Drug-induced dyskinesias, can they be prevented?

Małgorzata Romaniukhttp://orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8838-6291 1 , Konrad Suswał 1 , Aleksandra Skałecka 1 , Maria Gromek 1 , Martyna Kozłowska 1 ,  and Paweł Krukowhttp://orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9497-2713 2
  • 1 Psychiatry Student Research Group I Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Early Intervention, Medical University of Lublin
  • 2 Department of Clinical Neuropsychiatry, Medical University of Lublin

Abstract

Introduction: Dyskinesia is a symptom complex in the form of involuntary, repetitive movements of lips, lower jaw, tongue, less often the trunk and limbs. Despite the use of newer drugs in treatment neuroleptics, dyskinesia has not ceased to be a clinical problem.

Method: The work is based on a research review for which the Google Scholar database was used as well PubMed. The search range was limited to 2008-2020. We have included descriptive publications tardive dyskinesia only as a consequence of antipsychotic medications.

Material: We present the use of tetrabenazine analogues, deep brain stimulation, neuroleptics, benzodiazepines and botulinum toxin in late-suffering patients drug-induced dyskinesias, which may indicate an improvement in your health.

Discussion: The first method of treating tardive dyskinesia are withdrawal antipsychotic medications, but for many patients this is impossible. Valbenazine and Deep Brain Stimulation are the most effective in treating Tardive Dyskinesia.

Conclusions: There are not enough studies with the highest reliability to create unequivocal recommendations in the treatment of drug-induced tardive dyskinesia.

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