Host preference of bryophytes composition from Northern Nigeria

B.Y. Abubakar 1  and S. Abdullahi 1
  • 1 Department of Biological Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 810261

Abstract

The epiphytic bryoflora from northern Nigeria has been reported. Host specificity was shown by the recorded species in which pH value accounted for the marked variation in composition. Erpodium coronatum (Hook f. Wilson) Mitt. is the most abundant epiphyllous moss while Fissidens glauculus C.Mfill. was noted to be growing on a particular tank wall substrate. Other common bryoflora encountered include Brachymenium leptophyllum Bruch & Schimp ex Mull. Hal, Fabronia angolensis Welw. & Duby, Bryum coronatum Schwaegr. and Hyophila crenulata Guim. Senna siamea showed the highest species richness of three bryophyte species whereas the remaining tree species supported less. Generally the studied bryophytes showed a considerable preference to different host trees. This therefore suggests the need for careful management of the tree species growing in the University campus which will help in conserving the local epiphytic bryophyte community for enhanced biodiversity richness.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Draper I., Mazimpaka V., Alber tos B., Gar i l let i R. & Lara F. (2005). A survey of the bryophyte flora of the Rif and Tazzeka Mountains (northern Morocco). − Journal of Bryology 27: 23-34

  • Frahm J.-P. (2002). Ecology of bryophytes along altitudinal and latitudinal gradients in Chile. − Tropical Bryology 21: 6-79

  • Hallingback T. & Tan B. C. (2010). Past and present strategies and future strategy of bryophyte conservation. − Phytotaxa 9: 266-274

  • Hietz P. (1999). Diversity and conservation of epiphytes in a changing environment. International Conference on Biodiversity and Bioresources: Conservation and Utilization, 23-27 November, 1997, Phuket, Thailand. www.iupac.org/symposia/proceedings/phuket97/hietz (accessed on December 17, 2011)

  • Kiraly I. & Odor P. (2010). The effect of stand structure and tree species composition on epiphytic bryophytes in mixed deciduous-coniferous forests of Western Hungary. − Biological Conservation 143: 2063-2069

  • Löbel S., Snäl l T. & Rydin H. (2006). Metapopulation processes in epiphytes inferred from patterns of regional distribution and local abundance in fragmented forest landscapes. − J. Ecol. 94: 856-868

  • Palmer M.W. (1986). Pattern in corticolous bryophyte communities of the Northern Carolina Piedmont: Do mosses see the forest or the trees? − The Bryologist 89: 59-65

  • Pócs T. (1996). Epiphyllous liverwort diversity at wordwide level and its threat and conservation. − Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Autón México, Ser. Bot. 67: 109-127.

  • Rober t s N.R., Dal ton P.J. & Jordan G.J. (2005). Epiphytic ferns and bryophytes of Tasmanian tree-ferns: A comparison of diversity and composition between two host species. − Austral Ecology 30: 146-154

  • Salam A.M. & Egunyomi A. (2007). An overview of studies on the Nigerian mosses. − Nigerian Journal of Botany 20(1): 219-228

  • Sim-Sim M., Bergamini A., Lui s L., Font inha S., Mar t ins S., Lobo C. & Stech M. (2011). Epiphytic bryophyte diversity on Madeire Island: Effects of tree species on bryophyte species richness and composition. − The Bryologist 114: 142-154

  • Strazdina L. (2010). Bryophyte community composition on an island of Lake Cieceres, Latvia: dependence on forest stand and substrate properties. − Environmental and Experimental Biology 8: 49-58

  • Vanderpoor ten A., Engels P. & Sot iaux A. (2004). Trends in diversity and abundance of obligate epiphytic bryophytes in a highly managed landscape. − Ecography 27: 567-576

  • Zytynska S.E., Fay M.F., Penney D. & Pr ezios i R.F. (2011). Genetic variation in a tropical tree species influences the associated epiphytic plant and invertebrate communities in a complex forest ecosystem. − Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366: 1329-1336

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search