The discussion raised by the Glăveanu target paper (Glăveanu, 2014) continues in the second issue of “Creativity. Theories – Research – Applications” (CTRA). In this editorial I focus on two elements shared by commentators whose articles are presented in this issue, namely: creative potential and its measurement. I start with the observation that potential is probably the most fuzzy and poorly defined construct in the creativity literature (and likely social science as a whole). As a result of different operationalizations of this category, its valid and reliable measurement is difficult – though not impossible – but, more importantly, several different theories of potential are being developed simultaneously. I focus mainly on critiques of the measurement of creative potential and show how recent developments in psychometrics make it more valid and reliable than critics tend to realize.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Beaty R. E. & Silvia P. J. (2012). Why do ideas get more creative across time? An executive interpretation of the serial order effect in divergent thinking tasks. Psychology of Aesthetics Creativity and the Arts 6 309-319.
Beaty R. E. Silvia P. J. Nusbaum E. Jauk E. & Benedek M. (2014). The roles of associative and executive processes in creative cognition. Memory & Cognition42 1186-1197.
Beghetto R. A. (2006). Creative self-efficacy: Correlates in middle and secondary students. Creativity Research Journal 18 447-457.
Beghetto R. A. Kaufman J. C. & Baxter J. (2011). Answering the unexpected questions: Exploring the relationship between students' creative self-efficacy and teacher ratings of creativity. Psychology of Aesthetics Creativity and the Arts 5 342-349.
Ceci S. J. (1990). On Intelligence … more or less: A bio-ecological treatise on intellectual development. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall Century Psychology Series.
Christensen P. R. Guilford J. P. &Wilson R. C. (1957). Relations of creative responses to working time and instructions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 82-88.
Dziedziewicz D. & Karwowski M. (2015). Development of children’s creative visual imagination: A theoretical model measurement instrument and enhancement programs. Education 3-13; DOI:10.1080/03004279.2015.1020646.
Fink A. & Benedek M. (2012). EEG alpha power and creative ideation. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 44 111-123.
Finke R. Ward T. & Smith S. (1992). Creative cognition. Cambridge MT: MIT Press.
Glăveanu V. P. (2015). The status of the social in creativity studies and the pitfalls of dichotomic thinking. Creativity. Theories – Research – Applications 2 102-119; DOI: 10.1515/ctra-2015-0016.
Glăveanu V. P. (2014). The psychology of creativity: A critical reading. Creativity. Theories – Research – Applications 1 10-32; DOI: 10.15290/ctra.2014.01.01.02.
Glăveanu V. P. (2013). Rewriting the language of creativity: The Five A's framework. Review of General Psychology 17 69-81.
Gralewski J. & Karwowski M. (2012). Creativity and school grades: A case from Poland. Thinking Skills and Creativity 7 198-208.
Gralewski J. & Karwowski M. (2013). Polite girls and creative boys? Students' gender moderates accuracy of teachers' ratings of creativity. Journal of Creative Behavior 47 290-304.
Guilford J. P. (1967). The nature of human intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Harrington D. M. (1975). Effects of explicit instructions to “ be creative” on the psychological meaning of divergent thinking test scores. Journal of Personality 43 434-454.
Haylock D. W. (1987). A framework for assessing mathematical creativity in school children. Educational Studies in Mathematics 18 59-74.
Hennessey B. A. (2015). Comment on “ The Psychology of creativity: A critical reading” by Vlad Petre Glăveanu. Creativity. Theories – Research – Applications 2 32-37; DOI: 10.1515/ctra-2015-0004.
Hocevar D. (1981). Measurement of creativity: Review and critique. Journal of Personality Assessment 45 450–460.
Karwowski M. (2005). Konstelacje zdolnosci. Typy inteligencji a kreatywnosc. Krakow: Oficyna Wydawnicza Impuls.
Karwowski M. (2007). Teachers’ nominations of students’ creativity: Should we believe them? Are the nominations valid? Social Sciences 2 264-269.
Karwowski M. (2008). Measuring creativity using the Test of Creative Imagination (TCI). Part 1. Presentation of a new instrument to measure creative potential. New Educational Review 1 44-54.
Karwowski M. (2008a). Measuring creativity using the Test of Creative Imagination (TCI). Part 2. On validity of the TCI. New Educational Review 2 216-232.
Karwowski M. (2009). Zglebianie kreatywnosci. Studia nad pomiarem poziomu i stylu tworczosci. Wydawnictwo APS.
Karwowski M. (2010). Kreatywnosc – feeria rozumien uwikłan powodow. Teoretycznoempiryczna prolegomena. [W:] M. Karwowski A. Gajda (red.). Kreatywnosc (nie tylko) w klasie szkolnej. Warszawa: APS.
Karwowski M. (2011). It doesn’t hurt to ask... But sometimes it hurts to believe. Predictors of Polish students’ creative self-efficacy. Psychology of Aesthetics Creativity and the Arts 5 154-164.
Karwowski M. (2012). Did curiosity kill the cat? Relationship between trait curiosity creative self-efficacy and creative personal identity. Europe’s Journal of Psychology 8 547-558.
Karwowski M. (2014). Creative mindset: Measurement correlates consequences. Psychology of Aesthetics Creativity and the Arts 8 62-70.
Karwowski M. & Gralewski J. (2013). Threshold hypothesis: Fact or Artifact? Thinking Skills and Creativity 8 25-33.
Karwowski M. Lebuda I. Wisniewska E & Gralewski J. (2013). Big Five personality factors as the predictors of creative self-efficacy and creative personal identity: Does gender matter? Journal of Creative Behavior 47 215-232.
Kaufman J. C. & Beghetto R. A. (2009). Beyond big and little: The four c model of creativity. Review of General Psychology 13 1-12.
Kujawski J. (2000). O testach twoczosci. W: M. Partyka (red.) Modele opieki nad dzieckiem zdolnym. Warszawa: CMPPP MEN.
Mednick S. (1962). The associative basis of the creative process. Psychological Review 69 220-232.
Metcalfe J. & Wiebe D. (1987). Intuition in insight and noninsight problem solving. Memory & Cognition15 238-246.
Necka E. (1987). Proces tworczy i jego ograniczenia. Krakow: Impuls.
Necka E. (2001). Psychologia tworczosci. Gdansk: GWP.
Nusbaum E. C. Silvia P. J. & Beaty R. E. (2014). Ready set create: What instructing people to “ be creative” reveals about the meaning and mechanisms of divergent thinking. Psychology of Aesthetics Creativity and the Arts in press.
Plucker J.A. (1999). Is the proof in the pudding? Reanalyzes of Torrance’s (1958 to Present) Longitudinal Data. Creativity Research Journal 12 103–114
Plucker J.A.& Runco M.A. (1998). The death of creativity measurement has been greatly exaggerated: current issues recent advances and future directions in creativity assessment. Roeper Review 21 36–39.
Rhodes M. (1961). An analysis of creativity. Phi Delta Kappa 42 305-310.
Runco M. A. (2003). Education for creative potential. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research 47 317-324.
Ruscio J. Whitney D. M. & Amabile T. M. (1998). Looking inside the fishbowl of creativity: Verbal and behavioral predictors of creative performance. Creativity Research Journal 11 243–263.
Russ S. W. & Wallace C. E. (2013). Pretend play and creative processes. American Journal of Play 6 136-148.
Silvia P. J.& Nusbaum E. (2012). What's your major? College majors as markers of creativity. International Journal of Creativity and Problem Solving 22 31-44.
Silvia P. J. Beaty R. E. Nusbaum E. C. Eddington K. M.& Kwapil T. R. (2014). Creative motivation: Creative achievement predicts cardiac autonomic markers of effort during divergent thinking. Biological Psychology 102 30-37.
Silvia P. J. Beaty R. E. Nusbaum E. C. Eddington K. M. Levin-Asperson H. & Kwapil T. R. (2014). Everyday creativity in daily life: An experience-sampling study of “ little c” creativity. Psychology of Aesthetics Creativity and the Arts 8 183-188.
Vygotski L. S. (1930/2004). Imagination and Creativity in Childhood. Journal of Russian and East European Psychology1 7–97.
Wang C.-C. Ho H.-C. Cheng C.-L. &Cheng Y.-Y. (2014). Application of the Rasch Model to the measurement of creativity: The Creative Achievement Questionnaire. Creativity Research Journal 26 62-71.