Analysis of the Accidental Release of Chlorine

Open access

Abstract

Due to its properties, chlorine is one of the highly toxic substances used by humans. This gas attacks the respiratory system, eyes and skin. In higher concentrations, its inhalation leads to death. It is mainly used in water treatment plants where it guarantees a bacteriologically safe water in water supply systems. It is also used as a disinfectant and bleaching agent.

The use, transport and storage of chlorine may pose serious hazard associated with its uncontrolled release from technological installations or tanks. The level of this threat will depend on the run of the release scenario or meteorological conditions. The article presents an analysis of the hazards associated with the uncontrolled release of chlorine. The ranges of zones with dangerous level of gas concentration are presented as a result of its instantaneous and continuous release.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Brzozowska L. Niesyto M. 2018. Wpływ warunków meteorologicznych na skutki uwolnienia chloru w wyniku wypadku drogowego. Autobusy 5 62-67.

  • Govier P. Coulson J.M. 2018. Civilian exposure to chlorine gas: A systematic review. Toxicology Letters 293 249-252.

  • Khanmohamadi M Bagheria M. Khademi N. Ghannadpour S.F. 2018. A security vulnerability analysis model for dangerous goods transportation by rail – Case study: Chlorine transportation in Texas-Illinois. Safety Science 10 230-241.

  • Law W.P. Erain N. Ramli N.I. Gimbun J. 2019. Assessment of chlorine leak dispersion around Gebeng industrial area and potential evacuation route. Atmospheric Research 117-129.

  • Majder-Łopatka M. Ciuka-Witrylak M. Dmochowska A. 2014. Analiza zagrożeń związanych z wykorzystaniem chloru w procesie uzdatniania wody. Logistyka 5 957-963.

  • Scenne N.J. Santa Cruz A.SM. 2005. Road risk analysis due to the transportation of chlorine in Rosario city. Reliability Engineering and Safety System 462 83-90.

  • Sitarek K. 2008. Chlor Dokumentacja dopuszczalnych wielkości narażenia zawodowego. Podstawy i Metody Oceny Środowiska Pracy 1(55) 73-95.

  • Ruj B. Chatterjee P.K. 2012. Toxic release of chlorine and off-site emergency scenario – A case study. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 25(3) 650–653.

  • Węsierski T. Majder-Łoparka M. 2012. Wykolejenie się wagonów kolejowych z chlorem w Białymstoku Analiza zdarzenia i możliwych scenariuszy. Bezpieczeństwo i Technika Pożarnicza 2 71-80.

  • Work Safe BC Publications Chlorine Safe Work Practices. 2006.

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 130 130 11
PDF Downloads 97 97 10