Corrosion Effect of 65% Nitrate Acid on X4CrNi1812 at 333 K

Open access


Austenitic stainless steels are often used for a materials in the construction of machines and equipment for agricultural and for industrial construction. One of the most important factors constructional material is corrosion resistance. Equipment with austenitic stainless steel can be easy join by quickly welding at a not to high construction price, but one with the serious problem in aggressive environment is their corrosion resistance.

A few corrosion processes in crevices and awkward corners can be avoided at the design stage (low roughness parameters, round-section and other). But still the construction material is exposed to corrosion. These steels often come into contact with an aggressive environment based on nitric acid.

The main aim of this research is to investigate corrosion resistance in different time (48, 96, 144, 192, 240, 288, 336 hours). For this used weight loss of test samples and its profile roughness. The research was conducted on austenitic stainless steel in grade in Nitrate acid at 333 K.

Corrosion tests confirmed that the research this steel in 65% nitrate acid as a corrosive environments is characterized through proportionate to time corrosion process whose measure may be surface roughness. In industrial practice roughness parameters for all the research times can be used for determine the stage and size of steel corrosion.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bara M. Kmita T. Korzekwa J. 2016. Microstructure and properties of composite coatings obtained on aluminium alloys. Arch. Metall. Mater. 61 1107-1112. DOI: 10.1515/amm-2016-0238

  • Bara M. Niedzwiedz M. And Skoneczny W. 2019. Influence of anodizing parameters on surface morphology and surface-free energy of Al2O3 layers produced on EN AW-5251 alloy. Materials 12 art. 695. DOI: 10.3390/ma12050695

  • Bara M. Skoneczny W. Hajduga M. 2009. Ceramic-graphite surface layers obtained by the duplex method on an aluminium alloy substrate. Chemical and Process Engineering 30 431-442.

  • EN 10088-1:2014 “Stainless steels – Part 1: List of stainless steels”.

  • Domagala M. Momeni H. Domagala-Fabis J. Filo G. Krawczyk M. 2018b. Simulation of Cavitation Erosion in a Hydraulic Valve. Materials Research Proceedings 5 1-6. DOI: 10.21741/9781945291814-1

  • Domagala M. Momeni H. Domagala-Fabis J. Filo G. Kwiatkowski D. 2018b. Simulation of Particle Erosion in a Hydraulic Valve. Materials Research Proceedings 5 17-24. DOI: 10.21741/9781945291814-4

  • Dudek A. 2011. Investigations of microstructure and properties in bioceramic coatings used in medicine. Arch. Metall. Mater. 56 135-140. DOI: 10.2478/v10172-011-0015-y

  • Dudek A. Wlodarczyk R. 2010. Structure and properties of bioceramics layers used for implant coatings. Solid State Phenomena 165 31-36. DOI: 10.4028/

  • Fabis-Domagala J. Filo G. Momeni H. Domagala M. 2018. Instruments of identification of hydraulic components potential failures. MATEC Web Conf. 183 art. 03008. DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201818303008

  • Gadek-Moszczak A. Pietraszek J. Jasiewicz B. Sikorska S. Wojnar L. 2015. The bootstrap approach to the comparison of two methods applied to the evaluation of the growth index in the analysis of the digital x-ray image of a bone regenerate. New Trends in Comput. Collective Intell. 572 127-136. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-10774-5_12

  • Gadek-Moszczak A. Radek N. Wronski S. Tarasiuk J. 2014. Application the 3D image analysis techniques for assessment the quality of material surface layer before and after laser treatment. Adv. Mat. Res. Switz. 874 133-138. DOI: 10.4028/

  • Kmita T. Bara M. 2012. Surface oxide layers with an increased carbon content for applications in oil-less tribological systems. Chemical and Process Engineering-Inzynieria Chemiczna i Procesowa 33 479-486. DOI: 10.2478/v10176-012-0040-z

  • Korzekwa J. Gadek-Moszczak A. Zubko M. 2018. Influence of the size of nanoparticles on the microstructure of oxide coatings. Materials Science 53 709-716. DOI: 10.1007/s11003-018-0127-x

  • Krawczyk J. Sobczyk A. 2018. Tests of New Methods of Manufacturing Elements for Water Hydraulics. Materials Research Proceedings 5 200-205. DOI: 10.21741/9781945291814-35

  • Pobedza J. Sobczyk A. 2013. Modern Coating Used in High Pressure Water Hydraulic Components. Key Engineering Materials 542 143-155. DOI: 10.4028/

  • Pramanik A. Basak A.K. (eds.) 2015. Stainless Steel: Microstructure Mechanical Properties and Methods of Application. Nova Science Hauppauge USA.

  • Radek N. Szczotok A. Gadek-Moszczak A. Dwornicka R. Broncek J. Pietraszek J. 2018. The impact of laser processing parameters on the properties of electro-spark deposited coatings. Arch. Metall. Mater. 63 809-816. DOI: 10.24425/122407

  • Skoneczny W. Bara M. 2007. Aluminium oxide composite layers obtained by the electrochemical method in the presence of graphite. Materials Science-Poland 25 1053-1062.

  • Skoneczny W. Niedzwiedz M. Bara M. 2018. The effect of production parameters of oxide layers on their nanostructure nanomorphology and surface free energy. Applied Sciences-Basel 8 art. 2251. DOI: 10.3390/app8112251

  • Skrzypczak-Pietraszek E. Pietraszek J. 2009. Phenolic acids in in vitro cultures of Exacum affine Balf. f. Acta Biol. Cracov. Bot. 51 62-62.

  • Skrzypczak-Pietraszek E. Pietraszek J. 2012. Chemical profile and seasonal variation of phenolic acid content in bastard balm (Melittis melissophyllum L. Lamiaceae). Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 66 154-161. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpba.2012.03.037

  • Skrzypczak-Pietraszek E. Piska K. Pietraszek J. 2018a. Enhanced production of the pharmaceutically important polyphenolic compounds in Vitex agnus castus L. shoot cultures by precursor feeding strategy. Enginnering in Life Sciences 18 287-297. DOI: 10.1002/elsc.201800003

  • Skrzypczak-Pietraszek E. Reiss K. Zmudzki P. Pietraszek J. 2018b. Enhanced accumulation of harpagide and 8-O-acetyl-harpagide in Melittis melissophyllum L. agitated shoot cultures analyzed by UPLC-MS/MS. PLoS ONE 2018 13 art. e0202556. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202556

  • Szczotok A. Radek N. Dwornicka R. 2018. Effect of the induction hardening on microstructures of the selected steels. METAL 2018: 27th Int. Conf. Metallurgy and Materials. Ostrava Tanger 1264-1269.

  • Wlodarczyk R. Dudek A. Nitkiewicz Z. 2011. Corrosion analysis of sintered material used for low-temperature fuel cell plates. Arch. Metall. Mater. 56 181-186. DOI: 10.2478/v10172-011-0021-0

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 3 3 3
PDF Downloads 2 2 2