The goal of the article is to describe the theoretical and empirical research of characteristics of families under non-normative crises, having as an example the families of combatants participated in the anti-terrorist operation in Ukraine. The following family crises are discussed: normative crises, as period of transition from one stage of the family life cycle to another and non-normative crises caused by traumatic life events.
Research methodology. In order to differentiate more clearly the families of war veterans (those who returned from the anti-terrorist operation zone were examined) and their reactions to the crisis, a sample consisted of chosen nuclear families and the attention was focused on the marital subsystem as a family basis. At the end, survey and psychological testing of war veterans’ wives were conducted; the following diagnostic techniques were used: the author’s questionnaire, FACES-3 method (D.Olson), the questionnaire of family anxiety (E.Eydemiller); the methods of mathematical statistics were used to estimate the data.
Research results. The data of the empirical study of the 36 families of war veterans who participated in the military operations in the ATO zone (Ukraine) show that such non-normative family crisis is characterized by family system imbalance and its correction requires adaptation of the family as a whole system to the new reality. Most war veterans’ families undergo series of transformations associated with changes in family structure, communication, significant emotional stress.
Discussion. Psychological assistance to war veterans’ families should include psychological learning, prevention and resolving of marital relationship problems, including construction of a new family image, joint life prospects, discussion and transformation of family rules and regulations, development of family cohesion and communication.
3. Oliferovich N. I., Zinkevich-Kuzemkina T. A., Velenta T. F. Psychology of family crises. «Speech» 2006: 360.
4. Chernikov A.V. System family therapy: an Integrative model of diagnostics. Moscow 2005.
5. Topol O.V. Socio-psychological rehabilitation of participants of the antiterrorist operation. Bulletin of Cherkasy State Pedagogical University. Cherkassy 2015: 230-233.
6. Karayani A. G. Psychological rehabilitation of combatants, ed. A. Karani, M. Polanski, Military psychology 2004 vol. 3:100.
7. Tarabrina V. A. The psychology of post-traumatic stress. Theory and practice. Moscow: Publishing house “Institute of psychology Russian Academy of Sciences”, 2009.
8. Tytarenko T. M. Directions of psychological rehabilitation of the person experiencing events of war. Psychological support of the individual suffering from the effects of traumatic events. Socio-psychological and methodical rehabilitation center, Kiev, Millennium, 2015: 3-13.
9. Beberashvili, Z., Javakhishvili, D., Makhashvili N., Sarjveladze, N. Trauma and psychosocial assistance. A practical guide based on the experience of NGO sof Georgia. Norwegian Refugee Council. Tbilisi-Baku, 2001:13-14.
10. Paronyanc T. P. The emergence and manifestation of post-traumatic stress disorders in employees of the Internal Affairs interms of compliance with UN peace keeping mission (for example former Yugoslavia): dis. of PhD. Kharkiv, 2004.
11. Buryak A.A., Hynevskii M.S., Katerusha G.L. The military syndrome “ATO”: the relevance and solutions at the state level. Collection of scientific works of Kharkiv Air Force University. Kharkiv, 2015 vol 2(43): 176-181.
12. Yablonskaya T.M. Development of child’s identity in family relationships. Sumy 2013: 444.
13. Olson D. Circumplex Model of Maritaland Family Sistems. Assessing Family Functioning. In Walsh, Froma, Normal Family Processes. The GuilfordPress: NY-London, 1993.
14. Eidemiller E.G. The psychology and psychotherapy of family. SPb: Peter, 2008: 668.
15. Chernikov A.V. System family therapy: an Integrative model of diagnostics, Moscow: Publishing house “Independent firm “Class”, 2001.
16. Klimchuk V. O. Post-traumatic growth and how can we promote it in psychotherapy. Science and education, Odessa South Ukrainian national pedagogical University named K.D.Ushinsky 2016 nr 5: 46-52.
17. Tytarenko T. M. The potential of overcoming difficult life circumstances. Research of social and political psychology, ed. S. D. Maksymenko, N. M. Sliusarevsky and others, Kiev 2006 nr 13(16): 3-13.