Innovation Safety Management by Shaping the Law on Non-Practising Entities (Patent Trolls) in the USA and EU

Open access


In a knowledge-based economy, innovation resulting from R & D activities and subsequent management of their legal safety are of particular importance. Incorrect patent law can lead to abuse in the area of innovation security on a large scale through the activities of the NPE organization (patent trolls). This phenomenon is particularly noticeable in the US while in the EU it is at a negligible level.

The aim of the article is to demonstrate and prove by using comparative literature and documents analysis of US and EU, that inappropriate law leads to violations of innovation safety through the unhampered activity of patent trolls, while a change of the law to more restrictive law is a right step to reduce the patent trolling. On the other hand, the author proves that in an area with a less liberal definition of patentability, there are no many violations of innovation safety through patent trolling.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bessen J. Meurer M. J. 2012. The direct costs from NPE’s disputes. Boston University School of Law Working Paper No. 12-32 Boston 1-2. 9.11.2018

  • Darts-ip 2018. NPE Litigation In The European Union. Fact and Figures.

  • Derclaye E. Taylor T. 2015 Replacing the Law and Economics Justification for Intellectual Property Rights with a Well-being Approach European Intellectual Property Review Volume 37 Issue 4 Sweet&Maxwell Thompson Reuters pp.200.

  • Eueropean Patent Office EPO Annual Report 2017 - Five-year overview Annual Report 2013 – Five year overview.

  • Kattan J. Wood Ch. 2013 Standard-Essential Patents and the Problem of Hold-up Social Science Research Network. 11.11.2018

  • Lauren Cohen L. Gurun U. Kominers S.D. 2014. Patent trolls: evidence from targeted firms. Nber Working Paper Series Working Paper 20322 Cambridge 1. 4.11.2018

  • Malaga M. 2016. Trolle na podzielonym rynku. Patent europejski o jednolitym skutku a rynek wewnętrzny I prawo konkurencji. Studia Oeconomica Posnaniensia vol. 4 no. 6 90-91.

  • Mizgajska H. Wsciubiak Ł. 2009. Czynniki wpływajace na aktywność innowacyjna zaawansowanych technologicznie firm produkcyjnych sektora MSP w Polsce. In: B. Kryk K. Piech Innowacyjność w skali makro i mikro Instytut wiedzy i innowacji Warszawa 260.

  • Moberly M.D. 2014. Safeguarding Intangible Assets. Butterworth-Heinemann Elsevier 13.

  • Odzimek T. 2015. Aspekty skutecznego zarządzania kooperacją biznes–nauka–administracja w kontekście lokalnej gospodarki. Barometr regionalny 2015 Tom 13 Nr 14 105.

  • Pohlmann T. Opitz M. 2013. Typology of the Patent Troll Business. R&D Management vol. 43 iss. 2103–105.

  • PricewaterhouseCoopers 2017. Patent Litigation Study Change on the horizon? 12.11.2018

  • Reuters Apple ordered to pay $625 million in patent dispute with VirnetX. 5.11.2011

  • The White House Council of Economic Advisers Issue Brief 2016. The Patent Litigation Landscape: Recent Research And Developments. 12.11.2018

  • United States Patent and Trademark Office 1999. American Inventor's Protection Act of Text of section 1000(a)(9) Division B of Public Law 106-113 83-182. 5.11.2018

  • United States Patent and Trademark Office 2015. General information concerning patents Virginia. 5.11.2018

  • Unified Patents 2016. Annual Patent Dispute Report.

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 123 123 13
PDF Downloads 105 105 16