Smoke Production from Cell Wall Materials of Tobacco Leaves

Open access


Major components of cell wall materials, that is a-cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin and lignin, were isolated from tobacco leaves. They were heated in a micro-thermobalance in different atmospheres and at different heating rates. The weight loss rate of the sample materials, production rates of carbon oxides and smoke particles produced were measured. In general, materials which produce more carbon oxides produce less smoke particulate mass. In helium at a heating rate of 240°C/min, which attempts to approximate the burning conditions of a cigarette, weight ratios of smoke particles to the sample weight were 32 % for a-cellulose, 24 % for lignin, 3 % for hemicellulose and 0.4 % for pectin. Since a-cellulose is a major constituent of the cell wall of tobacco leaves and has the highest production rate, it can be concluded that a-cellulose is a major contributor to the production of smoke particles from cigarettes. On the contrary, pectin contributes the least.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Stober W: Generation size distribution and composition of tobacco smoke aerosols; in Recent advances in tobacco science Vol 8: The 36th Tob. Chem. Res. Conf. Raleight N.C. 1982 pp. 3-41.

  • 2. Shafizadeh F. K. V Sarkanen and D. A. Tillmann: Thermal uses and properties of carbohydrates and lignin; Academic Press New York N.Y. 1976 p. 276.

  • 3. Burton H. R. and G. Childs Jr.: Thermal decomposition of tobacco; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 9 (1977) 45-52.

  • 4. Baker R. R.: Product formation mechanisms inside a burning cigarette; Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 7 (1981) 135-153.

  • 5. Baker R. R.: A review of pyrolysis studies to tmravel reaction steps in burning tobacco; J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol. 11 (1987) 555-573.

  • 6. Ishizu Y. K. Ohta and H. Tomita: Physical properties of tobacco smoke particles produced under different conditions; Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int. 12 (1984) 137-146.

  • 7. Whistler R. L. (ed.): Method in carbohydrate chemistry Vol III; Academic Press New York N.Y. 1963.

  • 8. Muramatsu M.: Studies on the transport phenomena in a static burning cigarette; Sci. Paper. Cent. Res. Inst. Japan tobacco & Salt Public Corp. 123 (1981) 39-46.

  • 9. Chatterjee P. K. and C. M. Conrad: Kinetics of the pyrolysis of cotton cellulose; Text. Res. J. 36 (1966) 487-494.

  • 10. Ohnishi A. and K. Kato: Thermal decomposition of tobacco cell wall polysaccharides; Beitr. Tabakforsch. 9 (1977) 147-152.

  • 11. Kato K. E Sakai and T Nakahata: Thermal decomposition of tobacco lignin in Japanese; Sci. Paper. Cent. Res. Inst. Japan Monopoly Corp. 107 (1965) 171-175.

Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.69

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.295
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.491

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 157 107 2
PDF Downloads 57 35 1