Wool Cigarette Filters Part Ill: Selective Removal of Volatile Components with Polyethylenlmlne-Quaternary Ammonium Mixtures

Open access

Abstract

Chemical and biological assays showed that wool filters containing mixtures of commercially available polyethylenimines (PEI) and quaternary ammonium compounds (QUAT) selectively removed proportions of the biologically active volatile constituents of cigarette smoke. The action of the QUAT was synergistic in that it enhanced the performance of PEI filters but, alone, was ineffective in retaining volatile components. Only water-soluble QUATs with one long hydrocarbon chain (> 10 C-atoms) attached to nitrogen were effective. The best removal efficiencies were obtained with a PEI/QUAT ratio in the range 0.8-1.0 and 5-10 % by weight of each additive on the filter material. Analyses of puffs at stages along the tobacco column indicated that the treated filters retained their effectiveness from the first to the last puffs. The treated filters significantly increased the pH of the mainstream smoke.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Mayfield R. J. D. J Evans and M. Lipson: Beitr. Tabakforsdt. 8 (:1976) 314.

  • 2. Morie G. P.: Tob. Science :15 (1971) :107.

  • 3. Tobacco Researdt Council London: Researdt Paper No.11.

  • 4. Evans D. J. M. Lipson and R. J. Mayfield: J. Text. Inst. 66 (1975} i25.

  • 5. Artho A. J. and K. Grob: Tabak-Joumal International :197:1 :1 31.

  • 6. Sensabaugh A. J. and R. H. Cundiff: Tob. Science :11 (:1967) 25·

  • 7. Armitage A. K. and D. M. Turner: Nature 226 (1970) 1231.

  • 8. Elson L. A. and T. E. Betts: J. Nat. Cancer Inst. 48 (:1972) 1885.

  • 9. Passey R. D. M. Bladc.more and D. WarbickSmith: Brit. Med.J.1971 IV 198.

  • 10. Elson 1. A. T. E. Betts and R. D. Passey: Int. J. Cancer 9 (:1972) 666.

  • 11. Morie G. P.: Tob. Science :16 (:1972) :167.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.69

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.295
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.491

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 121 57 0
PDF Downloads 65 48 1