Experiencing of domestic violence during childhood and level of personality trait of anxiety in adults

Bernarda Bereza 1 , Justyna Morylowska-Topolska 2 , Anna Urbańska 3 , Diana Szymczuk 3 ,  and Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz 4
  • 1 Chair of Clinical Psychology, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
  • 2 Department of Clinical Neuropsychiatry, Medical University of Lublin
  • 3 II Department of Psychiatry and Psychiatry Rehabilitation, Medical University of Lublin
  • 4 I Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Early Intervention Medical University of Lublin

Abstract

Aim. The aim of the study was looking for correlations between experiencing of various forms of harming in childhood and severity of personal trait of anxiety in victims of domestic violence.

Material and methods. The number of 112 people (49 women and 63 men) who were attending the mental health clinics in the area of Mazovian district were investigated. The sociodemographic questionnaire and Polish adaptation of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (by C.D. Spielberger) were used.

Results. High severity of anxiety as a trait, more often than low severity correlates with experiencing of violence (physical and mental) during childhood. Most often it is mental violence with father as perpetrator (p<0.01). People with the high level of anxiety as a trait have more often still been experiencing violence, living with their perpetrator and using violence towards other people (p<0.05).

Conclusions. Awareness of psychological consequences of using violence towards the youngest permit to hope for optimization of actions preventing spreading of such pathology (for example therapeutic work with learned helplessness and copying of destructive family patterns).

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