Method for the Investigation of Work-Related Upper Limb Disorders” Applied Ergonomics.

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 167 167 26
PDF Downloads 121 121 21