Psychopathological symptoms in children and adolescents diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders with comorbid epilepsy - case report

Żaneta Brudkowska 1 , Katarzyna Jusiak 2 , Michał Próchnicki 1 , 2 , Beata Gołębiowska 3 , Justyna Morylowska-Topolska 1 , Ewelina Dziwota 4 , Paweł Pawełczak 5 , 6 ,  and Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz 1 , 2
  • 1 Department of Clinical Neuropsychiatry, Medical University of Lublin
  • 2 Clinic of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Early Intervention, Medical University of Lublin
  • 3 Department of Neurology III Chair of Pediatrics, Medical University of Lublin.
  • 4 II Department of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Medical University of Lublin
  • 5 Health Care Unit, District Hospital in Sochaczew.
  • 6 Health Center of Western Mazovia, Ltd.

Abstract

The number of diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is on the rise, which encourages the search for their causes spurs researchers to study co-occurrence of ASD with other diseases and disorders. This study aims at highlighting the importance of the clinical problem of autism spectrum disorders and its comorbidity with epilepsy. This is one of the most common co-morbidities happening to children.

Regarding the psychopathological symptoms, it needs emphasizing that both in case of an isolated ASD and epilepsy itself, the accompanying psychiatric symptoms are confirmed. The research conducted so far also shows that in the course of epilepsy in the child / youth, mental health problems are often revealed, particularly depression and anxiety disorders. Episodes of depression and anxiety disorders are also mentioned as the most common comorbid psychopathological symptoms associated with ASD. An accurate and rapid diagnosis of epilepsy can improve the functioning of the child in the family environment and can improve communication skills. It is also important for the overall intellectual and psychological development. Making a correct diagnosis of the problem is equally crucial as choosing the right methods of medical and psychological care. Moreover,, it determines the early use of adequate, safe and effective forms of treatment.

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