Effect of Pore Structure of Cigarette Paper on the Yield of Carbon Monoxide in Mainstream Smoke During Cigarette Burning

Open access

SUMMARY

Two cigarette papers with the same basis weight and permeability but different pore structures were prepared. The effect of the pore structure after pyrolysis on CO yield in mainstream smoke was investigated by heating the papers to 250 °C. Diffusivity, permeability, pore size distribution, and pore volume of the cigarette papers before and after heating were also measured. The pore structures of the completely pyrolyzed cigarette paper in the burning cone and the incompletely pyrolyzed area near the char line were elucidated. CO yield in mainstream and sidestream smoke and the temperature distribution of the burning cone were evaluated. Diffusivity and permeability of the cigarette papers after heating were significantly higher than of the control sample after heating. The volume of pores in the cigarette paper with a size of 0.1-8.0 μm was increased, which decreased CO content in mainstream smoke. An increase in the amount of micropores facilitates CO diffusion from mainstream to sidestream smoke.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Wei Y.L. J.H. Xu Z. Liao Q. Hu and B. Li: Effects of Cigarette Materials on Ventilation Rate and Filtration Efficiency of Cigarette; Chin. Tob. Sci. Tech. 11 (2008) 9-13.

  • 2. Hu Q. B. Gu J. Ma B. Fang and L.J. Peng: Influence of Natural Permeability of Cigarette Paper on Physical Properties and Smoke Delivery of Cigarette; Chin. Tob. Sci. Tech. 8 (2002) 7-10.

  • 3. Drake D.G. D.S. Riley R.R. Baker and K.D. Kilburn: On a Cell to Measure Diffusion Coefficients of Gases Through Cigarette Paper; Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 23 (1980) 127-134.

  • 4. Verdolotti L. A. Salerno R. Lamanna A. Nunziata P. Netti and S. Iannace: A Novel Hybrid PU-Alumina Flexible Foam with Superior Hydrophilicity and Adsorption of Carcinogenic Compounds from Tobacco Smoke; Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 151 (2012) 79-87.

  • 5. Li D.L. Y.T. Wang J. Fan X.G. Wang and Y.Y. Xia: Experiments on Application of Palygorskite Adsorbent Into Cigarette Filter; Chin. Tob. Sci. Tech. 4 (2003) 6-8.

  • 6. LV G.H. C. Nie M.Y. Zhao J.F. Liu and Y. Ding: Studies on the Removal of Carbon Monoxide in Cigarette Smoke by Using Dual-Filters Contained Nano-Catalyst Materials; Acta Tabacaria Sinica 9 (2003) 18-26.

  • 7. Yong G.P. Z.X. Jin H.W. Tong X.Y. Yan G.S. Li and S.M. Liu: Selective Reduction of Bulky Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons From Mainstream Smoke of Cigarettes by Mesoporous Materials; Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 91 (2006) 238-243.

  • 8. Li P. D.E. Miser S. Rabiei R.T. Yadav and M.R. Hajaligol: The Removal of Carbon Monoxide by Iron Oxide Nanoparticles; Appl. Catal. B: Environ. 43 (2003) 151-162.

  • 9. Zhu H.Q. Z.F. Qin W.J. Shan W.J. Shen and J.G. Wang: Low-Temperature Oxidation of CO Over Pd/CeO2-TiO2 Catalysts With Different Pretreatments; J. Catal. 233 (2005) 41-50.

  • 10. Guo J.Z. S.J. Zheng Q.P. Yan X.B. Zhang and W.L. Sun: Effects of Combustion Improver in Cigarette Paper on Deliveries of Seven Harmful Components in Mainstream Cigarette smoke; Chin. Tob. Sci. Tech. 7 (2012) 43-45.

  • 11. Hampl V. Jr: Smoking Article with Reduced Carbon Monoxide Delivery; US Patent 6823872 B2 November 30 2004. Available at http://www.google.com.au/patents/US6823872 (accessed June 2015).

  • 12. Fritzsching T.: Covering Material for Smoking Products Having Improved Carbon Monoxide Reducing Properties; US Patent 20090044819 February 19 2009. Available at http://www.google.com.na/patents/WO2006042817A3?cl=en (accessed June 2015).

  • 13. Waltz V.P. and M. Häusermann: Betrachtungen über die Veränderung des Tabakrauches in der Zigarette; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 3 (1965) 169-191.

  • 14. Muramatsu M. T. Mikami N. Nito and H. Tomita: A Model on the Diffusion and the Dilution of Low Molecular Weight Gaseous Components Through Cigarette Paper During Smoking; Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int. 9 (1977) 141-146.

  • 15. Rostami A.A. and M.R. Hajaligol: Modeling the Diffusion of Carbon Monoxide and Other Gases from the Paper Wrapper of a Cigarette During Puffing; J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 66 (2003) 263-280.

  • 16. Eitzinger B.: Permeability and Diffusivity of Cigarette Paper During its Thermal Decomposition; 61st TSRC Abstract 65 2007 Charlotte NC USA.

  • 17. Zhao D.Q. Y. Dai K.F. Chen Y.F. Sun F. Yang and K.Y. Chen: Effect of Potassium Inorganic and Organic Salts on the Pyrolysis Kinetics of Cigarette Paper; J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 102 (2013) 114-123.

  • 18. Zhou S. C. Wang Y. Xu and Y. Hu: The Pyrolysis of Cigarette Paper Under the Conditions That Simulate Cigarette Smouldering and Puffing; J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 104 (2011) 1097-1106.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.69

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.295
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.491

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 341 244 3
PDF Downloads 154 113 7