Evaluations of Cigarettes Made with Mold-Damaged and Nondamaged Flue-cured Tobacco

Open access


FIue-cured tobacco damaged by species of Aspergillus from commerciaI and experimental sources was shredded and made into cigarettes. Paired samples of nondamaged tobaccos served as controls. Subsamples of cigarettes were analysed for viable fungal propagules/g, 39 organic and inorganic compounds in the smoke and smoke condensates, and taste preference. PrincipaI fungi associated with leaves and shreds of mold-damaged tobacco were Aspergillus repens, A. ruber, and A. niger. Except for the originaI differences in the nicotine content and in the tar, there were no significant differences in total particulate matter nor in the amount of specific vapour phase components measured in the smoke from cigarettes made with mold-damaged and nondamaged tobaccos. Smoke panelists distinguished between cigarettes made with mold-damaged and nondamaged tobaccos and preferred cigarettes made with the latter. Viable fungus spores passed through the tobacco cylinder from lighted and nonlighted cigarettes. These data suggest the use of mold-damaged tobacco in cigarette manufacturing is to be avoided because of off-flavours and because the fungi isolated are common allergens to the respiratory tract of humans

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. American Association of Cereal Chemists: Cereal laboratory methods 7th ed.; Am. Assoc. Cereal Chemists St. Paul Minnesota 1962.

  • 2. Grainger C. F.: Determination of major organic vapor phase compounds in smoke; 21st Tobacco Chemists' Research Conference Durham N. C. 1967. 3. Green B. M.: Microorganisms of cured tobacco; Process Biochem. 2 (1967) 12-14.

  • 4. Hartill W. F. T.: The influence of temperature and humidity on the development of yellow mould of tobacco; Rhod. Zamb. Mal. J. Agric. Res. 5 (1967) 61-62.

  • 5. Norman V. J R. Newsome and C. H. Keith: Smoking machines for the analysis of the vapor phase of cigarette smoke; Tobacco Sci. 12 (1968) 216-221.

  • 6. Ogg C. L. and E. F. Schultz Jr.: Collaborative study of the determination of tar and nicotine in cigarette smoke; J of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 53 (1970) 659-672. 106

  • 7. Raper K. B. and D. I. Fennell: The genus Aspergillus; The Williams and Wilkins Co. Baltimore 1965.

  • 8. Urbanic J E. and R. F. Sutt: Direct determination of nitric oxide in cigarette smoke; 23rd Tobacco Chemists' Research Conference Philadelphia Pa. 1969.

  • 9. Vickroy D. G. and G. L. Gaunt Jr.: Determination of cyanide in cigarette smoke by cyanide ion-selective electrode; Tobacco Science 16 (1972) 22-25.

  • 10. Watanabe M. and Y. Kobashi: Analytical methods of chemical components in tobacco smoke (I) Determination of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in cigarette smoke by gas chromatography; Scientific Papers No. 107 Central Research Institute Japan Monopoly Corporation pp. 177-180 1965.

  • 11. Welty R. E. and G. B. Lucas: Fungi isolated from damaged flue-cured tobacco Appl. Microbiol. 16 (1968) 851-854·

  • 12. Welty R. E. and G. B. Lucas: Fungi isolated from flue-cured tobacco at time of sale and after storage; Appl. Microbiol. 17 (1969) 36o-365.

  • 13. Welty R. E. G. B. Lucas J T. Fletcher and H. Yang: Fungi isolated from tobacco leaves and brown-spot lesions before and after flue-curing; Appl. Microbiol. 16 (1968) 1309-1313.

  • 14. Welty Ronald E. and S. E. Stout: Microflora of flue-cured tobacco before and after redrying; Tobacco Science 18 (1974) 117-119.

Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.69

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.295
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.491

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 146 96 3
PDF Downloads 51 33 1