This article presents a theoretical framework for the author’s experimental work in contemporary poetry, which has received the term cognitive poetry. In contrast to cognitive poetics, which applies the principles of cognitive psychology to interpret poetic texts, cognitive poetry applies these principles to produce poetic texts. The theoretical considerations of cognitive poetry are based on the assumption that one of the major purposes of creative work is to elicit an aesthetical reaction in the beholder. The aesthetical reaction to poetic texts could be achieved via their satiation with multiple meanings presented through multiple sensory modalities. Cognitive poetry employs techniques developed in cognitive psychology to explicitly address cognitive processes underlying the construction of multiple conceptual planes. The following techniques are discussed: priming, the Stroop effect, multimodal and multilingual presentations. The applications of these techniques are illustrated with examples of poetic texts produced by the author.
Bernard, J. W. (1986). Messiaen's synaesthesia: The correspondence between color and sound structure in his music. Music Perception, 4, 41-68.
Bhatia, T. K., & Ritchie, W. C. (2008). The Bilingual Mind and Linguistic Creativity. Journal of Creative Communications, 3, 5-21. doi: 10.1177/097325860800300102
Braun, J. (1998). Divided attention: Narrowing the gap between brain and behavior. In R. Parasuraman (Ed.), The attentive brain (pp. 327-351). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Broadbent, D. E. (1958). Perception and communication. Madison, WI: Pergamon Press.
Ceci, S. J., & Williams, W. M. (1999). The nature-nurture debate: The essential readings. Malden, MA US: Blackwell Publishing.
Chik, A. (2010). Creative multilingualism in Hong Kong popular music. World Englishes, 29, 508-522. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-971X.2010.01678.x
Cleary, B. P. (2004). Rainbow Soup: Adventures in Poetry. Minneapolis, MN: Carolrhoda Books.
Cohen Kadosh, R., & Henik, A. (2007). Can synaesthesia research inform cognitive psychology? Trends in Cognitive Psychologys, 11, 177-184.
Collins, A. M., & Loftus, E. F. (1975). A spreading-activation theory of semantic processing. Psychological Review, 82, 407-428.
Collins, A. M., & Quillian, M. R. (1969). Retrieval time from semantic memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 8, 240-247.
Csíkszentmihályi, M. (1990). Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York, NY: HarperCollins.
Cytowic, R. E. (2002). Synaesthesia: A union of the senses. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Cytowic, R. E., & Eagleman, D. M. (2009). Wednesday is indigo blue: Discovering the brain of synesthesia. Cambridge, MA US: MIT Press.
de Groot, A. M. B. (2000). On the source and nature of semantic and conceptual knowledge. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 3, 7-9.
Deregowski, J. B. (1989). Real space and represented space: Cross-cultural perspectives. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12, 51-119.
Domino, G. (1989). Synaesthesia and creativity in fine arts students: An empirical look. Creativity Research Journal, 2, 17-29.
Duncan, J. (1999). Attention. In F. C. Keil & R. A. Wilson (Eds.), The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Psychologys. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Eagleman, D. M., & Goodale, M. A. (2009). Why color synesthesia involves more than color. Trends in Cognitive Psychologys, 13, 288-292.
Edeline, F. (2012). The use of colour in visual poetry. Óbuda University e-Bulletin, 3, 285-299.
Eliot, C. W. (Ed.). (2010). English Poetry II: Collins to Fitzgerald (Vol. XLI). New York, NY: Cosimo, Incorporated.
Fainsilber, L., & Ortony, A. (1987). Metaphorical uses of language in the expression of emotions. Metaphor & Symbolic Activity, 2, 239-250.
Feynman, R. (1988). What do you care what other people think? Further adventures of a curious character. New York, NY: Norton.
Frankl, V. E. (2000). Man's search for ultimate meaning. Cambridge, MA: Perseus.
Garcia, O., & Li, W. (2014). Translanguaging: Language, Bilingualism and Education. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Grossenbacher, P. G. (1997). Perception and sensory information in synaesthetic experience. In S. Baron-Cohen & J. E. Harrison (Eds.), Synaesthesia: Classic and contemporary readings (pp. 148-172). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.
Guilford, J. P. (1967). The nature of human intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Harhur, T. (2012). BCE. Moscow, Russia: E.Ra.
Homer (2012). The Iliad (S. Mitchell, Trans.). New York, NY: Atria Books.
Hubbard, E. M., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2005). Neurocognitive mechanisms of synesthesia. Neuron, 48, 509-520.
Hudson, W. (1960). Pictorial depth perception in sub-cultural groups in Africa. Journal of Social Psychology, 52, 183-208.
Ione, A., & Tyler, C. (2003). Neurohistory and the arts: Was Kandinsky a synesthete? Journal of the History of Neuroscience, 12, 223-226.
Jonsson, C. (2005). Code-switching in Chicano Theater. Umeå, Sweden: Umeå University Press.
Kasof, J. (1997). Creativity and breadth of attention. Creativity Research Journal, 10, 303-315.
Kharkhurin, A. V. (2007). The role of cross-linguistic and cross-cultural experiences in bilinguals’ divergent thinking. In I. Kecskes & L. Albertazzi (Eds.), Cognitive Aspects of Bilingualism (pp. 175-210). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.
Kharkhurin, A. V. (2008). The effect of linguistic proficiency, age of second language acquisition, and length of exposure to a new cultural environment on bilinguals’ divergent thinking. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 11, 225-243.
Kharkhurin, A. V. (2009). The role of bilingualism in creative performance on divergent thinking and Invented Alien Creatures tests. Journal of Creative Behavior, 43, 59-71.
Kharkhurin, A. V. (2011). Conceptual freedom of the globalized mind: Multicultural experiences enhance human cognition through the expansion of conceptual categories. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 18, 66-83.
Kharkhurin, A. V. (2014). Creativity.4in1: Four-criterion construct of creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 26, 338-352. doi: 10.1080/10400419.2014.929424
Kharkhurin, A. V., & Isaeva, M. G. (2014). Language mediated concept activation in bilingual memory as a facilitation mechanism of creative behavior. Paper presented at the The 3rd International Conference on the Interaction of Language and Cultures, Cherepovets, Russia.
Kharkhurin, A. V., & Li, W.(2014). The role of code-switching in bilingual creativity. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 1-17. doi: 10.1080/13670050.2014.884211
Koestler, A. (1964). The act of creation. Lewiston, NY: Macmillan.
Koestler, A. (1968). The ghost in the machine. Lewiston, NY: Macmillan.
Kroll, J. F., & de Groot, A. M. B. (1997). Lexical and conceptual memory in the bilingual: Mapping form to meaning in two languages. In A. M. B. de Groot & J. F. Kroll (Eds.), Tutorials in bilingualism: Psycholinguistic perspectives (pp. 169-199). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Kuhn, T. S. (1993). Metaphor in science. In A. Ortony (Ed.), Metaphor and thought (2nd ed., pp. 137-163). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lamb, S. (1999). Pathways of the brain. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Li W., & Wu, C.-J. (2009). Polite Chinese children revisited: Creativity and the use of codeswitching in the Chinese complementary school classroom. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 12, 193-211. doi: 10.1080/13670050802153210
Loftus, E. F., & Klinger, M. R. (1992). Is the unconscious smart or dumb? American Psychologist, 47, 761-765. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.47.6.761
Loose, R., Kaufmann, C., Auer, D. P., & Lange, K. W. (2003). Human prefrontal and sensory cortical activity during divided attention tasks. Human brain mapping, 18, 249-259. doi: 10.1002/hbm.10082
Lubart, T. I. (2000). Models of the creative process: past, present and future. Creativity Research Journal, 13, 295-308.
Lubart, T. I., & Getz, I. (1997). Emotion, metaphor and the creative process. Creativity Research Journal, 10, 285-301.
Lucy, J. A. (1997). Linguistic relativity. Annual Review of Anthropology, 26, 291-312.
MacCormac, E. R. (1986). Creative metaphors. Metaphor & Symbolic Activity, 1, 171-184.
Marks, L. E. (1978). The unity of the senses: Interrelations among the modalities. New York: Academic Press.
Mayr, S., & Buchner, A. (2007). Negative Priming as a Memory Phenomenon. Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology, 215, 35-51. doi: 10.1027/0044-3409.215.1.35
McClelland, J. L., & Rumelhart, D. E. (1985). Distributed memory and the representation of general and specific information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 114, 159-188.
McNamara, T. P., & Holbrook, J. B. (2003). Semantic memory and priming. In A. F. Healy & R. W. Proctor (Eds.), Handbook of Psychology (Vol. 4, pp. 447-474). New York: Wiley.
Mednick, S. A. (1962). The associative basis of the creative process. Psychological Review, 69, 220-232.
Mednick, S. A., & Mednick, M. T. (1967). Examiner's manual: Remote Associates Test. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Mendelsohn, G. A. (1976). Associative and attentional processes in creative performance. Journal of Personality, 44, 341-369.
Meyer, D. E., & Schvaneveldt, R. W. (1971). Facilitation in recognizing pairs of words: Evidence of a dependence between retrieval operations. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 90, 227-234.
Miall, D. S. (1987). Metaphor and affect: The problem of creative thought. Metaphor & Symbolic Activity, 2, 81-96.
Mulvenna, C., & Walsh, V. (2005). Synaesthesia. Current Biology, 15, 399-400.
Mulvenna, C. M., Hubbard, E. M., Ramachandran, V. S., & Pollick, F. (2004). Synaesthesia and creativity. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 188.
Nabokov, V. (1967). Speak, memory: An autobiography revisited. New York, NY: Vintage Books.
Neely, J. H. (1991). Semantic priming effects in visual word recognition: A selective review of current findings and theories. In D. Besner & G. W. Humphreys (Eds.), Basic processes in reading: Visual word recognition (pp. 264-336). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Paradis, M. (1997). The cognitive neuropsychology of bilingualism. In A. M. B. de Groot & J. F. Kroll (Eds.), Tutorials in bilingualism: Psycholinguistic perspectives (pp. 331-354). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Paradis, M. (2000). Cerebral representation of bilingual concepts. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 3, 22-24.
Parasuraman, R. (1998). The attentive brain: issues and prospects. In R. Parasuraman (Ed.), The attentive brain (pp. 3-15). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Pavlenko, A. (2000). New approaches to concepts in bilingual memory. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 3, 1-4.
Pavlenko, A. (2014). The Bilingual mind: And what it tells us about language and thought. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Peacock, K. (1985). Synesthetic perception: Alexander Scriabin's color hearing. Music Perception, 2, 483-506.
Penfield, W., & Roberts, L. (1959). Speech and brain mechanisms. Princeton, NJ, US: Princeton University Press.
Piaget, J. (1936). La naissance de l'intelligence chez l'enfant. Oxford, UK: Delachaux et Niestlé.
Plotnik, A. (2007). Spunk & bite: A writer's guide to bold, contemporary style. New York, NY: Random House Reference.
Pushkin, A. S. (2002). Collected narrative and lyrical poetry (W. Arndt, Trans.). Woodstock, NY: Ardis.
Rich, A. N., & Mattingley, J. B. (2002). Anomalous perception in synaesthesia: A cognitive neuroscience perspective. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 3, 43-52.
Rothenberg, A. (1979). The emerging goddess: The creative process in art, science and other fields. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Rothenberg, A. (1996). The Janusian process in scientific creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 9, 207-231.
Sagiv, N., Simner, J., Collins, J., Butterworth, B., & Ward, J. (2006). What is the relationship between synaesthesia and visuo-spatial number forms? Cognition, 101, 114-128.
Scroffa, C. (1568). I cantici di Fidentio ristampati con aggionta d'alcune uaghe compositioni nel medesimo.
Sebba, M., Jonsson, C., & Mahootian, S. (2012). Language mixing and code-switching in writing : approaches to mixed-language written discourse. New York: Routledge.
Silvia, P. J., & Beaty, R. E. (2012). Making creative metaphors: The importance of fluid intelligence for creative thought. Intelligence, 40, 343-351.
Simner, J., & Hubbard, E. M. (2006). Variants of synesthesia interact in cognitive tasks: Evidence for implicit associations and late connectivity in cross-talk theories. Neuro-science, 143, 805-814.
Simner, J., Ward, J., Lanz, M., Jansari, A., Noonan, K., Glover, L., & Oakley, D. A. (2005). Non-random associations of graphemes to colours in synaesthetic and nonsynaesthetic populations. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 22, 1069 - 1085.