An Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) converts the speech signals into words. The recognized words can be the final output or it can be an input for a natural language processing. In this paper, vowel recognizer using Continuous density HMM and Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficient (MFCC) were used for feature extraction for its development, and phonetically balanced words (PBW) in Filipino were developed. Thus, this study is a preparation for Filipino Language ASR using HMM. For vowel recognizer, forty speakers were trained (20 male and 20 female speakers). An average accuracy rate of 94.5% was achieved for speaker-dependent test and 90.8% for speaker independent test. For PBW, 2 word lists were developed consisting of 257 words for the 2-syllable Filipino PBW word list and 212 words for the 3-syllable Filipino PBW word list.